Templar










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  • "the Order of the Templars - also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply as Templars !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "was founded in 1119 - and recognised in 1139 by papal bull "Omne Datum Optimum" of the Holy See"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the order, which was among the wealthiest and most powerful  ! - became a favoured charity - and grew rapidly in membership and power  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Templars were famous for their white mantles with a red cross - managed a large economic infrastructure, and developed innovative financial techniques"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Templars built their own network of nearly 1,000 commanderies across Europe - and the Holy Land !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in 1119, the French knight Hugues de Payens approached King Baldwin II of Jerusalem, and proposed creating a monastic order for the protection of the pilgrims  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the king granted the Templars a headquarters in a wing of the royal palace on the Temple Mount"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Temple Mount had a mystique because it was above the ruins of the Temple of Solomon  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "from this location the new order took the name of "Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon", or "Templar" knights  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Templars had a powerful advocate in Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, a leading Church figure  ! - the French abbot primarily responsible for the founding of the Cistercian Order of monks  ! - and a nephew of André de Montbard, one of the founding Templars"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Bernard put his weight behind them - and wrote persuasively on their behalf in the letter "in Praise of the New Knighthood"  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and in 1129, at the Council of Troyes, he led a group of leading churchmen to officially approve and endorse the order"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with this formal blessing, the Templars became a favoured charity - receiving money, land, businesses, and noble-born sons  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "another major benefit came in 1139, when Pope Innocent II's papal bull "Omne Datum Optimum" exempted the order from obedience to local laws  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this ruling meant that the Templars could pass freely through all borders, were not required to pay any taxes, and were exempt from all authority  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the order grew rapidly  ! - the order managed the financial infrastructure - and the Templar Order was given control of wealth beyond direct donations  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "accumulating wealth in this manner throughout Europe and the Outremer  ! - the order in 1150 began generating letters of credit for pilgrims"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it improved the safety of pilgrims - and also contributed to the Templar coffers  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "based on this mix of donations and business dealing, the Templars established financial networks across the whole of Europe  !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they acquired large tracts of land, both in Europe and the Middle East - they bought and managed farms and vineyards  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they built massive stone castles - they were involved in manufacturing, import and export - they had their own fleet of ships"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and for example, the king Philipp IV. was deeply in debt to the Templars' order  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • there are strong indications, that the Templars supported the cathedrals in France !!! - ( Chartres from 1194 on  ! - then Reims, Amiens, Beauvais, Laon, ...  ! )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • it is very likely that there are some connections  ! - and this connections can be very great  !

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ( and that the builders and architects, who were most likely both at the same time  ! - ( everything is a unified whole !!! ))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ( are based on a Celtic conception of the world  ! - ( in the architectural history there is the term: "Celtic sculpture"  ! - there has to be something more  ! ))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- for architects in this days, it is nearly inconceivable - that this was possible anyway  !

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • all this cathedrals were been built - seen in the light of history - at the same time !!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • there was no "trial and error"  ! - the builders/architects knew what they were doing  !!! - what they were looking for  !!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • and each single cathedral is - in its own way - totally perfect !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • how in God's name could this be possible  ?! - the builders/architects had a Celtic conception of the world !!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ( a tradition which was transmitted over the centuries  !! - ( there is often the term: "Celtic builders"  ! ))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- so, what does this Celtic conception of the world look like  ?!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • nearly all cathedrals have a west/east orientation  ! - the main parts are orientated to the east !!! - to the light !!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ( and are most often standing on a very old - "holy" - site !!!!!!! )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • commonly, the main entrence is on the west side - with strong narrative figures  ! - one is entering another world !!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • commonly, the interior ground floor is massive  ! - this is the human level - with walls  !

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • and above is "Heaven"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • one is standing in a part of "Heaven"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • it is a place, where there is a contact between our world !!! - and the world which is lying above us !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • where this two worlds meet !!!!!!!!!!! - and touch !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- the interior is orientated to the light !!!!!!!!!! - in other words: to the "Life"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • one is grateful, and thankful to the "Life"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • one is praising and lauding the "Life"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • one is praising the one "God"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • and one is offering sacrifices for the "Life"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ( in the past this was likely also material  ( water, the harvest )  -  but immaterial sacrifices should be enough  ! )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • (( this means, the practice of a "Christian" faith - was one possibility to honour the cathedrals !!!!! ))

 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Order of the Templars
- Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ ORDER TEMPLARS


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