Paris




the first Universal Agreement on Climate - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "governments signalls an end to the fossil fuel era  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "committing to a universal agreement - to cut greenhouse gas emissions !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "negotiators from nearly 200 countries signs on to a legal agreement on Saturday evening - in an exhibition hall on the outskirts of Paris"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that set ambitious goals - and to hold governments to account for reaching those targets !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the agreement sets a new goal - to reach net zero emissions in the second half of the century !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and sent a powerful signal hastening the transition away from fossil fuels - and to a clean energy economy !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Laurent Fabius, the French foreign minister, brought down a special leaf-shaped gavel - to adopt the agreement !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the hall erupted in applause and cheers !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the agreement is a victory for the United Nations  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the agreement now known as the "Paris Agreement" - commits richer countries, rising economies and some of the poorer countries"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to work together - to curb emissions !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the richer countries agree to raise US$ 100bn a year from 2020 on - to help poorer countries transform their economies !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the overall agreement is legally binding - but some elements !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including the pledges to curb emissions by individual countries, and the climate finance elements - are not !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it incorporates commitments from 187 countries to reduce emissions - which are not yet strong enough !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

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  • "the French hosts win praise from negotiators for using a mixture of informal huddles, or "indabas" - and traditional shuttle diplomacy  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to bring the deal home !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the text commits countries to peak greenhouse gas emissions "as soon as possible" - and to seek a balance between emissions, and removals by carbon sinks  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we have to peak before 2030 - and eliminating emissions by 2050 !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "e.g. through reforestation !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "all the countries agree - on five-year reviews of their emissions reductions !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Paris Climate Agreement - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "François Hollande, the French President, appealed to negotiators to approve the 31-page text - and said"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • " countries have a rare chance to make history !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we are at a decisive point in time !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it’s an outpouring of emotion inside the plenary hall - people are weeping and celebrating, hugging and exchanging kisses, weeping freely  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the French Foreign Minister Fabius is happy  ! - and so he deserves to be !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he is now thanking all those - who helped reach this historic agreement !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and Hollande - are hugging the UN Climate Chief Figueres, and Tubiana"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Hollande has joined everyone on the platform, holding hands in the air with Figueres - Fabius and the other dignatories on stage, as they receive continued applause  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""you have to gavel"  ! - we can hear Figueres telling Fabius"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it’s a small gavel - but I think it can do a great job !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "jokes Fabius - as he brings the gavel down ! - signalling the deal has been done !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""I call to order the 11th sesion of the 21st COP !" - says Fabius"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I now invite the COP to adopt the document the Paris Agreement - I see no objections !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Paris Agreement - is adopted !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we have a deal !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the agreement as a whole sends a strong message to citizens - that new energy is clean, and fossil fuels belong to the past !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but there is also a lot of work ahead - to make this happen !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Lalldor Thorgeirsson, director of strategy at the UN Climate Secretariat, says - "we are now nearly there  !""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we have unity !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "asked what had been the decisive factor  ? - he said there were several"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including the growing realisation - that dealing with climate !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "can be - a positive agenda !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the French hosts have adopted a traditional South African negotiating format - to speed up decision-making and bring opposing countries together"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Zulu and Xhosa communities use - "indabas"  !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to give everyone equal opportunity to voice their opinions - in order to work toward consensus !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the main countries form a standing circle in the middle of hundreds of delegates - and talk directly to each other  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "instead of repeating stated positions - diplomats are encouraged to talk personally and quietly about their "red lines"  !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and to propose solutions - to each other !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is a very effective way to streamline negotiations - and bridge differences !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it has the advantage of being participatory - yet fair !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Laurent Fabius:  "one of us the other day reminded us - of Nelson Mandela’s sentence  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it always seems impossible - until it’s done !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the world is holding its breath - it’s counting on all of us !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "here in France there is a certain momentum - particularly in connection with mobilising civil society !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this is a positive environment !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this type of planetary configuration - has never been as good as today !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

 

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UN CLIMATE CONFERENCE - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ UN CLIMATE CONFERENCE

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  • "the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference - COP 21 - was held in France  !"

 

 

 

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  • "the conference reached its objective - to achieve the first universal agreement on climate !!!"

 

 

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