Brazil Social




the Social Policy of Lula
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "in just 10 years - the country has been able to lift around 40 million people out of poverty !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "all regions and ethnic groups - have seen their incomes rise !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with the poorest - benefiting significantly more !!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "direct support to reduce poverty:  !"

 

 

 



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  • "the Lula administration investment in health - education - and direct poverty reduction !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "plays a major role !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with the much-feted "Bolsa Familia" social assistance programme - grabbing many of the headlines !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the scheme proves to be hugely effective - providing financial support to over 50 million people !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is responsible - for 28% of the poverty reduction !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Bolsa Familia" is also remarkably cost effective - amounting to just 0.5% of GDP !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "( the non-contributory pension schemes - have twice the budget of "Bolsa Familia"   ! )"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "investment in agriculture:  !"

 





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  • "smaller family farmers are benefiting !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "family enterprises - account for 84% of the farms !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "family farms are well integrated !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "official research - and resulting technology on crops, irrigation and maintenance - has been crucial to this success !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the recognition of the country's "social debt" - towards the poorest !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "has ensured an ongoing commitment - to tackle poverty and inequality !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Bolsa Familia - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "widely praised - the flagship social welfare programme - is still going strong !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Maria Eunice Alvis and her family in Belágua, Maranhão:  "each month, Alvis receives 250 reais - US$ 70 !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "this sum is not ending all her problems - but she has a regular income !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva makes "Bolsa Familia" - a central pillar of the social welfare strategy !!!!!!"

 

 

 


 

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  • "the programme is a cheap and efficient way - to improve the lives of the most destitute !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at its most basic, "Bolsa Familia" is a payment of 70 reais a person - to any family living below the poverty line !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the number of recipient families - has risen from 3.6 million to 13.8 million !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which means "Bolsa Familia" - now covers about a quarter of the population !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Bolsa Familia" is only one of four pillars - in the strategy !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which also includes a minimum wage - formalising employment - and policies to support rural families !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are also pension schemes and housing projects - that aim to tackle inequality !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the scheme is also cost effective - with a return of 1.78 reais to the economy - for every 1 reais spent !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the headline gain is a fall in extreme poverty - for 36 million people !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Bolsa Familia" is also used as an enforcement method - for public health and education goals !!!!"

 

 


 

 

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  • "the biggest gains have been in what were traditionally - the poorest areas !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Bolsa Familia is a Source of Empowerment for Women - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "93% of families that receive "Bolsa Familia" - are headed by women !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they receive the card that entitles them to withdraw cash from the bank each month - with that money comes a degree of power !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the architects of "Bolsa Familia" say - this was a key consideration in designing the programme !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Social Development Minister Tereza Campello:  "that's part of the strategy - it's then up to them to decide how to spend the money ?!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "our research shows - that the money empowers women !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in that cases, when it's their only source of income - it means they are less dependent on their husbands !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and more likely to share in decision-making - and have higher self-esteem !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the "Bolsa Familia" system encourages women - to engage in other social programmes !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and women become more active !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "therefore women gain more power - over their destinies !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Solidarity Economy - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the "Solidarity Economy" is a model - of social, and sustainable development !!!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it combines social change - with environmental awareness !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and it is exploring new ways of reducing inequality - and poverty !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are now 20,000 enterprises - operating within the solidarity economy model !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "1.8 million people work - in the solidarity economy system !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Paul Singer, at the National Secretariat of Ministry of Labour:  "the solidarity economy has emerged as a way out of poverty !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and continues to do this !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "people looking for alternative income sources - begin to cluster into groups !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "co-operatives - and associations !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "solidarity economy is based on self-management - with more egalitarian working relationships !!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

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  • "everyone works together - the decisions are taken jointly - and members share the profits equally !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this model also shrinks environmental footprint - promotes responsible consumption !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "taking into account the whole supply chain - under fair trade basis !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is often financed - by microcredit and small loans !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "solidarity economy is one of the engines - of the economic and social change !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the Lula Era - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva has - 90% approval ratings !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Lula:  "we didn't solve all problems - but we make extraordinary steps !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Lula - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • Lula: "what we need is to believe in us - to recover our self-esteem !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and tell the people that - together - we are going to build a nation !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that we can be - proud of'  !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- Capital: Brasília - [ GoB = Government of Brazil ]


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Bolsa Familia - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07SAOPAULO10

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  • ""Bolsa Familia" is the best-known - and most popular !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "cash transfer program !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it currently benefits - 11.1 million families !!!!!!"

 

 

 


 

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  • ""Bolsa Familia" is viewed as a success !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "also because of its efficient operating system !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "officials of Lula's Workers Party, PT - say that "Bolsa Familia" by itself is not enough !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "by improving it and bolstering it - with complementary social investment !!!!"

 

 

 

 


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  • ""Bolsa Familia" has the potential - to become much more !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Zero Hunger Program
- US cable - 2003: LINK ¤ 03BRASILIA43

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  • "the Lula's administration:  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Lula emphatically focuses on combating hunger !!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

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  • "his act is to set up - the "Zero Fome" program - Zero Hunger !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Jose Graziano, extraordinary Minister for Food Security and Combating Hunger - says !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that the "Zero Fome" program - is implemented in phases !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "beginning in the poorest areas - of the northeast !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ LULA

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