Stonehenge




Stonehenge: Explanations
- Discovery:
LINK ¤ DISCOVERY

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  • "was the prehistoric monument built to unite a land, or a destination to heal the sick ?"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "recent research supports both ideas"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "although it’s one of the world’s most famous monuments, the prehistoric stone circle known as Stonehenge remains shrouded in mystery"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "built on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, Stonehenge was constructed in several stages between 3000 and 1500 BC, spanning the Neolithic Period to the Bronze Age"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "its massive scale suggests that Stonehenge was vitally important to the ancient peoples who built it"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after centuries of puzzling over the meaning of Stonehenge, laser-equipped researchers have concluded that the prehistoric monument was built to show off the solstices"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was the intent of Stonehenge's builders to align the monument with the two solstices along a north-east/south-west axis"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "located in the county of Wiltshire, at the center of England's densest complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stonehenge has been the subject of myth, legend and - more recently - scientific research"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the mysterious circle of large standing stones has been interpreted"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a temple for sun worship"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a temple of the ancient Druids"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a healing center"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a huge calendar"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stonehenge was a destination to which the sick traveled from around Europe to be healed by its magical powers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "archaeologists located the quarry where the bluestones, which form Stonehenge's inner circle, were cut around 2500 BC"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they discovered a "small crag-edged promontory with a stone bank across its neck" at one of the highest points of Carn Menyn, a mountain in the Preseli Hills of Pembrokeshire, in southwest Wales"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the site, which measures less than half a hectare, is characterized by numerous prone pillar stones with clear signs of working"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the bluestones weighed about four tons and were between six and nine feet in height and would have been transported 240 miles to the famous site at Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "because they harbor great powers"

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Temple of the Light ! - London Toolkit: LINK ¤ TOOLKIT

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  • "Stonehenge was built by the Neolithic people about 4.5 thousand years ago"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Neolithic people were the first people to practice agriculture in the British Isles, around 4,000 BC. This meant that groups were able to have permanent settlements"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for the first time people acted as a community"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "henges began to be built by the Neolithic people after around 3,000 BC"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "henges were built all over the British Isles, today there are around 1,000 henges known off and new ones being uncovered on a regular basis"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are similar but not exactly the same structures found in other ancient civilisations elsewhere in the world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they were sacred areas where ceremonies took place"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a ceremonial route led up to the henges entrance"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "when you are at Stonehenge standing by the Heel Stone on the raised walkway and look away from the henge"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "you can just make out the parallel lines of the ditch that marks the edges of this ceremonial route"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stonehenge was not built overnight. This was a project that was built over decades by the Neolithic people"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the bluestones, the first stones to arrive at Stonehenge are thought to have been rearranged at least four times within a period about 400 years between 2,400 and 2,000 BC"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the bluestones come from the Preseli Hills in north Pembrokeshire in Wales, one of the mysteries is how they got to Stonehenge, a journey of around 200 miles"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the bluestones, originally 60 of them, weigh about 6 tons"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the large stones at Stonehenge are the Sarsen Stones. The Sarsen Stones came from the Marlborough Downs, twenty miles north of Stonehenge near Avebury henge"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Sarsen Stones are absolutely huge ! - the size of some of the bigger ones is 8ft wide by 5ft thick and 25ft long, and the weight varies from 20 - 30 Tons"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Sarsen stones are arranged in a great circle with the largest Sarsens (the Trilithons) within that circle in a horseshoe shape"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the horseshoe shaped Trilithons have their open end facing the entrance to the henge. The Altar Stone is within the horseshoe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the entrance to Stonehenge is broadly at the north east point of the henge. Here just outside the henge is the Heel Stone"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the summer solstice sun rises over the Heel Stone, seen from the centre of Stonehenge at the Altar Stone"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the midwinter solstice the setting sun sinks between the two uprights of the largest trilithon and behind the altar stone symbolising the death of the year and the birth of a new year ahead"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are many other stellar correlation's as well as the sun and moon alignments at Stonehenge"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the numbers of stones in some of the stone sets correspond to the numbers of days between a full moon, and the number of years in a lunar cycle and can be used to track the lunar cycle"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a number of ley lines crisscross in the centre of Stonehenge"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "ley lines are a natural magnetic phenomena that cross the countryside"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "ancient monuments often are sited at the intersection of such ley lines"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "even in Saxon times, non pagan churches were built on a ley line. If you see a church aligned say north-south instead of the traditional east-west, the odds are that a ley line runs straight down the aisle"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stonehenge was used to measure the lunar cycle, which is around 18 solar years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "originally there were four station stones, resembling the four corners of a rectangle in layout"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "no evidence of human sacrifice has been uncovered at Stonehenge so its name is misleading"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Stonehenge - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ STONEHENGE

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  • "radiocarbon dating of the site indicates that the building of the monument at the site began around the year 3100 BC and ended around the year 1600 BC"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stonehenge was an ancient pilgrimage site"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the magical qualities of this place transformed the monument and made it a place of pilgrimage in the Neolithic world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "radio-carbon dating places the construction of the circle of bluestones at between 2400-2200 BC"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but they discovered charcoals dating 7000 BC, showing human activity in the site"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a study by researchers at the Royal College of Art, London, has shown that the bluestones have been attractive for their acoustic properties"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "estimates of the manpower needed to build Stonehenge put the total effort involved at millions of hours of work. Stonehenge 1 probably needed around 11,000 man-hours (or 460 man-days) of work"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stonehenge 2 around 360,000 (15,000 man-days or 41 years). The various parts of Stonehenge 3 may have involved up to 1.75 million hours (73,000 days or 200 years) of work"

 

 

 

 

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  • "(20 million man-hours means that 10,000 men working on the site for 20 days each year, for 8 hours per day, could have completed it in 12.5 years)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "certainly, the will to produce such a site must have been strong"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and an advanced social organization would have been necessary to build and maintain it"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the ley lines are to be in alignment with various traditional sacred sites around the country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is a curious symmetry about the positioning of the three Perpetual Choirs in Britain"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stonehenge and Llantwit Major are equidistant from Glastonbury, some 38.9 miles away, and two straight lines drawn on the map from Glastonbury to the other two choirs form an angle of 144 degrees"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the axis of Glastonbury Abbey points toward Stonehenge, and there is some evidence that it was built on a stretch on ancient trackway which once ran between the two Choirs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stonehenge had an astronomical and ritual role within a wider landscape of sacred sites"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the site had spiritual significance attached to it"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in terms of structure, Stonehenge can be compared with certain megalithic complexes developed, in other cultures, from a sacred area: temples and cities"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a sacred place that affords communication with Heaven"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that is, with God"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "worship of a Great Goddess, and spirits"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is a mirror of the world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 




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stonehenge - 0919SH
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