Syria




Syria Report - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Kurds, Armenians, Assyrians, Christians, Druze"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Alawite Shia and Arab Sunnis, the last of who make up a majority of the Muslim population"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "political power, some time held by a small - mainly Alawite - elite"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is being hotly contested by the Arab Spring"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the government deals harshly with opposition, who demands democracy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in 2011-12 security forces used tanks, gunfire and mass arrests to try to crush anti-government street protests"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this opposition rapidly began to organise political, for an uprising against the Baath government"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the stand-off escalated into civil war, with defections from the governing elite signalling the steady collapse of central authority"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the world stage the Assad regime became increasingly isolated"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US, Turkey, Gulf states, France and Britain recognised the "National Coalition of the Syrian Opposition""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as the sole legitimate representative of the Syrian people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Kurdish Fighters push Isis out of Kobane - Haaretz: LINK ¤ HAARETZ

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  • "Syrian Kurdish fighters pushed islamic state jihadists out of the embattled town of Kobane"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) captured the Kani Araban district from the extremists"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and retook the last remaining areas of the town, which lies on the Turkish border"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Kobane defense chief Ismet Hassan: "we call on the world to open a humanitarian corridor to support Kobane"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "1.6 million Syrians have fled their country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US drops Weapons to Kurds in Syria
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "US cargo planes made multiple drops of arms and supplies provided by Kurdish authorities in Iraq"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to enable continued resistance to islamic state efforts to take full control of Kobani"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the air drops followed weeks of US and coalition air strikes in and near Kobani"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu: "Turkey was facilitating the passage of Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga fighters to Kobani"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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biggest
Appeal in UN History - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the United Nations have launched the largest emergency appeal in its history"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US$ 5bn"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "half the population needs humanitarian aid"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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UN Agencies Appeal
- the Guardian
: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "joint appeal by five UN agencies to the international community:"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after more than two years of conflict and more than 70,000 deaths"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after more than five million people have been forced to leave their homes"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including over a million refugees living in severely stressed neighbouring countries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after all this, there still seems an insufficient sense of urgency"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that could put a stop to the cruelty and carnage in Syria"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we, leaders of UN agencies charged with dealing with the human costs of this tragedy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "appeal to political leaders to meet their responsibility to the people of Syria and to the future of the region"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to use their collective influence to insist on a political solution"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the name of all those who have so suffered, and the many more whose futures hang in the balance:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "enough ! - summon and use your influence, now"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to save the Syrian people and save the region from disaster"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Valerie Amos, the UN's humanitarian chief - Ertharin Cousin, head of the World Food Programme"

 

 

 

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  • "António Guterres, the UN's refugee chief - Anthony Lake head of UNICEF - and World Health Organisation director-general Margaret Chan"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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1 Million Refugees - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the number of Syrian refugees who have fled the conflict"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "has reached 1 million"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "UN high commissioner for refugees Antonio Guterres, called for international support for host countries"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the international humanitarian response capacity is dangerously stretched"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this tragedy has to be stopped !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "UNICEF, the UN children’s agency, which funds Oxfam’s emergency work at the Za'atari refugee camp in Jordan"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "has only received 9% of requested funds"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Food Aid
- the Guardian
: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the UN World Food Programme - WFP - said 2.5 million people"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "needed emergency food aid"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "long queues for bread are now "the norm" across Syria"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Putin 'not that preoccupied' with Assad - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Vladimir Putin is not concerned about the fate of President Bashar al-Assad"

 

 

 

 

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  • "saying that Russia wants only stability in Syria"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "without a doubt, change is demanded"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Syrian Military Police Chief defects to Opposition - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the head of Syria's military police has defected from the army"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and declared allegiance to the uprising against Bashar al-Assad"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the army had been derailed from its basic mission of protecting the people"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and became a gang for killing and destruction"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the military is destroying cities and villages"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "committing massacres against our innocent people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "who came out to demand freedom"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Amnesty International: LINK ¤ AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL

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  • Amnesty International Report: "the crimes of the Syrian government"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and human rights violations committed against civilians"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "amount to crimes against humanity"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they are part of a widespread, as well as systematic, attack against the civilian population"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "carried out in an organized manner"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Amnesty International calls to hold those responsible to account"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including by referring to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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-
Capital: Damascus - [
SARG = Syrian Arab Republic Government ]


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Bashar al-Assad
- US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07DAMASCUS730

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  • "Assad's oath-taking ceremony:"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I will be one of you, working for your interests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the satisfaction of the people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Bashar's Money - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08DAMASCUS54

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  • "as the US consider ways to pressure the regime, one possibility would be to go after Assad's money-men"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "four individuals Assad uses to make and move money:"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Zuhair Sahloul, Nabil Kuzbari, Assad's uncle Mohammad Makhlouf, and his father-in-law, Fawas Akhras"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Zuhair Sahloul (Abu Shafic) is the most important black-market money changer in Syria"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in addition to being the father of Syria's poster-boy for corruption, Rami Makhlouf"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Mohammad Makhlouf has long served as a financial advisor to the Assad family"

 

 

 

 

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  • "because of Makhlouf's excesses and Assad's inherited propensity to limit the power and influence of his family members"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Nabil Kuzbari has played an increasingly important role for the first-family"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:

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  • "taking action against those linked to corruption is a win-win proposition for us"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "such a move would also be popular with the average Syrian"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Rami Makhlouf
- US cable - 2008:
LINK ¤ 08DAMASCUS70

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  • "the US strategy focus on linking Rami Makhlouf's corrupt activities to consequences suffered by the Syrian people:"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in some of the largest economic sectors - electricity, petroleum, and telecommunications"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Makhlouf has used government instruments to squeeze out legitimate businessmen"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "received lucrative public contracts"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and established cash cows and then milked them with impunity from oversight"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since GSM mobile service was first introduced in 2000"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Syrians have been forced to choose between two providers"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Makhlouf's SyriaTel"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and Areeba (now MTN), owned by first lady Asma al-Akhras' family"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Syria's Population - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09DAMASCUS825

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  • "60 percent of Syria's population is under 25"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "57 percent of that population is unemployed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Refugees - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08DAMASCUS442

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  • "UNHCR - UN Refugees Agency - registered 203,982 Iraqi refugees"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Human Rights - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07DAMASCUS433

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  • "Canada is concerned about the ongoing trials of opposition figure Kamal Labwani"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and intellectuals Michel Kilo, Mahmoud Issa, Khalil Hussein and Suleiman al-Shummar"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Syria must ensure that its domestic laws and practices"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "are in keeping with its international human rights obligations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "release all political prisoners"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and take concrete steps toward respecting and protecting human rights"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "guaranteeing freedom of expression, assembly and association"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "starting with the recall of its 44-year-old emergency law"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "guarantee its citizens the right to genuinely democratic legislative and presidential elections"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as part of a fully fair and participatory political process"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and providing its citizens freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Al Jazeera
- Syria - Live Blog:
LINK ¤ AL JAZEERA



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Syria pledges to withdraw Troops from the Streets - the Telegraph: LINK ¤ the TELEGRAPH

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  • "Syria has pledged to withdraw forces from its streets"

 

 

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  • "under an Arab League-brokered peace deal"

 

 

 

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  • Abdulfattah Ammura, the deputy foreign minister: "Syria means what it says"

 

 

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  • "and we will implement the Arab League agreement"

 

 

 

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  • "every aspect of it"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Obama: Syria would be a better Place without Assad - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the White House decried Assad's "heinous actions""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we are all watching with horror, what he is doing to his own people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he has lost his legitimacy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Syria would be a better place without him"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Kurden kontrollieren wieder Kobane - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "nach monatelangen Kämpfen haben kurdische Kämpfer die nordsyrische Stadt Kobane"

 

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  • "vollständig von der IS befreit"

 

 

 

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  • "damit endete nach rund vier Monaten eine der erbittertsten Schlachten im syrischen Bürgerkrieg"

 

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  • "man hofft nun, die Extremisten auch in anderen Kampfgebieten zurückdrängen zu können"

 

 

 

 

 

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Hilfe für Kurden in Kobane - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die Türkei erleichtert Peschmerga-Milizen aus dem kurdischen Nordirak den Zugang zu der eingeschlossenen Stadt Kobane in Syrien"

 

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  • "US-Flugzeuge haben erstmals Waffen für die kurdischen Kämpfer gegen die IS-Miliz nahe Kobane abgeworfen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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UN-Sicherheitsrat einstimmig für Syrien-Resolution - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "der UN-Sicherheitsrat hat einstimmig das Ende der Belagerung von Städten im Bürgerkriegsland Syrien gefordert"

 

 

 

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  • "er verlangt die sofortige Aufhebung der Belagerung syrischer Städte"

 

 

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  • "und ein sofortiges Ende der Angriffe auf Zivilisten"

 

 

 

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  • "außerdem wurde ein ungehinderter Zugang für Hilfsorganisationen zu Bedürftigen gefordert"

 

 

 

 

 

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UN-Appell - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die Vereinten Nationen lancierten den bisher größten Hilfsappell in ihrer Geschichte"

 

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  • "insgesamt sind es rund fünf Milliarden US-Dollar (umgerechnet rund 3,8 Milliarden Euro)"

 

 

 

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  • "um den mehr als 1,6 Millionen syrischen Flüchtlingen im Libanon, in Jordanien, in der Türkei, im Irak und in Nordafrika zu helfen"

 

 

 

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  • "6,8 Millionen Syrer sind in unterschiedlicher Weise auf humanitäre Unterstützung angewiesen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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UN-Chef Ban Ki-moon - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "Assad sollte sich bewusst werden, dass er zu weit gegangen ist"

 

 

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  • "wie kann er so weitermachen ?"

 

 

 

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  • "er sollte darauf hören, was sein Volk möchte"

 

 

 

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  • "er hätte schon vor langer Zeit viel weiterreichende Reformen vornehmen müssen"

 

 

 

 

 

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Chef der syrischen Militärpolizei desertiert
- der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • in Syrien ist erneut ein hochrangiger Beamter des Regimes von Bashar al-Assad zu der Opposition übergelaufen"

 

 

 

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  • "die Armee ist von ihrer Mission, das Volk zu schützen, abgekommen"

 

 

 

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  • "und zu einer marodierenden, mordenden Bande geworden"

 

 

 

 

 

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Opposition ist einziger Vertreter des syrischen Volkes - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "als erster westlicher Staat erkennt Frankreich das neue syrische Oppositionsbündnis als einzigen Vertreter des syrischen Volkes an"

 

 

 

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  • "zuvor hatten bereits die Arabische Liga und die Golfstaaten den neuen syrischen Oppositionsblock"

 

 

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  • "als rechtmäßigen Vertreter Syriens anerkannt"

 

 

 

 

 

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UNO-Vollversammlung verurteilt Syrien mit großer Mehrheit - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die UNO-Vollversammlung hat das sofortige Ende der Gewalt in Syrien gefordert"

 

 

 

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  • "in der Resolution werden "systematische Menschenrechtsverletzungen" in Syrien angeprangert"

 

 

 

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  • "die syrische Führung wird aufgerufen, die Gewalt gegen die Zivilbevölkerung "unverzüglich" einzustellen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Nabil al-Arabi - Arabische Liga - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die Arabische Liga hatte ein Ende des Blutvergießens gefordert"

 

 

 

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  • "die Freilassung der Gefangenen und den Beginn echter Reformen"

 

 

 

 

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  • "all dies ist nicht geschehen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SYRIA
- Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ SYRIA

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Sūriyā - Wikipedia AR: LINK ¤ Sūriyā
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syria - 14118SY
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