South America




______________________________________________________________________________



thought there were no Alternatives ?
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "ever since the crash of 2008 exposed a failed economic model, we've been told there are no viable alternatives"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "as Europe sinks deeper into austerity, governing parties of whatever stripe are routinely rejected by disillusioned voters"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "only to be replaced by others delivering more welfare cuts, privatisation and inequality"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "so what should we make of a part of the world"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "where governments have resolutely turned their back on that model"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "slashed poverty and inequality"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "taken back industries and resources from corporate control"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "massively expanded public services and democratic participation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and keep getting re-elected in fiercely contested elections ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "that is what has been happening in Latin America for a decade"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the latest political leader to underline the trend is Rafael Correa"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "re-elected as President of Ecuador with an increased 57% share of the vote"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Ecuador is part of a well-established pattern"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that followed the re-election of Bolivia's Evo Morales, Latin America's first indigenous President, in 2009"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the election of Lula's nominated successor Dilma Rousseff in Brazil in 2010"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and of Cristina Fernandez in Argentina in 2011"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "despite their differences, it's not hard to see why"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Latin America was the first to experience the disastrous impact of neoliberal dogma"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "Correa was originally elected in the wake of an economic collapse so devastating that one in 10 left the country"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "since then the poverty has been cut by nearly a third and extreme poverty by 45%"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "unemployment has been slashed"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while social security, free health and education have been rapidly expanded"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "including free higher education, now a constitutional right"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and that has been achieved not only by using Ecuador's limited oil wealth to benefit the majority"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but by making corporations"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and the well-off pay their taxes (receipts have almost tripled in six years)"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "raising public investment to 15% of national income, extending public ownership"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "tough renegotiation of oil contracts and re-regulating the banking system to support development"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "many of the things, in fact, that conventional "free market" orthodoxy insists will lead to ruin"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but have instead delivered rapid growth and social progress"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


______________________________________________________________________________
  • "social democratic governments have reduced social and racial inequality, challenged US domination"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and begun to create genuine regional integration"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and independence for the first time in 500 years"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "given what's already been delivered to the majority, it's hardly surprising they keep getting re-elected"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it says more about the western media (and their elite Latin American counterparts)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that they are routinely portrayed as dictatorial"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in reality, the real anti-democratic menace comes from the US's own allies"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Latin America's transformation is deeply rooted and popular"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while a discredited right has little to offer"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "for the rest of the world, it makes a nonsense of the idea"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that five years into the crisis nothing can be done but more of the same"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "true, these are economies and societies at a very different stage of development"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and their experiences can't simply be replicated elsewhere"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but they have certainly shown there are multiple alternatives"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to neoliberal masochism - which win elections, too"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________



Latin America is more stable and democratic than ever
- Mark Weisbrot: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "Washington's foreign policy establishment has been proven wrong"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Latin America is more stable and democratic than ever"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Ecuador: "in all of these countries the vast majority of the mass media"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to varying degrees, shares the opposition's agenda"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and appears willing to present an overly pessimistic or even catastrophic scenario in order to help advance the cause"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in the United States, these policies have mostly been dismissed as "populism" or worse"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Washington's foreign policy establishment have proven to be wrong"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "as Ecuador and Bolivia are now more politically stable than they have been for decades"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "they are also more democratic than they have ever been"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "most of Latin America is going through a democratic transition"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that is likely to prove every bit as important as the one that brought an end to the dictatorships"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "ironically, the region's economic performance was vastly better in the era of the dictatorships"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "because the governments of that era generally had more effective economic policies"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "than the formally democratic but neoliberal governments that replaced them"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "people chosed to vote for left governments"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "who extended democracy from politics to economic and social policy"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the enormous growth rates even taking into account these countries' prior recessions"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and allowed for large reductions in poverty"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "left governments have also taken greater control over their natural resources"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and delivered on their promises to share the income from these resources with the poor"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this is the way democracy is supposed to work:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "people voted for change and got quite a bit of what they voted for"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "with reasonable expectations of more to come"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________



Democracies can stop predatory Financiers
- Richard Drayton: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "while Europe forces yet more privatisation on Greece and Spain under the Orwellian name of "liberalisation""

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Latin America in 2012 is challenging the orthodox view that private always is better than public"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Bolivia seized the Spanish company that controlled its electricity grid"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "just after Argentina, effectively renationalised YPF"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "its main oil company, expropriating 51% owned by Spanish firm Repsol"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Bolivia and Argentina have both shown that private firms were investing less"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "not more, than their public predecessors were"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "Morales noted that only US$ 81m had been invested in Bolivia's electricity grid since privatisation in 1997"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "YPF in the 1990s drilled three times as many exploratory wells in Argentina as it did in the 2000s under Repsol"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Argentina's oil and gas output was falling"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in both cases Spanish multinationals had prioritised the repatriation of dividends over investment"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in 1999, Repsol bought its most important international asset, YPF"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "over the past decade the main value of YPF as far as Repsol was concerned was not the oil or gas it produced and sold"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but its value as collateral on the basis of which debt could be contracted"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "YPF, under Repsol, paid extraordinarily high dividends to its foreign owners"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "which it paid for by borrowing"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "so while YPF debts soared and Argentina's oil went undrilled"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Repsol both banked profits and "invested" Argentinian capital elsewhere"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Repsol did not guarantee any of the debt at YPF, the liabilities all fell on Buenos Aires"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in nationalising, Argentina showed that a democratic Government can stop predatory financiers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Climate Change - US cable - 2010: LINK ¤ 10BRASILIA15

_________________________________________

  • "Brazil brought to the Conference of the Parties-15 (COP-15)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen (UNFCCC)"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "its voluntary national goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by 36.1 percent"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by 2020 compared with "business as usual""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Brazil - EU Summit - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08RIODEJANEIRO346

_________________________________________

  • "President Sarkozy announced that they had agreed to take a common position dealing"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "with the global financial crisis at the next G-20 summit in London"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we decided with President Lula that things must change and change profoundly"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we have a common vision on the future role of the IMF"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the system of management of financial institutions"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we cannot allow a single financial institution"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to be uncontrolled or unsupervised"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

UN Human Rights Council - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05BRASILIA1672

_________________________________________

  • "the Brazilian Government is in favor of creating a human rights council"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "which would be a sheltered body to stress the importance of human rights in the United Nations"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "based on Kofi Annan's proposal"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the new council would be at the same level as ECOSOC and the Security Council"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to give leverage to human rights groups"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • Human Rights Director Ramos: "Brazil is in favor of a legitimate, independent body"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to evaluate the human rights situation in all countries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

ARGENTINA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ ARGENTINA



-
Capital: Buenos Aires
| Population: 43.4 million



_________________________________________
Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BUENOSAIRES632

_________________________________________

  • "Kirchner was gratified to see the United States re-engage with the world"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "she particularly praised President Obama's recent speech and his engagement on the Middle East"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and suggested the US consider launching"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "an infrastructure initiative for the Western Hemisphere"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "she was very, very pleased to see President Obama "re-engage" on the Middle East"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "which the US had neglected the region for years"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this engagement is essential for peace in the region and the world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Agriculture Exports - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 08BUENOSAIRES787

_________________________________________

  • "the president of Cargill Argentina met with the US ambassador to discuss"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the rising stream of regulations to increase Argentinian control of agricultural exports"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the new regulations are being issued without consulting the major exporters"

 

 

 


_________________________________________

  • "the US ambassador agreed to raise concerns with the Argentinian government"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "about the impact of these policies on investments"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while protecting Cargill"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Argentine Cabinet Chief Fernandez - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07BUENOSAIRES406

_________________________________________

  • "the United States try to dictate"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "what Latin American countries should do"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "according to its own agenda"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

US Companies - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08BUENOSAIRES568

_________________________________________

  • "US embassy will continue to advocate aggressively"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "on behalf of US companies in Argentina"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "many of whom, while profitable"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "remain concerned of regulatory and tax regimes"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

PERU - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ PERU




-
Capital: Lima
| Population: 31.1 million



_________________________________________

Peruvian Foreign Policy - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05LIMA4377

_________________________________________

  • "under the Toledo Administration"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Peru's foreign policy has become more aligned with that of the United States"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "than it has probably been at any time since the 1968 Velasco coup"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while Peru continues to advocate policies that we disagree with"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "such as adherence to the International Criminal Court"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Kyoto Protocol"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "or the adoption of "innovative financial mechanisms""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

US Companies - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05LIMA2600

_________________________________________

  • "during a meeting with the Board Directors of the AmCham"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "which represents more than 400 US companies"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that produce 60 percent of Peru's GDP"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "US subcommittee staff director Walker encouraged representatives from large US companies"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to take an activist role in support of CAFTA [free trade deal]"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Foreign Minister Cuadros - US cable - 2005:
LINK ¤ 05LIMA2554

_________________________________________

  • "Rodriguez Cuadros expressed concern that the agricultural chapter of the FTA [free trade agreement]"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "would mortally wound traditional Andean producers"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Peru did not have the means to offer the sort of compensation"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Mexico had provided to domestic producers facing market opening under NAFTA"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Poverty - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05LIMA2720

_________________________________________

  • "poverty afflicts 52 percent of the population"

 

 

 

 


_________________________________________

  • "wealth and growth are concentrated in coastal cities"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "with rural sierra and jungle areas extremely poor and underdeveloped"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Peru is handicapped by a low quality educational system"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "recent studies by the Ministry of Health"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "argue that the price of medicines will increase substantially under an FTA"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Cajamarca - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07LIMA3075

_________________________________________

  • "Cajamarca's Yanacocha gold mine"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the largest open-pit gold mine in the world"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "has been the most visible and controversial example of the broader challenge to the mining sector"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "majority owned and operated by US-based Newmont Mining"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Yanacocha has been battered by protests that have forced it to curb investment and production"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Yanacocha's security chief admitted that the company made mistakes in the past"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • Father Arana: "social pressure has been the only effective tool in getting industry to respond to the community's needs"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Yanacocha's union leader Guillermo Nina complained about salaries and working conditions"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "both criticized Yanacocha's vast profits as unjust"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in the face of widespread poverty in the region"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Majaz Referendum against Mining - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07LIMA3217

_________________________________________

  • "the referendum is the latest event in two years of conflict between civil society and community groups"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that mining degrades the environment"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and hurts the poor"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Tintaya Mine - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05LIMA2115

_________________________________________

  • "Oxfam found that people had been forcibly ejected from the land"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the weak documentation of land ownership in the countryside"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "where country dwellers may have farmed land for generations without title to the same"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "BHP management in Australia moved to incorporate Oxfam and other local NGOs into the negotiations process"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to head off brewing problems in Tintaya that local management had ignored"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Privatization - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07LIMA221

_________________________________________

  • "Las Bambas, a copper deposit, was concessioned to Xstrata TLC"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a Swiss company, for US$ 121 million plus 19 percent VAT"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Bayovar, a state-owned phosphate rock deposit"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "was concessioned to a Brazilian company for a 3 percent royalty"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "British-owned Rio Tinto got a concession for the La Granja copper deposit for US$ 22 million"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the oil and gas leasing agency Petroperu granted 15 exploration concessions"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to foreign oil companies"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "8 to 5 US companies, along the northern coast and in the jungle"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Labor Leaders skeptical about FTA - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07LIMA884

_________________________________________

  • "labor leaders are "skeptical that the benefits of the Peru trade promotion agreement (PTPA)"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "would "trickle down" to the poor"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by favoring powerful producers over unprotected workers"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it would widen the gap between rich and poor"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Andean Glaciers - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08BRASILIA1341

_________________________________________

  • "accelerating glacier melt"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in the central Andean region of South America (Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, and Colombia)"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "is rapidly shrinking frozen water storage reservoirs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

CHILE - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ CHILE



- Capital: Santiago | Population: 18.1 million



_________________________________________

Michelle Bachelet
- US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06SANTIAGO2661

_________________________________________

  • "her administration's first budget emphasized"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "increased spending on education and health care"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we will continue to stress to her and her team the importance of innovation and investment"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "keys to the role we feel Chile should assume"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

US Trade
- US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08SANTIAGO938

_________________________________________

  • "the US had signed"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "12 FTA's in the region [free trade agreements]"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US were developing an initiative (now known as "pathways to prosperity" in the Americas)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to deepen economic engagement in the hemisphere"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Michelle Bachelet erneut Chiles Präsidentin - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "bei der Stichwahl um das Präsidentenamt in Chile"

 

_________________________________________

  • "hat die gemäßigte Sozialistin Michelle Bachelet einen historischen Sieg errungen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "es ist die Zeit für grundlegende Veränderungen gekommen"

 

_________________________________________

  • "das wird nicht einfach sein, aber wann war er schon einfach, die Welt zum Besseren zu verändern ?"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in ihren ersten 100 Tagen im Amt will sie 50 Reformen einleiten"

 

_________________________________________

  • "dazu zählt auch eine Anhebung der Unternehmenssteuern auf 25 Prozent"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

PARAGUAY - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ PARAGUAY



_________________________________________

Paraguay 'Coup' - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "President Fernando Lugo was impeached in a "parliamentary coup""

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the progressive leftwing leader is ousted by rightwing forces determined to halt policies that threaten their business interests"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the murder of 17 farmers, which was seized upon by the Colorado party as a pretext for the impeachment"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "happened as a result of a process of police violence instigated by big landowners discontented with President Lugo"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Lugo was elected in 2008 to govern a country where inequality is entrenched"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • a UN report said: "the scale of social exclusion reflected in high levels of poverty, inequality and discrimination in terms of ethnicity, gender, and language continue to undermine democratic citizenship and participation"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "38% of Paraguayans live in poverty, rising to 49% in rural areas, while 19% live in extreme poverty"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "figures that have worsened since the mid-1990s"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "under Lugo, a conditional cash transfer and family support programme"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "has resulted in an increase in the number of families receiving help"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "including new beneficiaries such as pensioners and people with disabilities - from 14,000 in 2008 to 112,000 by 2010"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in 2010, the Lugo government started a social protection system designed to alleviate extreme poverty"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "still further with public policies mainly aimed at the poorest areas"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the building of more than 500 family health units means 1.5 million more people are now covered by health services"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________
  • "what really upset the applecart was Lugo's stance on land reform"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in Paraguay, 2% of the population control more than 75% of the fertile land"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while small-scale farmers - about 40% of the population - own a mere 5%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "one-third of the rural population is landless"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "despite attempts to shift away from an agricultural and natural resource-based economy, the land remains the key to wealth and power in Paraguay, just as it has for hundreds of years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "when Lugo attempted to take on these powerful interests, violence erupted"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Lugo was the first president since 1946 not from the rightwing Colorado party, and only the fourth president voted for by this generation of Paraguayans"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________


- Capital: Asunción | Population: 7.0 million


_________________________________________

the dark Side of the Soy Boom - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07BRASILIA2184

_________________________________________

  • "Paraguay has become the world's fourth largest exporter of soy, behind the United States, Brazil and Argentina"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "according to the Agriculture Ministry, soy is grown on 2.4 million hectares of land"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and accounts for 38 percent of the country's agricultural production"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but that figure fails to reflect the social and environmental consequences of the expansion of soy cultivation"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the documentary "Soberania violada" (Violation of Sovereignty)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "produced by a Paraguayan team, portrays the drama of campesino (small farmer)"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "communities that experience the spread of soy plantations as a threat to their survival"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

President Lugo
- US cable - 2008:
LINK ¤ 08ASUNCION624

_________________________________________

  • "during dinner, which took place before the weekend rumors emerged regarding coup planning"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Lugo told US ambassador about a tape recording of former President Duarte and General Lino Oviedo"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "betting that Lugo will last only three to eight months in office"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Lugo, clearly a big picture thinker, told that when he leaves office, he hopes his legacy will be"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that he strengthened democracy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and made public institutions work"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "I don't want to get rich"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

URUGUAY - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ URUGUAY



- Capital: Montevideo | Population: 3.4 million



_________________________________________

Vazquez Administration - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06MONTEVIDEO230

_________________________________________

  • "President Vazquez' efforts to expand trade with the US"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "offer the United States a golden opportunity"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to send a message to the region"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that we favor pragmatic democratic governments"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while we recognize the limited influence of this small country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

President Vazquez - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06MONTEVIDEO229

_________________________________________

  • "the meeting helped confirm our previous positive assessments"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "concerning President Vazquez' intellect, common sense and sincere motives"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "embassy had helped to send him on an "international visitor" trip, when Vazquez was mayor of Montevideo"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • Vazquez joked: "oh, yes, they sent me to Baltimore, a city with many problems similar to Montevideo"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "when I applied some of the decentralization techniques"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "I learned from Baltimore's municipal government"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "I was later accused of setting up Bolshevik-style 'soviets'"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Vazquez on FTA - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06MONTEVIDEO306

_________________________________________

  • "Minister of Industry and Energy Lepra welcomed US ambassador to his home in order to allay US fears"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "over Vazquez' recent, public comments on an FTA [free trade agreement]"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US president's national security strategy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "our own Western Hemisphere strategy document"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and our agenda at the Summit of the America's"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "all list free trade at the top of our agenda"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Union Protection Law - US cable - 2006:
LINK ¤ 06MONTEVIDEO10

_________________________________________

  • "the law bans discrimination against workers for union activity"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "business interests reacted strongly against the proposal"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but the left-leaning administration passed the law"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Left using Human Rights to discredit us - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06MONTEVIDEO1179

_________________________________________

  • "the legacy of human rights abuses"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "committed during the 1973-84 dictatorship is not a new theme in Uruguay"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in the immediate post-dictatorship period, many writers and editors"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "accused the US of sponsoring "plan condor""

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and of complicity in the dictatorship's abuses"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "what is new is that the "Frente Amplio" ("Broad Front Party") is now in power and has the political and media resources"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to make the charges more uncomfortable for the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

SOUTH AMERICA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ SOUTH AMERICA

_________________________________________

  • "South America is a continent located in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean"

 

 

_________________________________________

South America - Map: LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA

______________________________________________________________________________





south america - 1433SA
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