Monastery




Fontenay - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ FONTENAY
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  • "the Abbey of Fontenay is a former Cistercian abbey"

 

 

 

 

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  • "founded by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux in 1118, built in the Romanesque style"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is one of the oldest and most complete Cistercian abbeys in Europe"

 

 


 

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  • "of the original complex comprising church, dormitory, cloister, chapter house, caldarium, refectory, dovecote and forge, all remain intact except the refectory"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the spirit of Cistercian architecture is simple, utilitarian and self-sufficient"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Cistercian architectures are considered to be a bridge between Romanesque and Gothic architectures"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in all of the original buildings, neither the exteriors nor interiors are decorated"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "only light should enter the church"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Bernard of Clairvaux had inherited the Byzantine ideas"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that light is God"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Vézelay - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ VEZELAY
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  • "Vézelay Abbey was a Benedictine and Cluniac monastery in Vézelay in the Yonne department in northern Burgundy, France"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Benedictine abbey church of Ste-Marie-Madeleine"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with its complicated program of imagery in sculpted capitals and portals"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is one of the outstanding masterpieces of Romanesque art and architecture"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Vézelay stands at the beginning of one of the four major routes through France for pilgrims going to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Vézelay Abbey - Sacred Destinations: LINK ¤ SACRED DESTINATIONS

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  • "dating primarily from the early 12th century"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Basilica of St. Mary Magdalene has a Romanesque nave and Gothic choir"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "both full of light"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the measurements of the church were carefully chosen to create a spectacular effect in the nave twice a year"

 

 

 

 

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  • "at midday on the summer solstice, nine pools of sunlight fall upon the exact center of the nave"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "forming a path of light leading to the altar"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at midday on the winter solstice, the pools of light fall on the upper capitals of the north arcade"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the basilica is famed for its remarkable Romanesque sculptures"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that adorn the tympanums (semicircular arch over the door) and capitals (decorated pillar tops)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the "Mystic Mill," the highest quality and most interesting"

 

 

 

 

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  • "shows a man grinding grain into flour, which an other man solemnly collects in a sack"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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San Francesco d'Assisi
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ SAN FRANCESCO

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  • "the Papal Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Order of Friars Minor"

 

 

 

 

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  • "known as the Franciscan Order - in Assisi, Italy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the city where St. Francis was born and died"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the basilica, which was begun in 1228, is built into the side of a hill and comprises two churches known as the Upper Church and the Lower Church"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Upper and Lower Churches are decorated with frescoes by numerous late medieval painters from the Roman and Tuscan schools"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and include works by Giotto"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Maulbronn - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ MAULBRONN

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  • "Maulbronn Monastery is the best-preserved medieval Cistercian monastery complex in Europe"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is situated on the outskirts of Maulbronn, Germany"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the monastery was founded in 1147 under the auspices of the first Cistercian pope, Eugenius III"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the main church, built in a style transitional from Romanesque to Gothic, was consecrated in 1178"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "infirmary, refectory, cellar, auditorium, porch, south cloister, hall, another refectory, forge, inn, cooperage, mill, and chapel - followed in the 13th century"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Heiligenkreuz
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ HEILIGENKREUZ

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  • "Heiligenkreuz Abbey is a Cistercian monastery in the southern part of the Vienna woods in Lower Austria"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is the oldest continuously occupied Cistercian monastery in the world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the monastery was founded in 1133 by Margrave St. Leopold III of Austria"

 

 

 

 

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  • "its first twelve monks together with their abbot, Gottschalk, came from the Cistercian monastery of Morimond in Burgundy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the abbey church of Heiligenkreuz combines two styles of architecture"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the façade, naves and the transept (dedicated 1187) are Romanesque, while the choir is Gothic (13th century)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the abbey has been an important Austrian centre for music for more than 800 years"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gregorian chant"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tenryu-ji
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ TENRYU-JI

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  • "Tenryu-ji is the head temple of the Tenryu branch of Rinzai Zen Buddhism"

 

 

 

 

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  • "located in Susukinobaba-cho, Kyoto, Japan"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the temple was founded by Ashikaga Takauji in 1339, primarily to venerate Gautama Buddha"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the temple prospered as the most important Rinzai temple in Kyoto, the temple grounds grew to roughly 330,000 square meters in size"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the garden, created by Muso Soseki"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "features a circular promenade around Sogen Pond and is designated"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a special place of scenic beauty of Japan"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tenryu-ji








 

 


 



 





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MONASTERY
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ MONASTERY

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  • "monastery denotes the building, or complex of buildings, comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics"

 

 

 

 

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  • "whether monks or nuns, and whether living in communities or alone (hermits)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the monastery includes a place reserved for prayer"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which may be a chapel, church or temple"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a monastery complex typically comprises a number of buildings which include a church, dormitory, cloister, refectory, library, balneary and infirmary"

 

 

 

 

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  • "these may include a hospice, a school and a range of agricultural and manufacturing buildings"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "monasteries are important contributors to the surrounding community"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are centres of intellectual progression and education"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they welcome aspiring priests to come study and learn, allowing them to challenge doctrine in dialogue with superiors"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since monasteries offer respite for weary pilgrim travellers, monks are obligated also to care for their injuries or emotional needs"

 

 

 

 

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  • "over time, lay people started to make pilgrimages to monasteries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since that time, they have sizeable libraries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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