France





US no longer spying on French President - BBC:
LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Barack Obama spoke to Francois Hollande - following reports !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that the National Security Agency, NSA - had spied on successive French Presidents !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the statement of the US:  "we will not target Mr. Hollande's communications"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the NSA had intercepted communications from President Francois Hollande - and former leaders between 2006-12 !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the allegations prompted a backlash from the French government - with Mr. Hollande saying !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he would not tolerate acts - that threaten France's security !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "from previous scoops, the French have known for years - that they were spied on by the US !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "only last month it was revealed that the Germans - acting on behalf of the NSA - were snooping after industrial secrets !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US spied on three French Presidents - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the French President, François Hollande - is holding an emergency meeting !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "after claims that the NSA spied on three successive French presidents - between 2006 and 2012 !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the leaked documents, marked "top secret" - were filed in an NSA document labelled "Espionnage Elysée" - Elysée Spy !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "documents suggest that other US spy targets included French cabinet ministers - and the French ambassador to the US !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the documents include summaries of conversations - between French government officials !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the global financial crisis - and the future of the European Union !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the relationship between Hollande and Merkel - and French efforts to determine the make-up of the executive staff of the United Nations !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

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NSA eavesdrops the French President - WikiLeaks: LINK ¤ WIKILEAKS

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  • "the French President Francois Hollande has approved holding secret meetings - to discuss the eurozone !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on 18 May, Hollande directed Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault - to set up a meeting at the Office of the President for the following week !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "special emphasis would be given to the French economy in general - and for French banks in particular !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in addition, secret meetings are to be held between French officials - and members of the Social Democratic Party, SPD !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ayrault warned the President to keep the event a secret - so as to avoid diplomatic problems !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "earlier reporting reveals that following talks - last week with Merkel !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Hollande complained that - nothing of substance was achieved !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was purely - for show !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Merkel had been fixated - on the fiscal pact !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and above all on Greece - on which she was unwilling to budge !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this made Hollande very worried for Greece - and the Greek people !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Millions rally for Unity in France - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "more than three million people take part - in the peaceful unity marches across France !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the French government says the rally turnout, at least 3.7 million - is the highest on record !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the marchers chant - "liberte" - "fraternity"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

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  • "many wave French flags, cheer - and sing the national anthem !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Laurent:  "we defend our values liberty - equality - and fraternity !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 


 

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  • "we need more justice - and more social justice !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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François Hollande keeps Election Promise of raising Taxes for Wealthiest - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "France's Socialist government announces tax rises worth7.2bn - mainly targeting the wealthiest households, and biggest corporations !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Hollande's election promise: "if there are sacrifices to be made - and there will be - then it will be for the wealthiest to make them !!!!!!!!!!!!""

 

 

 

 

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  • "more than half the measures target the country's richest - and just under half target big business !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they include lowering France's wealth tax threshold - which had been raised by Sarkozy !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Hollande now adds a one-off higher levy on those with net wealth - of more than1.3m !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "inheritance tax, which had been loosened by Sarkozy - will be tightened !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "banks face - higher taxes !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "as do petrol companies through a new tax - on energy firms holding oil stocks !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a 3% "dividend tax" must be paid by companies - on dividends distributed to shareholders !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the tax on financial transactions - doubles to 0.2% !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • the Prime Minister, Jean-Marc Ayrault:  "the tax increases focuses - on the biggest corporations !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "poorer households - and the lower middle classes are spared !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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French Ministers sign up to Austerity Wages and sober Code of Conduct - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the members of France's new government - take up their posts !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with President François Hollande's promise of "dignity, simplicity, and sobriety" - ringing in their ears !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for the first time - half of the 34 appointed ministers are women !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "seven of the new posts go to ministers - from French ethnic minorities !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the first council of ministers the government votes on its first measure - a 30% wage reduction for all ministers and the president !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "( the first move of Sarkozy - had  been to increase his salary by about 170% ! )"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in another move in keeping with the tone of sobriety in office - ministers are told they would be expected !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to adhere to a strict - code of conduct !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 


 

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  • "the code rules out presents and private invitations - and encourages ministers to take the train whenever possible !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "ministers are also instructed to demonstrate their commitment - to the transparency in government !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by signing a public declaration of interests - listing all their property !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 


 

 

 

 


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Socialist Party wins absolute Majority in Parliament - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Hollande's Socialist party wins an absolute majority - in the French Parliament !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Socialists are predicted to take between 308 and 320 seats - in the 577-seat National Assembly !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sarkozy and his UMP party are braced for a bitter internal leadership battle - after a low score !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Green party wins around 19 seats - and forms a Green parliamentary group !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chirac - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS209

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  • "Chirac stressed issues on which France - and the US differed !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the importance - of the Kyoto protocol !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the establishment - of an "international tax"  !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 


 

 

 

 

 

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Socialists on EU Constitution Campaign - US cable - 2005:
LINK ¤ 05PARIS1106

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  • "US ambassador pressed Hollande - to revise !"

 

 

 

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  • "the text of the PS, Social Democratic Party - poster and manifesto !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which reads:  "yes to a strong Europe - facing against the USA"  !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "oui a une Europe forte - face aux USA !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Services Directive - US cable - 2005:
LINK ¤ 05PARIS1856

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  • "Jacques Chirac strongly restated - France's position !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "on the proposed services directive - the so-called "Bolkestein directive" - regarding services in the EU !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "calling the current text "unacceptable" - and that it must be "completely re-examined"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the "services directive" represented just that kind - of unbridled free market concept !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that France and the French - generally oppose !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 


 

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comment US:

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  • "this is a setback for the prospects - for US companies !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Bolkestein Directive - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS2006

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  • "Chirac persuaded the EU heads of state and government - to send back !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "to the drawing board the "services directive" - the so-called "Bolkestein directive"  !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the "country of origin principal" - of the proposed directive !"

 

 

 

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  • "like the unrestrained, free-market-oriented - proposed EU constitution itself !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "would had opened the door - to competition !"

 

 

 

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  • "would had been a drift - towards a more liberal !"

 

 

 

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  • "and less socially Europe !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU Referendum - US cable - 2005:
LINK ¤ 05PARIS2085

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  • "two recent polls showed that a majority - of those who had decided !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "rejects - the proposed EU constitution !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

 

 

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EU Referendum - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS2942

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  • "France is against a liberal - free market Europe !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "most people in France - remain deeply attached !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to its much vaunted - social model !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to the "French social model" - and to the welfare state !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 


 

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comment US:

 

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  • "the proposed EU constitution would had indeed - enshrined liberal principles !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that is precisely why so many French people - are against it !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 





 

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EU Referendum - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS3722

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  • "French voters massively vote "no" - in the May 29 referendum !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the proposed constitution - for the EU !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the voter turn-out is high - 70% !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with 55 percent voting - "no"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Media: EU Referendum - US cable - 2005:
LINK ¤ 05PARIS3809


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the Shockwave of May 29 -
Le Figaro:

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  • "this is now the second rejection - of the proposed EU constitution !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in both cases - the vote indicates !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is a rejection - of a certain market-based type of Europe !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is a rejection - of a liberal, free-market model !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

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Media: EU Referendum - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05PARIS3727


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the Impasse -
Le Monde:

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  • "France's "No" - is no accident !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the victory of the "No" - and its magnitude !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the question remainswhat is the political answer ?!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to the "No" - expressed by a majority of the French !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU Referendum - Catholic La Croix:

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  • "the scaffold of this proposed EU constitution - has fallen !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "( of this certain kind - of market oriented text ! )"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we must - pick it up !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and give back to Europe - its original grandeur !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we must build - on it !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "we must build a social - and just Europe !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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FRANCE - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ FRANCE

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  • "officially the French Republic - "République Française" - is a sovereign country in western Europe - that includes overseas regions and territories !!!!!!"

 

 

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  • "the Constitution of France establishes the state as secular and democratic - with its sovereignty derived from the people !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

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FRANCE - Wikipedia Français: LINK ¤ FRANCE

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France - Map: LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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