Ecuador Cables




Ecuador Report
- BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Ecuador is a patchwork of ethnic, regional and racial identities - a complex legacy of its indigenous and colonial past"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it won independence from Spain in the early 19th century"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "traditionally a farming country, Ecuador's economy was transformed after the 1960s by the discovery of oil"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but not all Ecuadorans have benefited from oil revenues !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the traditionally dominant Spanish-descended elite gained far more !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "than indigenous peoples and those of mixed descent"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by the end of the 20th century a combination of factors, including falling oil prices and damage caused by the weather phenomenon El Nino, had driven the economy into recession"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "current leader Rafael Correa has been elected for a third term and has introduced sweeping left-wing policies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ecuador is the world's top banana exporter"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ecuador has many geographical zones"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they include Andean peaks, tropical rainforests and the volcanic Galapagos Islands"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the Chevron Court Case - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "their lives smell of oil"

 

 

 

 

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  • "these are the words that Ecuadorian lawyer Juan Pablo Saenz used to describe the living conditions of his clients"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "30,000 residents of the Oriente in the Ecuadorian Amazon who say, that oil giant Texaco"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since bought out by Chevron - dumped 18bn gallons of toxic waste in their region !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Friends of the Earth reported: "death, miscarriages and birth defects cut a swathe through communities"

 

 

 

 

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  • "threatening some indigenous groups with extinction"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the destruction of the rainforest environment, noted for its biodiversity, was similarly devastating"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since 1993, lawyers have been representing Ecuadorians in a bid to obtain compensation from Chevron"

 

 

 

 

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  • "for the damage to their homes and health"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in 2011, an Ecuadorian court ruled in their favour"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and demanded Chevron pay US$ 19bn in restitution !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ecuador's supreme court later reduced the damages to US$ 9.5bn but upheld the original ruling"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is a lesson, about the incandescent response of multinational corporations - to any questioning of them"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and it is a reminder how little the voices of campesinos ( peasant farmers ) and indigenous people in Latin America"

 

 

 

 

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  • "seem to count in the eyes of the companies that want to make use of their land"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in 1995, Chevron agreed to clean up the contaminated sites"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in return for the Ecuadorian Government dropping proceedings against the company"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but Chevron simply threw dirt on top of unlined oil pits !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that the company used to store permanently left-over oil"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and chemically laced production water that later leeched into the underground water supply"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it should be noted that Judge Alberto Guerra, its star witness"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "has admitted, that Chevron paid him US$ 48,000 "for physical evidence" of bribery !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as well as travel expenses for his and his son's families to flee Ecuador, attorneys fees"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and committed to pay him US$ 12,000 per month for living expenses in the US for two years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as part of its offensive it has subpoenaed more than 100 email accounts"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including those of environmental activists and journalists !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it recently filed court documents, against a political cartoonist"

 

 

 

 

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  • "as it was concerned by "real, immediate, and direct" injuries resulting from the Ecuadorian judgment"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "one could be forgiven for assuming America's third-largest corporation could withstand some light satire"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but Chevron seems determined, to view itself as the victim"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Ecuadorian lawyer Juan Pablo Saenz:

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this is about the people suffering !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the destruction of the Ecuadorian Amazon !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chevron fined US$ 8bn over Amazon Contamination - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "an Ecuadorian judge has ruled"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that Chevron was responsible for widespread contamination of the country's Amazon basin !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and fined the company US$ 8bn !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the epic and bitterly fought lawsuit has been going on for 18 years"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was brought on behalf of 30,000 people whose health and environment were damaged"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by chemical-laden waste water, dumped by Texaco's operations from 1972 to 1990"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Chevron bought Texaco in 2001"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "more than 30bn gallons of toxic wastes and crude oil had been discharged into the land !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and waterways of Ecuador's Amazon basin - or "Oriente""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this compares to the 10.8m gallons spilled in the "Exxon Valdez" disaster in 1989 in Alaska"

 

 

 

 

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  • "or 205m gallons spilt in BP's "Deepwater Horizon" disaster"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ecuador expels US Military Staff - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Ecuador has ordered all 20 defense department employees"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the US embassy's military group to leave the country, by month's end"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "President Rafael Correa complained that Washington had too many military officers in Ecuador"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Correa's Government said it was asking the US agency for international development [ usaid ]"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to end operations in the country - accusing it of backing the opposition !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he also ended an agreement with Washington that allowed US flights to be based at the Ecuadorean airfield in Manta"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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-
Capital: Quito - [ GoE = Government of Ecuador
]


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President Correa - US cable - 2010: LINK ¤ 10QUITO25

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  • "today, this country's economic policy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is decided exclusively by Ecuadorians ! - the owners of this country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "without interferences from any class, be it foreign powers, transnational companies, international bureaucracies, and foundations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "who want to do in our countries, what they could not do in their own"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ecuador's Foreign Policy - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO160

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  • "Secretary Foreign Affairs Orbe described Ecuadorian foreign policy"

 

 

 

 

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  • "as seeking good relations with all countries !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "particularly those in Latin America - but also with developed countries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he stressed, that ties ( including those with the US ) must be developed"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the basis of shared interests !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in strengthening democracy - promoting development !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "increasing employment, reducing inequality ! - and treating migrants humanely"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Orbe cited the will of the Ecuadorian people who voted against pro-FTA candidates [ "free trade" agreement ]"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that commercial agreements must be concluded on new terms !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Rights of the Environment in Ecuador's new Constitution - US
cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08QUITO913

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  • "Nature - or "Pachamama" ( a Quechua word for "Earth Mother" )"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is given explicit rights to exist and be maintained !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the central Government will be responsible for limiting activities"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that may contribute to the destruction of species or ecosystems"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Constitution creates a new Environmental Prosecutor's Office ( "Defensoria" )"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to manage claims of environmental damage"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Constitution specifically identifies "strategic sectors" to include energy in all forms"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "non-renewable natural resources, water, and biodiversity !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "all forms of privatization of water are prohibited !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "public or community agencies may allocate water resources for consumption, agriculture, nature, or productive uses"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ecuador's new Trade and Development - US
cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO390

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  • "Ecuadorian Government officials have made statements suggesting Ecuador will seek"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a new type of commercial agreement with the US !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this "trade agreement for development" should include"

 

 

 

 

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  • "political dialogue and cooperation components ! - in addition to trade"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and should incorporate numerous trade protections for "sovereignty" !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Foreign Minister Falconi: a new type of "asymmetrical" trade agreement"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ecuador wanted agreements, that incorporate food sovereignty !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "financial sovereignty, and public policy sovereignty !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Investment Treaties - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO973

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  • "in evaluating investment dispute claims, new concepts should be considered !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that are: standards related to the pre-establishment of investment"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "environmental impact ! - post-establishment of investment"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the defense of human rights !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the fulfillment of National Development Plan objectives"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "corporate social responsibility, and anticorruption norms !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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local Pharmaceutical Production - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO998

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  • "under the new public tender process"

 

 

 

 

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  • "only national pharmaceutical suppliers will be able to participate in an initial bidding round !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "should the Government be unable to fulfill all of its requirements through the initial bid"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a second round will be held in which foreign suppliers will be able to participate"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • President Correa: "intellectual property is a mechanism for development for the people !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this is our vision of intellectual property"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is not a mechanism to enrich the pharmaceutical, or agrochemical companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Correa's Inauguration for 2nd Presidential Term - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO716

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  • "a few days ago, the last foreign soldier that was in our territory went back to his country"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and we had the satisfaction of announcing to Ecuadorians"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that we had recovered our territorial sovereignty !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which in a moment of surrender was mutilated in favor of another government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "whose goals are not necessarily those advocated in public !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ecuador withdraws from World Bank's ICSID
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09QUITO579

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  • "following President Correa's earlier statements that Ecuador"

 

 

 

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  • "will withdraw from the World Bank's international center for the settlement of investment disputes (ICSID)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Correa issued a decree declaring, that the country was terminating its agreement with ICSID !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "foreign companies have not expressed significant concern about the move"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ecuador's Bond Buyback - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO510

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  • "Finance Minister Elsa Viteri announced that the Ecuadorian Government successfully bought back US$ 2.9 billion ( 91% )"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of the country's global bonds at a 65-70% discount !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Government had not used any internal or foreign debt resources to finance the operation"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the repurchase represented savings on debt service of US$ 7.5 billion through the year 2030 or US$ 30 million per month"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which will be used instead to finance social programs, education, and production !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tax Reform - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO645

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  • "the tax reform includes hikes on luxury taxes"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a new minimum corporate income tax of 7 percent"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and an increase on capital outflow taxes from 1 percent to 2 percent ! - on every money transfer"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the hikes in the luxury tax will impact cigarettes, alcohol and soft drinks"

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a way to deter consumption of unhealthy products !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Carlos Marx Carrasco, Director General of Ecuador's Internal Revenue Services ( SRI ):

 

 

 

 

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  • "the tax reform aims to improve equity levels ! - decrease tax evasion"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "reduce commercial deficit, and promote production and employment"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Banco del Sur - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO1026

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  • "Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela"

 

 

 

 

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  • "signed the constitution agreement of the "Banco del Sur" !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "President Correa has publicly described "Banco del Sur" as a mechanism"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to finance development projects !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chevron - US
cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO860

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  • "a ruling against Chevron could result in the largest damages award, ever handed down in an environmental case"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a court appointed expert had assessed damages of up to US$ 27.3 billion !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Climate Change - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09QUITO1015

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  • "in order to adapt to ongoing and expected climate change"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Director Environment Meneses said the most important outcome from the Copenhagen climate conference should be an agreement"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the transparent, verifiable, and voluntary transfer of green technology !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "from the developed world to assist developing countries' adaptation ( and mitigation ) efforts"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and stressed the need for the US, to take a leadership role !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chevron - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die ecuadorianischen Verfassungsrichter hatten Chevron"

 

 

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  • "zu einer Geldstrafe in Höhe von 9,51 Milliarden Dollar verurteilt"

 

 

 

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  • "und dabei die schon 2011 und 2012 juristisch festgestellte Schuld des US-Konzerns bestätigt"

 

 

 

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  • "rund 30.000 Bewohner der Provinz Sucumbios im Nordosten Ecuadors hatten sich zu einer Opfervereinigung zusammengeschlossen"

 

 

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  • "und im Jahr 1993 gegen die Verschmutzung des Regenwalds durch die Ölförderung der Firma Texaco geklagt"

 

 

 

 

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  • "die Ecuadorianer werfen Texaco vor, Milliarden Liter giftiger Ölabfälle im Amazonas-Regenwald entsorgt zu haben"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CONAIE
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ CONAIE

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  • "the "Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador" is Ecuador's largest indigenous organization !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "formed in 1986, CONAIE has pursued social change - on behalf of the region's significant native population"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it represents following indigenous peoples: Shuar, Achuar, Siona, Secoya, Cofán, Huaorani, Záparo"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Chachi, Tsáchila, Awá, Epera, Manta, Wancavilca, and Quichua"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Galápagos Islands - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ GALAPAGOS ISLANDS

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  • "the Galápagos Islands are an archipelago of volcanic islands, distributed on either side of the Equator in the Pacific Ocean"

 

 

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  • "926 km ( 575 mi ) west of continental Ecuador, of which they are a part"

 

 

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  • "the islands and their surrounding waters form a national park and a biological marine reserve"
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