Western Europe




______________________________________________________________________________




Hollande attacks US Tech Firms' Tax Schemes
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

 

  • "François Hollande is to press Barack Obama on tax avoidance by big Silicon Valley companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "such as Google, saying that the practice of shifting tax liabilities around Europe was "not acceptable""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the French President said France would not continue to tolerate large companies' tax optimisation strategies"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this is not acceptable and that is why, at both the European and the global level, we must ensure that tax optimisation can be called into question"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "France is seeking € 1bn in tax from Google over its fiscal strategies"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "French tax inspectors searched Google's Paris offices"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "as it opened a probe into how the company implements transfer pricing between its different units"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a strategy many multinationals use to shift revenue and tax liability between countries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Google has reduced the amount of tax it pays in France by funnelling most of its revenue through a Dutch-registered intermediary and then to a Bermuda-registered holding"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "analysts estimate that Google generated between1.25bn and1.4bn in revenue in France"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "mainly from Internet advertising"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Bettencourt Affair - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

_________________________________________

  • "Mrs. Bettencourt's accountant, Claire Thibout, has said she withdrew 150,000 euros in cash"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that was to be passed to Sarkozy's conservative UMP party in the run-up to his presidential election"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Mrs. Bettencourt's butler testified that Sarkozy was a regular visitor to her home during his campaign"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he was charged with taking advantage of Mrs. Bettencourt, by accepting cash from her when she was too frail to know what she was doing"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Mrs. Bettencourt, now 90, has suffered from dementia since 2006"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Mr. Woerth, the later French budget minister, visited the house several times to pick up envelopes stuffed full of cash"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Gaddafi funds Sarkozy Campaign - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "French prosecutors have opened a judicial investigation into allegations that Nicolas Sarkozy's election campaign"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "received illicit funding from the Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the inquiry centres on claims of corruption, influence trafficking, forgery, abuse of public funds and money-laundering"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it is based on allegations by a Franco-Lebanese businessman, Ziad Takieddine, who, during questioning by officials"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "had a proof that Sarkozy's successful campaign was illegally funded by the Libyan regime between 2006 and 2007"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the funding amounted to at least50m"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Claude Guéant, who went on to become Sarkozy's chief-of-staff at the Elysée and later interior minister, had given a key figure in the Libyan regime bank account details for money transfers"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "2012, just before Sarkozy failed to get re-elected, the investigative website Mediapart published a document, signed by a senior Libyan figure stating the regime approved a payment of € 50m"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "shortly after Sarkozy's election in 2007, Gaddafi was invited to Paris"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and pitched his Bedouin-style tent in an official French residence near the Élysée as part of a controversial state visit"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



______________________________________________________________________________

EU Treaty - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07PARIS1938

_________________________________________

  • "UK Prime Minister Blair’s meeting with French President-elect Sarkozy"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "focused primarily on next steps on the EU constitutional treaty"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in advance of a meeting with German Chancellor Merkel"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "French and UK positions were close"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "on avoiding new referenda, qualified majority voting"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and no social charter"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Jacques Delors
- US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS8631

_________________________________________

  • "former EU Commission president Jacques Delors underlined his feeling that Europe is currently in a deep crisis"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in part because of the lack of visionary European leadership"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but also because of disagreements among member states about foreign policy and socio-economic matters"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Interior Minister Sarkozy - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS5335

_________________________________________

  • "Sarkozy expressed his admiration for President Bush"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he said he looked forward to the opportunity to tackle economic and social problems with the same directness for which the President is justly famous"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he would make a "deep break with the past""

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "France needs to do what Reagan did in the US, Thatcher in Britain, and Gonzales in Spain"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:

_________________________________________
  • "unlike nearly all other French political figures, Sarkozy is viscerally pro-American"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Giscard d'Estaing - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS7195

_________________________________________

  • "while not a Gaullist, he had served under de Gaulle, Giscard offered a vignette from a later episode"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "when de Gaulle decided to withdraw France from Nato and to evict the Alliance from France"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • de Gaulle: "do you know why I've asked the Americans to leave ? - here's why:"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "an American official has asked to see me. I inquired when and how the American official was arriving in France"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and was told, he and other US officials, fly in to Evreux (a US military base outside of Paris)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "without any knowledge of French authorities"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "France was not exercising control over its own airspace, a fundamental attribute of a sovereign state"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Giscard noted that there are three conceptions of Europe: a free-trade zone"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a core Europe of 6-10 countries"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and a politically structured Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

UNESCO - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS5195

_________________________________________

  • "the second and final session of the intergovernmental meeting of experts met at UNESCO"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and reached consensus on a draft "Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights""

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US was successful in deflecting efforts to have the document include "right to health""

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "special responsibility of human beings for the protection of the environment"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and various other social agendas as bioethical principles"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US delegation was successful in limiting the explicit scope of the Declaration to medicine and the life sciences"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the definition that had included the social sciences and relationship to the biosphere was deleted"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US was successful in limiting the explicit application to States to guide them in the formulation of their legislation"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "with a reference to its also providing guidance to decisions or practices of private actors"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US was successful in changing a provision that would have made it a principle of bioethics"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that any decision or practice should take due regard of its effect on all forms of life"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and that there was a "special responsibility" of human beings for the protection of the environment"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US was successful in changing the tone and words of the Declaration in several ways"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to make it not a binding instrument"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the word "shall" was replaced in each instance by "is to be" or "should""

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the concept of "implementation" was removed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Hollande: Wirtschaftsregierung - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "Hollande will sich in der Eurozone für eine gemeinsame "Wirtschaftsregierung" einsetzen"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die unter anderem für eine Steuerharmonisierung sorgen soll"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "nötig ist auch eine "neue Etappe" bei der "gemeinsamen Ausgabe von Anleihen""

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Französische Minister legen ihr Vermögen offen
- der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "die Regierung in Frankreich hat die Vermögensverhältnisse ihrer Minister veröffentlicht"

 

_________________________________________

  • "Daten über Finanzen und Besitz der neben Premierminister Jean-Marc Ayrault 37 Regierungsmitglieder umfassen Angaben zu Konten, Wertpapieren, Immobilien, Kunst oder Autos"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "63 Prozent der Franzosen halten den jetzigen Schritt für "notwendig"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "um die Transparenz in einer modernen Demokratie zu garantieren"

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Sarkozy muss wegen Spendenaffäre mit Prozess rechnen - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "Nicolas Sarkozy gerät in der Affäre um illegale Spenden für den Wahlkampf der konservativen Partei UMP unter Druck"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "der Vorwurf die französische Justiz: "Ausnutzung der Schwäche" der heute 90-jährigen L'Oreal-Milliardärin Liliane Bettencourt Schuller"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "mehrere Ex-Bedienstete der reichsten Frau Europas haben Sarkozy während des Wahlkampfs mehrfach bei ihr gesehen"

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Gaddafi soll Sarkozys Wahlkampf 2007 finanziert haben - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "es geht um die unglaubliche Summe von 50 Millionen Euro, die Gaddafi für den Wahlkampf lockergemacht hat"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________




Tobin Tax
- US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09LONDON2742

_________________________________________

  • "Prime Minister Brown continues to press hard for international adoption of a Tobin Tax"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "despite being aware of US opposition to the tax"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Brown first highlighted the Tobin Tax at the G-20 Ministerial in St. Andrews"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he was disappointed that US treasury secretary Geithner publicly refused to support the UK position"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Baroness Shirley Williams and Lord Paddy Ashcroft"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "were bewildered and disappointed by US opposition"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the UK may feel emboldened, given French Foreign Minister Kouchner’s proposal at COP-15"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "for an international tax on financial services"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "for programs for poverty reduction and climate change"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the PM Brown has emphasized that a Tobin Tax must be among the options explored"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to ensure that taxpayers do not bear the cost of future bank bailouts"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Brown also emphasized the "global levy" as an option"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to rebuild trust between banks and the societies they serve"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________




City of London
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09LONDON2650

_________________________________________

  • "the Lord Mayor said the "Tobin Tax" was no different than the stamp duty"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the City [london financial center] had been trying to abolish for years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Prime Minister Brown - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09LONDON2650

_________________________________________

  • "Prime Minister Gordon Brown met US Senators John McCain, Joseph Lieberman and Lindsey Graham"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Prime Minister turned to the reform of the international financial institutions"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "underscoring the importance of aid in world affairs"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he said the IMF was almost irrelevant"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and it had to take on a new role"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the world needed an "early warning system""

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "if the IMF took on this role, people would have confidence"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Iraq Oil - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08LONDON3186

_________________________________________

  • "Iraq petroleum: representatives from international companies"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and participants from other governments to discuss the current situation in Iraq's petroleum sector"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "many speakers pointed to the enormous potential of Iraq's petroleum sector"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "pointing to its 115 billion barrels of proven crude oil reserves - more according to estimates"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and 1.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas reserves"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________




NETHERLANDS
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ NETHERLANDS



-
Capital: Amsterdam | Population: 17.0 million



_________________________________________

EU Referendum - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05THEHAGUE1434

_________________________________________

  • "polls showing a clear majority opposed to ratifying the EU Constitutional Treaty"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the government has deliberately refrained from engaging in debate"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in fact appears to have no "Plan B""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Niederländer stopfen Schlupflöcher für Multis - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "die wegen ihres Steuersystems in der Kritik stehenden Niederlande kommen ärmeren Ländern mit einer Initiative gegen rechtliche Schlupflöcher entgegen"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Regierung bietet zwei Dutzend Schwellenländern an, Doppelbesteuerungsabkommen neu auszuhandeln"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "internationale Konzerne können ihre Abgaben an den Fiskus durch Gewinnverschiebungen im Ausland drücken"

 

_________________________________________

  • "räumte die niederländische Entwicklungshilfeministerin Lilianna Ploemen ein"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "damit entgingen ärmeren Ländern Steuereinnahmen, die diese dringend für Infrastruktur und Bildung benötigten"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "mehrere tausend internationale Unternehmen - darunter 80 der weltgrößten"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "betreiben in den Niederlanden sogenannte Briefkastenfirmen, um Gewinne in Steueroasen zu verschieben"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

BELGIUM - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ BELGIUM


-
Capital: Brussels
| Population: 11.2 million





______________________________________________________________________________


IRELAND - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ IRELAND


_________________________________________


Irish "Rescue"
- ATTAC Investigation
: LINK ¤ ATTAC

_________________________________________

  • "Ireland became the first country to exit the "rescue" program by the troika"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "of EU Commission, European Central Bank (ECB) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while Europe's political elites sell Ireland as a success story, ATTAC looked into the numbers:"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while Ireland received67.5 billion in bail-out money since the end of 2010"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "funds amounting to € 89.5 billion were transferred from the country"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to the financial sector during the same period"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

the results in detail:


_________________________________________
  • "€ 18.1 billion were used to directly recapitalize Irish banks"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________
  • "€ 55.8 billion went to creditors of the Irish state"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "€ 37.5 billion of these were used to repay maturing government bonds"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "€ 18.3 billion to pay interest for outstanding bonds"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "€ 1.6 billion were spent by the National Asset Management Agency (NAMA)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a bad bank guaranteed by the state, to buy bad real estate assets held by Irish banks"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "€ 14 billion were used so far for the liquidation of Irish Bank Resolution Corporation (IBRC)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a merger of two bankrupt nationalized banks"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "€ 12.9 billion of these were used by NAMA to buy the remaining IBRC assets. Another € 1.1 billion was paid to the bank’s creditors as the result of a government guarantee"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "during its alleged rescue, Ireland put more money into the financial sector than it received in bail-out loans"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Irish population paid for that"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "€ 76.5 billion of public funds were moved directly or indirectly to Irish financial institutions"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the influence of the Troika is also visible in details of the Irish crisis management policy:"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "nationalized Irish banks have to repay all their creditors, even those not covered by the state guarantee"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "an expertise commissioned by the European Parliament shows"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that the ECB forced the Irish government to take this step by threatening to withhold emergency funding from Irish banks"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this was done even though the full repayment of unguaranteed bonds is not part of the bail-out memorandum"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the report concludes that the ECB possibly overstepped its mandate"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the unsecured bondholders’ identity is being kept secret"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "ex-broker Paul Staines leaked an incomplete list of the creditors of Anglo Irish, the largest bankrupt Irish bank"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it includes large international financial institutions such as Allianz, Barclays, Credit Suisse"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs, HSBC and Société Générale"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "the Irish population is paying for the repeated saving of the financial sector through brutal austerity"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Ireland had to co-finance its own "rescue" by17.5 billion"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "€ 10 billion of which were taken from the public pension fund NPRF"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "originally set up to secure Irish pensions in the future. The fund’s money was used for direct bank recapitalization"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "furthermore, the population was hit hard by six years of austerity measures"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the VAT was increased to 23 percent, child benefits were lowered"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "unemployment allowances for young people cut in half and tuition fees tripled to 2,500 Euros"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "altogether, over28 billion have been squeezed out of Irish society since 2008"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the social consequences are disastrous: a third of the population is at risk of poverty or social exclusion"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "one in ten is suffering from hunger"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while the disposable income of the poorest decile of the population fell by 26 percent within a year"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the top decile’s income rose by 8 percent"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "among the 18- to 24-year-olds, every second person considers leaving the country"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "300,000 people have already emigrated in the last four years"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "contrary to the alleged success story, the Irish economy has far from recovered"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "today’s GDP is 12.6 percent lower than before the crisis"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "unemployment, currently at 13 percent, is still more than twice as high as during pre-crisis times"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "half of all small and medium-sized enterprises asking for a loan in the last quarter were rejected by banks"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the national debt, which had exploded from 25 to 91 percent of GDP between 2007 and 2010"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "further increased under Troika control and will reach 124 percent"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "our governments must stop spending huge sums of public money to save a financial sector"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "they need to be replaced by public investment programmes"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and EU-wide coordination of tax and economic policies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in the interest of the general population"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________


- Capital: Dublin | Population: 4.6 million


_________________________________________

Banking Crisis - US Cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09DUBLIN130

_________________________________________

  • "the Irish banking industry continues to weather the fallout from the Anglo Irish Bank nationalization"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the government has proposed a series of reforms to its banking regulatory structure and bank executive compensation"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but has not yet finalized plans for dealing with problem loans at Allied Irish Bank (AIB) and Bank of Ireland (BOI)"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this situation, coupled with an S&P downgrade, has led some to predict a need for additional government funding"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in light of the developing banking crisis, Minister for Finance Brian Lenihan, announced"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that he would be proposing new measures designed to crack down on "crony capitalism""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Banking Crisis - US Cable - 2004: LINK ¤ 04DUBLIN1719

_________________________________________

  • "the US policy of tax deferral for foreign subsidiaries of American firms"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "combined with Ireland's 12.5 percent corporate tax rate"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "underpinned the large influx of US investment during the Celtic Tiger period"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Irland-"Rettung" - ATTAC: LINK ¤ ATTAC

_________________________________________

  • "Irland beendete als erstes Land das "Rettungs"-Programm der Troika aus EU-Kommission, Europäischer Zentralbank (EZB) und Internationalem Währungsfonds (IWF)"

 

_________________________________________

  • "während die politischen Eliten Europas den Inselstaat als Erfolgsgeschichte verkaufen, hat ATTAC nachgerechnet:"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "den 67,5 Milliarden Euro an Hilfsgeldern, die Irland seit Ende 2010 erhielt"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "stehen 89,5 Milliarden Euro gegenüber, die im selben Zeitraum aus dem Land in den Finanzsektor flossen"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

die Ergebnisse im Detail:

_________________________________________
  • "18,1 Milliarden flossen in die Rekapitalisierung irischer Banken"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "55,8 Milliarden kamen GläubigerInnen des irischen Staats zugute"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "davon wurden 37,5 Milliarden für auslaufende Staatsanleihen und 18,3 Milliarden für Zinsen laufender Anleihen bezahlt"

 

_________________________________________

  • "1,6 Milliarden verwendete die National Asset Management Agency (NAMA)"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die vom Staat garantierte Bad Bank, um Banken faule Immobilienpapiere abzukaufen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "14 Milliarden kostete den Staat bisher die Abwicklung der Irish Bank Resolution Corporation (IBRC)"

 

_________________________________________

  • "einer Fusion zweier verstaatlichter Pleitebanken"

 

_________________________________________

  • "davon fielen 12,9 Milliarden bei NAMA an, die die verbleibenden IBRC-Anlagen aufkaufte. Weitere 1,1 Milliarden gingen als Folge einer staatlichen Garantie an GläubigerInnen der Bank"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Irland hat während seiner angeblichen Rettung mehr Geld in den Finanzsektor gesteckt"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "als es an Hilfskrediten erhalten hat

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "bezahlt hat dafür die irische Bevölkerung"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "der irischen Bevölkerung wurde im Vorfeld des "Rettungs"-Programms die mit Abstand größte nationale Bankenrettung der gesamten Eurozone aufgebürdet"

 

_________________________________________

  • "76,5 Milliarden Euro öffentlicher Mittel flossen zwischen 2008 und 2010 direkt oder indirekt in die irischen Finanzinstitute"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "der Einfluss der Troika zeigt sich auch in Details der irischen Krisenpolitik:"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die verstaatlichten irischen Banken müssen sogar jene GläubigerInnen zur Gänze auszahlen, die nicht von der staatlichen Garantie erfasst sind"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "wie ein Gutachten für das Europäische Parlament festhält, zwang die EZB die irische Regierung zu diesem Schritt"

 

_________________________________________

  • "als Druckmittel drohte die Zentralbank damit, Notkredite für irische Banken zu verteuern oder gänzlich zu streichen. Sie tat das, obwohl es im "Rettungs"-Programm keine Auflagen zur Rückzahlung ungarantierter Bankschulden gibt"

 

_________________________________________

  • "das Gutachten kommt zum Schluss, dass die EZB damit möglicherweise ihr Mandat überschritten hat"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "eine vom Ex-Broker Blogger Paul Staines geleakte, unvollständige Liste der GläubigerInnen von Anglo Irish, der größten irischen Pleitebank"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "umfasst internationale Großbanken wie Allianz, Barclays, Crédit Suisse"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs, HSBC oder Société Générale"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "tatsächlich bezahlt die Bevölkerung die mehrfache Rettung des Finanzsektors mit einer brutalen Kürzungspolitik"

 

_________________________________________

  • "so musste Irland seine eigene "Rettung" mit 17,5 Milliarden mitfinanzieren"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "davon kamen 10 Milliarden aus dem staatlichen Pensionsfonds NPRF, der irische Pensionen in der Zukunft absichern sollte"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "zahlreiche weitere Austeritätsmaßnahmen trafen die Bevölkerung hart: die Mehrwertsteuer wurde auf 23 Prozent erhöht"

 

_________________________________________

  • "das Kindergeld gekürzt, das Arbeitslosengeld für Jugendliche halbiert. Die Studiengebühren stiegen um das Dreifache auf 2.500 Euro"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "insgesamt wurden der irischen Gesellschaft seit 2008 mit Steuererhöhungen und Ausgabenkürzungen 28 Milliarden Euro entzogen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die sozialen Folgen der Krisenpolitik sind desaströs:"

 

_________________________________________

  • "ein Drittel der irischen Bevölkerung ist von Armut oder sozialer Ausgrenzung bedroht, ein Zehntel leidet unter Hunger"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "während das verfügbare Einkommen des einkommensschwächsten Zehntels der Bevölkerung innerhalb eines Jahrs um 26 Prozent fiel"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "stieg jenes des Zehntels mit den höchsten Einkommen um 8 Prozent"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "inzwischen denkt die Hälfte der 18- bis 24-Jährigen darüber nach, den Inselstaat zu verlassen. Bereits 300.000 Menschen sind in den letzten vier Jahren emigriert"

 

_________________________________________

  • "auch die irische Wirtschaft hat sich als Folge der Kürzungspolitik keinesfalls erholt:"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "das Bruttoinlandsprodukt ist heute um 12,6 Prozent niedriger als vor der Krise"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Arbeitslosigkeit ist mit 13 Prozent nach wie vor mehr als doppelt so hoch wie vor der Krise, unter Jugendlichen beträgt sie sogar 27 Prozent"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Hälfte der Klein- und Mittelbetriebe, die sich im letzten Quartal um einen Kredit bemühten, wurden von den Banken abgewiesen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Staatsschulden, die als Folge der Bankenrettungen zwischen 2007 und 2010"

 

_________________________________________

  • "von 25 Prozent des Bruttoinlandsprodukts auf 91 Prozent explodiert waren"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "stiegen unter Troika-Kontrolle weiter und erreichen nun 124 Prozent"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

  • "die Politik muss aufhören, mit Unsummen öffentlicher Mittel einen Finanzsektor zu retten"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "stattdessen braucht es europäische Investitionsprogramme"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "und eine europäisch koordinierte Steuer- und Wirtschaftspolitik"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "im Interesse der breiten Bevölkerung"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Banker machen sich über ihre Retter lustig - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "neu aufgetauchte Telefonmitschnitte verdeutlichen, dass das Management der Anglo-Irish Bank"

 

_________________________________________

  • "auf dem Höhepunkt der Bankenkrise 2008 den Aufsichtsbehörden wissentlich falsche Angaben machten"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "auf den bankinternen Mitschnitten macht sich der damalige Bank-Chef David Drumm über Bedenken der EU-Partner lustig"

 

_________________________________________

  • "wir wollen nicht zu krass sein, aber Hauptsache, wir kriegen das verfluchte Geld, und kichert"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "während sein Abteilungsleiter John Bowe die Hymne "Deutschland über alles" singt - eine Anspielung darauf, dass nach der Bankengarantie die Gelder deutscher Anleger nach Irland flossen"

 

_________________________________________

  • "sollte die Zentralbank aber das Ausmaß der Probleme erkennen, "könnten die glauben, sie haben eine Wahl, verstehen Sie ?"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "tatsächlich führte die einmal gewährte Staatshilfe dazu, dass Irland dauerhaft für das mit Immobilien-Giftmüll vollgestopfte Institut verantwortlich wurde"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Kosten beziffern Experten allein für Anglo Irish auf 30 Mrd. Euro"

 

 

 

_________________________________________
  • "die damalige Regierung unter Brian Cowen gab eine Pauschalgarantie für alle Bankverbindlichkeiten ab"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Queen setzt auf Versöhnung
- der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "britische Monarchin sprach "tiefes Mitgefühl" für alle Opfer des jahrhundertelangen britisch-irischen Konflikts aus"

 

 

 

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  • "mit dem Gewinn der historischen Einsicht können wir alle Dinge sehen, von den wir wünschten, sie wären anders gemacht worden oder gar nicht passiert"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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WESTERN EUROPE - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ WESTERN EUROPE

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  • "Western Europe is the region comprising the westerly countries of Europe. The term has a geographic and cultural context"

 

 

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Western Europe - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA

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western europe - 1404WE
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