Southern Europe





the Catalonia Referendum: 90% vote for Independence  ! - Missed Link:

 

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- there are three possible - and realistic - scenarios  !

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • first, autonomy !!!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • but the constitutional court trimmed back a charter increasing the region’s powers - and already approved by the Spanish Parliament - after a challenge by Rajoy’s People’s party, PP - ( GUARDIAN )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • therefore the Catalans will most likely say: "no"  !!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • second, full autonomy !!!!! - the same autonomy the Basque Country has  !!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • officially: a "separate nation"  !!!! - ( with its own budget, and its own taxes  ! )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • third: full independence !!!!! - this need not necessarily mean a "state"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • it can also be a "region", or "free people", or a "nation"  !!!! - which is then part of the EU !!! - ( fully or partly )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SPAIN - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ SPAIN


- Capital: Madrid | Population: 46.4 million


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thrilling Elections in Spain - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "a Socialist-led coalition is shaping up to be the most likely to rule Spain"

 

 

 

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  • "as rival politicians laid down ground rules ahead of what are expected to be marathon political negotiations needed to form the country’s next government"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the conservative People’s party (PP) won 123 seats in Sunday’s election and 28.7% of the vote, leaving it a long way short of a majority in the 350-seat legislature"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but with leftwing parties holding the balance of power in Spain’s Parliament, the result is likely to mirror recent political events in Portugal"

 

 

 

 

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  • "where the conservatives won the October election but fell to a socialist government backed by leftist parties just days later"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Socialist party ruled out any possibility of backing the PP: "the Socialists will vote "no" to Rajoy""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Socialists came second in Sunday’s election, earning 90 seats and 22.0% of the vote"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the party is now central to the question of what comes next"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "anti-austerity party Podemos, which won 69 seats and 20.7% of the vote"

 

 

 

 

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  • "said it would also block any attempt by Rajoy to form a government"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""on no account will Podemos allow the PP to govern," said the leader, Pablo Iglesias"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by contrast, Ciudadanos’s leader (13.9%), Albert Rivera, said his party would abstain from the confidence vote to allow the PP to form a minority government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a result a Socialist government backed by Podemos seems increasingly likely"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "both parties will find common ground in the appeal for change"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "an alliance of the Socialists and Podemos would likely still need the support of other parties to advance their agenda, such as regional parties"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the messy affair has shone new light on the role of King Felipe"

 

 

 

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  • "in the coming days and weeks, King Felipe VI, who took over from his embattled father last year, will reach out to all parties to hear their positions and name the party that will have the chance to try and form a government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "if the candidate fails to obtain an absolute majority, followed by a simple majority in a vote of confidence, the king must put forward a new candidate"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "if no government is formed within two months, new elections must be held"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Spanish Elections - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "on a night of losers, the anti-austerity movement led by Pablo Iglesias were the only winners"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "anti-austerity Podemos, barely two years old and born from the Indignado protests that saw thousands rally against a political establishment felt to be out of sync with the people"

 

 

 

 

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  • "finished in third place with 21% of the vote"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Podemos did remarkably well across the country, coming first in Catalonia and the Basque country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Spain is not going to be the same anymore and we are very happy," the Podemos leader, Pablo Iglesias, said"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "today is a historic day for Spain. Every time there is an election, the forces of change advance"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Socialist leader, Pedro Sánchez, noted that the election results had ushered in a new chapter of Spanish politics, saying:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we’re beginning a new process of dialogue and agreement"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Spanish King strips Sister of Duchess Title amid Tax Evasion Scandal - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Spain’s King Felipe VI has issued a decree stripping his sister Princess Cristina of her title as Duchess of Palma"

 

 

 

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  • "as the royal sibling faces tax evasion charges in a scandal that has embarrassed the monarchy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Cristina, 49, stands accused of taking part in tax evasion by her husband, the former Olympic handball player Iñaki Urdangarin"

 

 

 

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  • "a judge ruled that she must stand trail on two counts of accessory to tax fraud"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Urdangarin is accused of creaming off6m in public funds from contracts awarded to Noos"

 

 

 

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  • "a charitable foundation which they chaired"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Podemos - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "it’s almost a political cliche. If a country is battered by economic disaster, its ever poorer citizens will turn in droves to the populist right"

 

 

 

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  • "but, as Spain shows us, it doesn’t have to be this way"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Spain is in a mess, with unemployment at almost 25%, and over half its young people without work"

 

 

 

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  • "a plight that can damage an individual for life"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "instead, disaffection has found a different expression: a party whose premise is that ordinary Spaniards should not have to pay for a crisis they had nothing to do with"

 

 

 

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  • "Podemos is founded on the politics of hope: its English translation is"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we can"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is over one year old, but won 1.2m votes and five seats in the European elections"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "not that Podemos simply materialised out of nowhere"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in 2011, hundreds of thousands of indignados took to the streets in protest at the political elite"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Podemos was the child of the indignados movement"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a party that emphasises bottom-up democratic participation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "where the indignados had neighbourhood assemblies"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Podemos has "circles" that take similar forms"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the funding for its European campaign was largely crowdsourced - its policies and priorities"

 

 

 

 

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  • "are decided partly through online voting"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Podemos has undoubtedly thrived only because it has shredded the old rulebooks: "in order to do politics differently, we need to do language differently""

 

 

 

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  • "when you do politics, one of the things you have to ask yourselves is"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "what are you aiming at ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Podemos speaks of rescuing Spain’s democracy from la casta, or the establishment; of winning over "social majorities""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and stands for public control and accountability"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "such a party cannot simply be transplanted from one country to another"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but if the political elite continues to fail to meet people’s needs and aspirations while wealth and power are redistributed to the top, then who knows ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Spain's ruling Party ran secret Fund for 18 Years - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "a judge has found that Spain’s ruling party"

 

 

 

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  • "ran a secret slush fund for 18 years"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the lead suspect in the case: the conservative People’s party’s (PP) ex-treasurer Luis Barcenas, a former ally of conservative prime minister Mariano Rajoy"

 

 

 

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  • "the judge gathered evidence that the party from 1990 to at least 2008"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "drew on various sources of funding outside of the legal economic sphere"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with various systems of accounts which registered deposits and withdrawals of money outside of the official accounts declared to financial authorities"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the affair originated in 2009 as a judicial investigation into kickbacks involving members of the PP and construction companies"

 

 

 

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  • "it exploded when leading daily El Pais published copies of account ledgers showing irregular payments to top party members including Rajoy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Barcenas testified in court that he handed cash to Rajoy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the allegations sparked outrage among ordinary Spaniards struggling with spending cuts that Rajoy had imposed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Prime Minister Rajoy accused of hiding secret Income - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Rajoy's conservative government was rocked by a major corruption scandal after the publication of documents"

 

 

 

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  • "that showed him receiving250,000 that had been hidden from tax authorities"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the documents showed payments from a number of well-known Spanish business people that were then used to pay regular supplements to senior party officials over more than a decade"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the documents came from a double-accounting system kept by the former PP treasurer, Luis Barcenás"

 

 

 

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  • "courts are already investigating how Barcenas managed to accumulate"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "€ 20m in a secret Swiss bank account"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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President Zapatero - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05MADRID1317

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  • "President Zapatero (PSOE) said he would never ask the US to do something it could not do"

 

 

 

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  • "and, in turn, did not want to be asked to do something he did not believe in"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he understood President Bush was upset with his decision to withdraw Spanish forces from Iraq"

 

 

 

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  • "but he had maintained a consistent position on Iraq"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US visitors to Spain"

 

 

 

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  • "did not seek him out during his four years as opposition leader"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Spanish Socialists - US cable - 2004: LINK ¤ 04MADRID961

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  • "we expect static or reduced defense spending under the Social Democratic Party PSOE"

 

 

 

 

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  • "increased social welfare programs"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "more green environment policies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a greater focus on Spain's role in the EU"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and distancing from the close relationship with the United States that Aznar fostered"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PORTUGAL - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ PORTUGAL


- Capital: Lisbon | Population: 10.4 million


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Antonio Costa is the new Prime Minister of Portugal - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the Socialist leader Antonio Costa has been named Portugal’s Prime Minister and tasked with forming a government"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "his appointment comes after Costa’s alliance with Green and Left Bloc parties toppled an 11-day-old conservative minority government"

 

 

 

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  • "in a dramatic parliamentary vote - the shortest administration in Portuguese history"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the 54-year-old has said his government will run "a socialist programme" that allows for "a sustainable reduction in deficits and debt""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "planned measures include raising the minimum wage"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "lifting a freeze on pensions and cancelling pay cuts for civil servants"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Portugal senses a Chance for Change - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "a day after leftist coalition passed vote of no confidence to force out the minority administration"

 

 

 

 

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  • "hopes are high on the country’s streets"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is rare that a vote in the Portuguese national assembly causes outright celebration"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but outside parliament there was a sense that a country battered by four years of cuts and crisis could, as Socialist leader António Costa put it"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "finally "turn the page" on austerity"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Costa, the former mayor of Lisbon, is poised to be Prime Minister after a broad leftist coalition including the Socialist party"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Bloco de Esquerda (left bloc) and the Green Alliance passed a vote of no confidence in the minority rightwing government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which two weeks ago was given legitimacy by the President despite lacking a working majority"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the new Socialist-led alliance, the first of its kind since Portugal transitioned to democracy in 1974"

 

 

 

 

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  • "promises an end to sweeping cuts and privatisation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a country that has one of the highest levels of income inequality in the EU"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and where one in five people live below the poverty line"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "proposals such as keeping water a state asset, stopping public transport sell-offs"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and increasing the minimum wage - currently the lowest in western Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "have been greeted with jubilation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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neue Regierung in Portugal - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die zweite Amtszeit von Passos Coelho hatte gerade elf Tage gedauert, bis er bei der Vorstellung seines erneuten Sparprogramms"

 

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  • "von der linken Parlamentsmehrheit aus Sozialisten (PS), dem Linksbündnis Bloco und der grünen CDU abgewählt wurde"

 

 

 

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  • "jetzt steht dem Sozialdemokraten António Costa die Tür zum Amt des Ministerpräsidenten offen"

 

 

 

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  • "weite Teile des Austeritätsprogramms, das in den vergangenen Jahren unter Druck der Troika im Gegenzug für ein Rettungspaket von 78 Milliarden Euro durchgeführt wurde"

 

 

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  • "sollen zurückgenommen werden"

 

 

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  • "Teile der Arbeitsmarktreformen der Vorgängerregierung werden überarbeitet. Die Gewerkschaften werden wieder mehr Rechte haben"

 

 

 

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  • "all das soll von einer Steuerreform begleitet werden. Die Einkommenssteuer für Besserverdienende wird steigen"

 

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  • "außerdem gibt es eine Erbschaftssteuer für Vermögen von mehr als einer Million Euro"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Sparhaushalt - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "das Verfassungsgericht in Lissabon erklärte Teile des Sparhaushalts 2013 für unrechtmäßig"

 

 

 

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  • "das Budget des laufenden Jahres sieht massive Steuererhöhungen sowie Kürzungen bei Renten, Gehältern und Sozialleistungen vor"

 

 

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  • "die Richter urteilten nun, dass die Abschaffung des 14. Monatsgehaltes für Staatsdiener und Rentner sowie Abgaben auf Arbeitslosenhilfe und Krankengeld nicht verfasssungsgemäß sind"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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unbridled Capitalism is the 'Dung of the Devil' - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Pope Francis has urged the downtrodden to change the world economic order"

 

 

 

 

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  • "denouncing a "new colonialism" by agencies that impose austerity programs"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and calling for the poor to have the "sacred rights" of labor, lodging and land"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in one of the longest, most passionate and sweeping speeches of his pontificate, the Argentine-born pope used his visit to Bolivia"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to ask forgiveness for the sins committed by the Roman Catholic church in its treatment of native Americans during the "so-called conquest of America""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he called the unfettered pursuit of money "the dung of the devil""

 

 

 

 

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  • "and said poor countries should not be reduced to being providers of raw material and cheap labour for developed countries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Francis said time was running out to save the planet from irreversible harm to the ecosystem"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Francis made the address in the city of Santa Cruz to participants of the second world meeting of popular movements"

 

 

 

 

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  • "an international body that brings together organisations of people on the margins of society, including the poor, the unemployed and peasants who have lost their land"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he supported their efforts to obtain so elementary and undeniably necessary a right as that of the three "Ls":"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "land, lodging and labour"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "let us not be afraid to say it:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we want change, real change, structural change"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "decrying a system that has imposed the mentality of profit at any price"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with no concern for social exclusion or the destruction of nature"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "international monetary organisations such as the IMF: no actual or established power has the right to deprive peoples of the full exercise of their sovereignty"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "whenever they do so, we see the rise of new forms of colonialism"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which seriously prejudice the possibility of peace and justice"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he defended labor unions and praised poor people who had formed cooperatives to create jobs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the new colonialism takes on different faces. At times it appears as the anonymous influence of mammon:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "corporations, "free trade" treaties"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the imposition of measures of "austerity" which always tighten the belt of workers and the poor"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this system is intolerable: farm workers find it intolerable, labourers find it intolerable, communities find it intolerable, peoples find it intolerable"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the earth itself - our sister, Mother Earth"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "also finds it intolerable"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the Vatican - US cable - 2001: LINK ¤ 01VATICAN3507

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  • "the Holy See is one of the oldest continually existing international entities"

 

 

 

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  • "it exercised temporal control of the Italian peninsula during the middle ages, but was completely bereft of territory between 1870 and 1929"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Vatican is one of very few sovereign entities that have presence and reach in virtually every country of the world"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • humanitarian concerns: "the Vatican strives to translate its religious beliefs and its humanitarian concerns into concrete policies"

 

 

 

 

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  • "foreign policy initiatives: support for third world development"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and for debt relief for poorer countries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Environment - US cable - 2009: 09VATICAN119

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  • "Pope Benedict addressed the opening of the World Food Summit"

 

 

 

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  • "urging leaders to care for the world's hungry and protect the environment"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "states have an obligation to future generations"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to reduce environmental degradation"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "citing the link between environmental destruction and climate change"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "protecting the environment requires"

 

 

 

 

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  • "change in the lifestyles of individuals and communities"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in habits of consumption and in perceptions of what is genuinely needed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Pope urged the international community to promote development while safeguarding the planet"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "access to sufficient, healthy and nutritious food"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is a fundamental right"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "if resources are properly distributed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the planet has the capacity to feed and sustain its expanding population"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ITALY - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ ITALY


-
Capital: Rome | Population: 60.8 million


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Berlusconi arrives at leftist Party Rally in Italy local Elections - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Italy’s 78-year-old former premier, Silvio Berlusconi, mistakenly turned up at a rally for a candidate from a left-leaning party"

 

 

 

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  • "the incident occurred in the town of Segrate, near Milan, during the rally for Paolo Micheli, a mayoral candidate in the local elections"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "supporters of Micheli, who is backed by the centre-left Democratic party, were astonished as Berlusconi and no less than six bodyguards swept into the square where the rally was being held"

 

 

 

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  • "he wandered around the square for several minutes before asking someone the candidate’s name"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he then said: "young people, I’m counting on you to vote Paolo""

 

 

 

 

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  • "before hastily departing after being informed of his error by a member of his entourage"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Italian Finance Minister: Europe must act now - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • Italy’s Finance Minister Pier Carlo Padoan: "there isn’t much time. Europe is at a fork in the road: one path leads to stagnation"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the other to growth that we sorely need"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he had been discussing with Brussels new rules to encourage government spending"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he gave a guarded welcome to the plan sponsored by European commission president Jean-Claude Juncker"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to inject extra investment cash into the European economy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "one possibility is to mobilise the EIB (European Investment Bank)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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  • "the problem with the EIB, is that it has a very prudent attitude to investment"

 

 

 

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  • "because, to protect its "triple A rating", it does not want to take on, let’s call it, excessive risk"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the "Bank of Europe", as they love to call themselves"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "could be a little bit more aggressive; a bit more proactive"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a European mechanism that takes on the task of evaluating European investment projects"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it could be the EIB"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the finance minister also argued for discrimination between different kinds of spending"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "there were items of public expenditure that are probably not classified as investment, but are important"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Italy’s 2015 budget offered an example: provision for welfare spending intended to ease the passage of the Renzi government’s labour market reform"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "while this was not investment this did contribute to long-term growth"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "I’d be very glad if this qualitative aspect were explicitly recognised in the evaluation of countries’ public finances"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Italy's Lawmakers elect Sergio Mattarella as President - Huffington Post: LINK ¤ HUFFINGTON POST

_________________________________________

  • "Sergio Mattarella, a Constitutional Court justice widely considered to be above the political fray"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "was elected as Italy's President"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the 73-year-old former minister with center-left political roots went on to garner a total of 665 votes from the 1,009 eligible electors"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Renzi pushed hard for Mattarella's election"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "my thoughts go, above all, and before everything, to the difficulties and hopes of our fellow citizens"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Mattarella raised conflict-of-interest concerns when media mogul Berlusconi jumped into politics two decades ago"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he also resigned as education minister in 1990 to protest legislation that helped Berlusconi transform what started out as several local channels into a business empire"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Berlusconi lost his Senate seat because of a tax fraud conviction"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


______________________________________________________________________________

Matteo Renzi: Italy can be a Leader in Europe - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "in its first election with Renzi as leader, his social democratic "Democratic Party" (PD)"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "beat all expectations to place not only first, but first by an astonishing margin of almost 20 points"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "with almost 41% of the vote, the PD had performed better than any Italian party since 1958"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the meaning of the elections is: Italy can play a role"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Italy is a country which, if it changes itself, can also be one of the leaders in Europe"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the point is not to seek out privileged axes with some countries rather than others, but to try to get Europe out of the crisis situation which we are in"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "if we want to save Europe, we must change Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "firmly on the to-do list in Brussels is the need to "change the paradigm of economic politics""

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a move, in essence, away from undiluted austerity"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Europe's basic setting is not focused solely on austerity"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but on growth, employment and reforms"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and without a big investment on jobs and on growth, any measure linked to austerity is destined to fail"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

______________________________________________________________________________

Berlusconi - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05ROME3585

_________________________________________

  • "prime minister Berlusconi specifically requested this meeting with the US before Italy's elections"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "behind in the polls and facing his toughest campaign"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Berlusconi will juxtapose his proactive and pro-US foreign policy"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:

_________________________________________
  • "our strongest ally in continental europe"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we want to provide appropriate praise"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "without jeopardizing a potential future relationship with a center-left government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Putin - Berlusconi - US cable - 2010: LINK ¤ 10MOSCOW266

_________________________________________

  • "Italian Secretary said that his embassy and his Foreign Ministry"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "often only learn of conversations between Berlusconi and Putin after the fact"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and with little detail or background"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he expressed frustration about the "direct line""

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "which leaves the embassy in the dark"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:

_________________________________________
  • "it seems that everything that happens at the lower levels is just for show"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Energy - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08ROME1308

_________________________________________

  • "US Energy Envoy Boyden Gray met with key energy officials of the Italian Government"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and private sector"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:

_________________________________________
  • "US embassy will continue its energetic efforts for US companies"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to market US nuclear power plant technology in Italy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Energy - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09ROME878

_________________________________________

  • "US nuclear suppliers are supportive in order to match Frano-Italian nuclear industrial cooperation agreements"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "US-based nuclear energy technology companies GE and Westinghouse said"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a more specific nuclear energy industrial cooperation agreement might be crucial"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to opening the Italian nuclear energy market to US companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Biotech - US cable - 2003: LINK ¤ 03ROME5149

_________________________________________

  • "Italian Agriculture Minister Alemanno effectively ban biotech crop cultivation"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by a restrictive coexistence decree-law"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "given the consequences of this proposal for US seed exports to Italy"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "US ambassador raised strong objections in meetings with Foreign Minister Frattini"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and with Berlusconi's top advisor, under secretary Gianni Letta"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Letta picked up the phone and made a call - directly to Prime Minister Berlusconi"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the phone was on "speaker" mode"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "after conveying his continuing support for President Bush's efforts"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Berlusconi promised that he would not let"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Minister Alemanno's draft decree pass through the Council of Ministers"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • ""technical or procedural" mechanisms would be found to derail the Alemanno draft"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "US ambassador offered his sincere thanks"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Human Rights - US cable - 2002: LINK ¤ 02ROME1196

_________________________________________

  • "Italy's human rights report: Genoa G-8 meeting"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • Italian press: "human rights: US flunks Italy"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • ""police abuses in Italy" and "mistreatment of detainees" by the Italian police during G-8 meetings"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the fifteen pages of the report are a full-fledged indictment of the behavior of the government"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:

_________________________________________
  • "unfortunately, we are not able to control the tenor of media reports"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and as we noted, media wars are a continuation of politics by other means"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________



Sergio Mattarella zum neuen italienischen Präsidenten gewählt - der Standard
: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "der italienische Verfassungsrichter Sergio Mattarella ist zum neuen italienischen Staatspräsidenten gewählt worden"

 

_________________________________________

  • "der 73-jährige Kandidat von Premier Matteo Renzi erhielt im vierten Wahlgang das notwendige Quorum von 505 Stimmen, was der absoluten Mehrheit entspricht"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "1983 wurde Mattarella erstmals ins Parlament gewählt. Auf Sizilien setzte er sich aktiv für die Wahl des Anti-Mafia-Politikers Leoluca Orlando zum neuen Bürgermeisters Palermos ein"

 

_________________________________________

  • "später zählte Mattarella zu den Gründern der sozialdemokratischen Partei PD des jetzigen Premiers Matteo Renzi"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "1990, damals Bildungsminister, trat er aus Protest zurück"

 

_________________________________________

  • "damit reagierte Mattarella auf ein von der Regierung verabschiedetes Gesetz, das auf entscheidende Weise den wirtschaftlichen Aufstieg des Medienunternehmers Silvio Berlusconi begünstigte"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Mattarella zählte in den vergangenen Jahren stets zu den aktivsten Widersachern Berlusconis"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Haftstrafe gegen Silvio Berlusconi bestätigt - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "der Oberste Gerichtshof hat die vierjährige Haftstrafe gegen den Expremier bestätigt"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "ganze 15 Gerichtsverfahren hat der politische Überlebenskünstler Silvio Berlusconi unbeschadet überstanden. Das 16. wurde ihm zum Verhängnis"

 

_________________________________________

  • "von den vier Jahren Haft für Berlusconi fallen drei unter den Strafnachlass von 2006. Das verbleibende Jahr muss Berlusconi wegen seines Alters nicht absitzen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "der Expremier kann entweder für den Hausarrest in seiner Villa optieren oder Sozialarbeit leisten"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Parlament entzog Berlusconi Senatorenamt - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "um 17.43 Uhr entzog der Senat mit großer Mehrheit dem rechtskräftig wegen Steuerbetrugs Verurteilten"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "das Mandat"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "und damit auch dessen Immunität"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Turiner Bürgermeister Piero Fassino - der Standard
: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "wir brauchen ein Umdenken, eine Revidierung der Politik der letzten Jahre"

 

_________________________________________

  • "wir haben eine Politik des rigorosen Sparens erlebt, die kein Wachstum kennt"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "das reicht nicht. Die Bürger verlangen Sicherheit. Sie wollen leben können von dem, was sie tun"

 

_________________________________________

  • "diese Perspektive kann man aber nur geben, wenn es Wachstum und Entwicklung gibt"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "schön langsam dämmert es allen, auch denen in Deutschland, dass eine reine Sparpolitik absolut unzureichend ist"

 

_________________________________________

  • "gerade in Berlin darf man nicht vergessen, dass die Kraft Deutschlands nicht daraus resultiert, dass man allein, sondern Teil Europas ist. Deutschlands größter Markt ist und bleibt Europa"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "wir brauchen einen flexibleren Stabilitätspakt, der endlich laufende Kosten von Investitionen trennt"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Grillos Bewegung spaltet sich
- der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "die Bewegung, die bei den Parlamentswahlen mit 25 Prozent zur drittstärksten politischen Kraft im Parlament aufrücken konnte, spaltet sich"

 

_________________________________________

  • "eine Gruppe aus zehn Parlamentariern will Grillo verlassen und eine getrennte Fraktion gründen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "wir können nicht nur protestieren, wir müssen auch Vorschläge machen"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Tageszeitung La Stampa - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "wir möchten endlich in einem normalen, vielleicht sogar langweiligen Land leben"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in dem wir uns nicht schämen müssen und in Europa Gehör finden"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

SOUTHERN EUROPE - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ SOUTHERN EUROPE

_________________________________________

  • "Southern Europe's most emblematic climate is that of the Mediterranean climate, which has become a typically known characteristic of the area"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "including dry hills, small plains, pine forests and olive trees"

 

 

_________________________________________

Southern Europe - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA

______________________________________________________________________________




southern europe - 1405SE
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