Middle East




peaceful Mass Demonstrations in Lebanon - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "in all peaceful mass demonstrations - there is one striking thing !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the people - are united !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the people are joyfully - waving Lebanese flags !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the people are not divided - as some have claimed !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they said it was too complex - and they got a fix share !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and now, in these days, the problems are - because one do not want to reduce his fix share !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Hariri stood down during nationwide protests, on 29 October - that have accused the entire political elite of corruption  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the protesters demand an independent head of government - and a cabinet made up of real experts !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "truly independent professionals - is a key demand of the protesters !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "( after weeks of bickering, the political parties failed to put forward independent names - most of them insisting on keeping their stake in government ! )"

 

 

 

 

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  • "(( Lebanon had a complex political system, where power was shared among religious groups - the prime minister was always a Sunni - the president a Maronite Christian - and the speaker of parliament a Shia Muslim ))"

 

 

 

 

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  • "((( and this sectarian power-sharing - is now the greatest obstacle ! )))

 

 

 

 

 

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  • the UN's representative in Lebanon Jan Kubis says:  "politicians should understand - that they cannot neglect the voice of the people !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with this economy - it would be a risky hazard both for the politicians - but even more so for Lebanon, and its people !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the financial, economic, and social problems - must be solved !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as best as possible !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the protesters want - real democracy !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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United Nations make resounding Vote in Favour of Palestinian State
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the United Nations General Assembly votes overwhelmingly !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to recognise Palestine - as a state !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the 193-member assembly voted 138 in favour of the plan - with only nine against, and 41 abstentions  !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Mahmoud Abbas - the Palestinian President:  "this moment is the moment for the world - to say clearly !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "enough of aggression - settlements - and occupation !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Hillary Clinton:  "only through direct negotiations - between the parties !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "can the Palestinians and Israelis achieve the peace - that both deserve !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "two states - for two people !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with a sovereign - viable and independent Palestine !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "living side-by-side - in peace and security !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with a Jewish and democratic Israel !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

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Palestinian State-Building - United Nations - PDF: LINK ¤ UN REPORT

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  • "Palestinian governmental functions are now sufficient - for a functioning government of a state !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this reaffirms the World Bank’s assessment:  !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "if the Palestinian Authority, PA - maintains its current performance in institution-building and delivery of public services !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is well positioned - for the establishment of a state !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Palestinian Authority - PA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY

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  • "the Palestinian National Authority is the self-government body !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "established to govern the West Bank - and Gaza Strip !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a consequence of the 1993 Oslo Accords  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the Palestine Papers - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "more than 1,600 confidential Palestine papers - recording Middle East talks with Israel and the US  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Palestinian Unity Talks - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "a negotiating team that represents all major Palestinian factions - must be formed !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and Israel has to accept - that a state created on 1967 borders !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and not around them !!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

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  • "is the minimum price - for peace !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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UNO-Vollversammlung erkennt Palästina Beobachterstatus zu - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "mit Jubel reagieren Menschen in vielen arabischen Staaten - auf die Anerkennung Palästinas als Beobachterstaat durch die Vereinten Nationen !!!!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "UNO-Generalsekretär Ban Ki-moon ruft Israel und die Palästinenser - zu verantwortungsbewusstem Handeln auf !!"

 

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  • "und appelliert an die internationale Gemeinschaft - neue Verhandlungen voll zu unterstützen !!"

 

 

 

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  • "die Palästinenser haben das Recht - in ihrem eigenen unabhängigen Staat zu leben !!!!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "Israel hat das Recht - in Frieden und Sicherheit mit seinen Nachbarn zu leben !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Zugang zu internationalen Gerichten für Palästina - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "mit der weiteren Aufwertung des Status - bescheinigen die Vereinten Nationen den Palästinensern Staatsqualität !!!!"

 

 

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  • "die Autonomiebehörde in Ramallah kann bestimmten UN-Organisationen - und völkerrechtlichen Verträgen beitreten !!!"

 

 

 

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  • "außerdem erhalten die Palästinenser Zugang zur internationalen Gerichtsbarkeit !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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King Abdullah on Palestine
- US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09AMMAN1006

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  • "the goal for Palestine - should not only be a process !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but more a "57-state solution"  !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including all Arab and Muslim states !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Jordanian Foreign Ministry - US cable - 2002: LINK ¤ 02AMMAN3427

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  • "the Jordanian foreign ministry supports - the establishment of a Palestinian state !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the basis - of the 1967 borders !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Jordan is ready to work towards - a comprehensive settlement !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that leads - to a lasting peace !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and normal relations - between Arabs and Israelis !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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LEBANON - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ LEBANON













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Mohammad Mosaddegh - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ MOSADDEGH

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  • "Mohammad Mosaddegh is the democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran - from 1951 to 1953 !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "his administration introduces a range of progressive social - and political reforms !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "such as social security - rent control - and land reforms !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "his government's most notable policy - is the nationalisation of the oil industry !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Mosaddegh was removed from power - in a coup on 19 August 1953 !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "organised and carried out - by the CIA !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "most of Iran's oil reserves were in the Persian Gulf area - and had been developed !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "by the British Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, AIOC - for export !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "because of a growing consciousness - of how little Iran was getting - from the AIOC for its oil  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and refusal of the AIOC to offer a 50-50% profit sharing deal to Iran - as Aramco had to Saudi Arabia !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "nationalization of oil was an important - and popular issue !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the new administration introduces - a wide range of social reforms !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "unemployment compensation - and factory owners were ordered to pay benefits to sick and injured workers !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on 1 May, Mosaddegh nationalized the AIOC - cancelling its oil concession and expropriating its assets !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • Mosaddegh:  "our long years of negotiations with foreign countries - have yielded no results thus far !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with the oil revenues we can meet our entire budget - and combat poverty !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the nationalization law provided that 25% of the net profits on oil be set aside - to meet the claims of compensation  !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but Britain announced a blockade !"

 

 

 

 

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  • American Secretary of State Dean Acheson:  "the British were destructive - and determined on a rule-or-ruin policy !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the American position shifted - and both worked together toward Mosaddegh's removal !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "1953, the CIA drafted plans to overthrow Mossadegh - known as "Operation Ajax"  !"

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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MIDDLE EAST - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ MIDDLE EAST

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  • "the Middle East - or Mid East - is a region in Western Asia"

 

 

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Middle East - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA

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middle east - 1411ME
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