Barddas






- the BARDDAS ! -

 

 

 

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  • "the "Barddas" of Iolo Morganwg - is a collection of writings !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "about Bardic - Druidic - and Celtic - wisdom !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "although the author of this work is cited as J. Williams Ab Ithel, he was actually the editor - who pieced it together from manuscripts written by Iolo Morganwg  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Morganwg spends his entire life collecting and transcribing - old documents !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this is one of those visionary texts - which is worth reading for its own merits !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this collection contains a great many of the rules and usages - appertaining to the Gorsedd of the Bards !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Throne - of the Bards !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and valuable fragments on the natural - and moral philosophy !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the theology of the Bardism - the Bardic Coelbren - and a vast quantity of Triads !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "every fragment that can be made public - is truly valuable !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "inasmuch as it is a moral - and sublime system !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that constitutes the very foundation of the worship - legislature - and scholastic institutes !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and is the living means of promoting learning and morality - among all classes of the Celtic people !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are some fragments in this collection which contain, as is very clear - to every initiated Bard !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "such as those extracts about the elements - the migration of the soul !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "from the point of nothing in "Annwn" - to the point of extreme good in Heaven !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are old dogmas !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is a valuable book - not only as aid in the management of the Gorsedd of the Bards !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but also, and especially - because the time is undoubtedly now !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "where every fragment of the Bardism - is treasured as gold !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Morganwg, or the Glamorgan system of versification, in preference to the twenty-four new canons of poetry - which are sanctioned at the famous "Eisteddvod"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "held at Caermarthen - under the patronage of Gruffydd ab Nicholas !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in reference to the Triad entitled - "Tri phrif anaw Beirdd Ynys Prydain"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "often it is not easy to understand, for example the word - "anaw"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it can signify both - an original genius - or a philosopher !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "referring to light in the Triad - there are three cognates: man - liberty - and light !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "man springs into existence - simultaneously with the resplendent appearance !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of the triple form - of God's name !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which is the first manifestation - of material light !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Bards Ieuan ab Hywel Swrdwal - Gwilym Tew - Lewys Morganwg - Meurig Davydd - Davydd Benwyn - Llywelyn Sion - Davydd Llwyd Mathew - and Edward Davydd !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "have compiled a whole system - ingenious, and complex !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and yet harmonious - and symmetrical !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we deny that the contents of these volumes could have been derived immediately from the metrical compositions - of the medieval poets !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are numerous allusions, which, otherwise obscure and unintelligible - become by means !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of the light thrown upon them from Bardism - as clear as day !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as an example, Rhys Brydydd has the following lines - on "Hu the Mighty":  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "long ago Hu the Mighty was not very big - as the world had judged"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the higher - inner values !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but now He is a great one - and like a lord to me !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "let us well believe - and our mysterious God !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Light His course - and active !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "let us deal - in bounty !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the philosophical features of Bardism are - indirect - and unexpected !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is difficult to explain why - "advyd"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a term signifying - re-world !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "or a beginning of the world - over again !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in common use also stands for - adversity !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Rhol Cof a Chyfrif" informs us that it is originally applied to the state - of retraversing abred !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "being a punishment - for sins !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "again, we find that the word - "gwydd"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "means both - wood - and knowledge !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which cannot be accounted for except on the supposition of a common origin - or that there is a mutual connection between the one and the other - from the earliest times on !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in like manner, the doctrine of eneidvaddeu alone can satisfactorily account for the double meaning of - "maddeu"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and show us how a word, which properly means to liberate - or to dismiss !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "comes also to signify to forgive !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the unity of the Godhead is the very soul - and centre of Bardism !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which also strongly insists upon the co-equality - of its orders !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 





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barddas - 0915BA
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