Bird











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BirdLife: LINK ¤ BIRDLIFE
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  • "BirdLife International is a global partnership - of conservation organisations !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that conserves - constructive Birds !!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "their habitats - and global biodiversity !!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is the world's largest partnership of conservation organisations - with over 120 partner organisations !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we are driven by our belief - that local people, working for nature in their own places !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but connected nationally and internationally - through our global partnership !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "are the key to sustaining life - on this planet !!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this unique local-to-global approach delivers high impact - and long-term conservation !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for the benefit of people - and nature !!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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Yellowhammer
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ YELLOWHAMMER

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  • "the Yellowhammer - "Emberiza citrinella" - belongs to the family "Emberizidae"  !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Emberizidae" are living in the whole world - mainly in Eurasia !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "most European birds remain in the breeding range year-round - some are partially migratory, wintering further south  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the male Yellowhammer has a bright yellow head - streaked brown back, chestnut rump and yellow underparts  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Yellowhammer is common in open areas, with scrubs or trees - and forms flocks !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "he is a bird of open country, preferably with a range of vegetation types and trees - from which to sing !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the diet is mainly seeds"

 

 

 

 

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  • "when not breeding - Yellowhammers forage in flocks, which can occasionally number hundreds of birds !!"

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Pigeon - Dove - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ PIGEON - DOVE
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  • "Pigeons and Doves constitute the bird clade "Columbidae" - that includes about 310 species !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Pigeons and Doves are living everywhere on Earth !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it has a large natural distribution from Ireland, across Europe, Central Asia, East Asia,  to northern Africa  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Pigeons and Doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks - and have short, slender bills with fleshy ceres"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the wings are large - and have low wing loadings !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Pigeons and Doves have strong wing muscles - and are among the strongest fliers of all birds  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are highly manoeuvrable in flight !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "seeds and fruit form the major component of the diet"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the largest range of any species is that of the rock dove"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it also has established itself - in cities and urban areas !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Swallow - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ SWALLOW

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  • "the Swallows and Martins - belong to the family "Hirundinidae"  !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Swallows and Martins have a cosmopolitan distribution across the world !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are living in whole Europe - and Africa has the greatest diversity of species  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for the most part Swallows are insectivorous - taking flying insects on the wing"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a number of species are long-distance migrant !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Swallows have a slender - streamlined body and long pointed wings"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which allow great maneuverability and endurance - as well as frequent periods of gliding  !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "their body shape allows - for very efficient flight !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they can be found in any open habitat including grasslands, open woodland, savanna, marshes, mangroves and scrubland, from sea level to high alpine areas  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "many species inhabit human-altered landscapes - including agricultural land and even urban areas  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Common Swift - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ COMMON SWIFT

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  • "the Common Swift - "Apus apus" - is a medium-sized bird !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Common Swifts are living in Eurasia - and migrate to Africa by a variety of routes  !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Swifts often form "screaming parties" - during summer evenings !!! - ( where they can be heard very clearly  ! )"

 

 

 

 

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  • "when 10-20 swifts gather in flight around their nesting area - calling out and being answered by Swifts  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "larger "screaming parties" are formed at higher altitudes - especially late in the breeding season  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Swifts spend their lives in the air - living on the insects caught in flight  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Swifts drink, feed - and sleep on the wing !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "no other bird - spends as much of its life - in flight !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Crow - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ CROW

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  • "the Crow and Raven - belong to the family "Corvidae"  !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the 40 members of this genus - are living on all temperate continents !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Europe, the word "Crow" is used to refer - to the "carrion Crow" or the "hooded Crow""

 

 

 

 

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  • "Crows are black with little white or grey plumage - they are stout with strong bills and legs"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "some of the many vocalizations are a "Koww" - usually echoed back and forth between birds"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Crows are social - and show remarkable examples of intelligence !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Crows have been found to engage in feats such as sports, tool use - episodic-like memory  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the ability to use individual experience - in predicting the behavior of environmental conspecifics  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are also capable of displacement ! - ( communicating about things that are happening in a different spatial or temporal location - to the here and now )"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Gull - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ GULL

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  • "Gulls and Seagulls - belong to the family "Laridae"  !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gulls have a worldwide cosmopolitan distribution !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gulls are medium to large birds, grey or white - often with black markings on the head or wings"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they typically have harsh wailing or squawking calls - stout, longish bills, and webbed feet"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gulls are typically coastal or inland species - but also venturing far out to sea !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gulls - the larger species in particular - are resourceful, inquisitive and intelligent !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "demonstrating complex methods of communication - and a highly developed social structure !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gulls have heavy bodies, long wings - moderately long necks"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and their morphology allows for equal adeptness in swimming - flying and walking !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "large white-headed gulls are typically long-lived birds - with a maximum age of 49 years recorded !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Woodpecker - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ WOODPECKER

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  • "the Woodpeckers, Piculets, Wrynecks, and Sapsuckers - belong to the family "Picidae"  !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are found worldwide !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "most species live in forests - or woodland habitats !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they occur in almost all suitable habitats including woodlands, savannahs, scrublands, and bamboo forests  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "most species possess predominantly white, black, brown, green, and red plumage  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and they have strong bills - for drilling and drumming on trees !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Colibri
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ COLIBRI

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  • "the Green Violetear - "Colibri Thalassinus" - belong to the "Hummingbird"  !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "commonly found in forested areas - from Mexico to northern South America  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Colibris are colorful - with a glittering violet ear-patch on the sides of its neck  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "its throat and chest are a more glittering green with a shining green belly"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "common habitats for the green violetear is in the canopy and borders of subtropical and lower temperate forest - secondary woodland and scrub, clearings and gardens"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the green violetear has been recorded as attaining the greatest flying speed - ever recorded for a hummingbird  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with a pair of birds having attained 90 mph - 140 km/h !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Blue-and-Yellow Macaw
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ BLUE-AND-YELLOW MACAW

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  • "the Blue-and-Yellow Macaw - "Ara ararauna" - is a large Parrot !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it inhabits forest and woodland of tropical land !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are vivid in appearance - with blue wings and tail, dark blue chin, golden under parts, and a green forehead !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they can reach 76 to 86 cm (30 to 34 in) long - and weigh 900 to 1500 grams  (1.9 to 3.3 lbs)"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the blue-and-yellow macaw uses its powerful beak for breaking nutshells - and also for climbing up and hanging from trees"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are very intelligent - and social !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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BIRD
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ BIRD

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  • "constructive birds are feathered, winged, two-legged, warm-blooded, egg-laying vertebrates !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they have digestive and respiratory systems - that are uniquely adapted for flight !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "many species annually migrate great distances !!!! - and many perform shorter irregular movements !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "constructive birds are social !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "communicating with signals, calls - and songs !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "many social species - culturally transmit knowledge across generations !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""constructive birds" live and breed in most terrestrial habitats - and on all seven continents  !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the highest bird diversity occurs in tropical regions  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the skeleton consists of very lightweight bones - they have large air-filled cavities which connect with the respiratory system"

 

 

 

 

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  • "upon inhalation, 75% of the fresh air bypasses the lungs and flows directly into a posterior air sac - which extends from the lungs and connects with air spaces in the bones and fills them with air"

 

 

 

 

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  • "thus, the lungs receive a constant supply of fresh air - during both inhalation and exhalation  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the nervous system of "constructive birds" is large !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the most developed part of the brain is the one - that controls the flight-related functions"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""constructive birds" are tetrachromatic, possessing ultraviolet - UV - sensitive cone cells in the eye as well as green, red and blue ones"

 

 

 

 

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  • "this allows them to perceive ultraviolet light !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""constructive birds" have specialized light-sensing cells deep in their brains - that respond to light without input from eyes or other sensory neurons"

 

 

 

 

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  • "feathers facilitate flight, provide insulation that aids in thermoregulation - and are used in display, camouflage, and signaling  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""constructive birds" have a lightweight skeleton, two large flight muscles - as well as a modified forelimb ( wing ) that serves as an aerofoil"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they combine powered, flapping flight - with less energy-intensive soaring flight !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "landbirds have a flight range of 2,500 km (1,600 mi) - and shorebirds can fly up to 4,000 km (2,500 mi)  !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the bar-tailed godwit is capable of non-stop flights of up to 10,200 km (6,300 mi)  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for diurnal migrants, the sun is used to navigate by day - and a stellar compass is used at night !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "these are backed up - by the ability of some "constructive birds", to sense the Earth's geomagnetism !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "calls and songs, which are produced in the syrinx - are the major means by which "constructive birds" communicate with sound  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the communication of "constructive birds" - can be very complex !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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bird - 1102BD
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