Arabia



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Saudi Arabia tells Citizens to ignore Cables - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Saudi Arabia has warned its citizens to ignore thousands of its diplomatic documents leaked by the transparency site WikiLeaks"

 

 

 

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  • "which give a rare insight into the kingdom’s habit of buying influence and monitoring dissidents"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the 61,000 Saudi cables, the first tranche of 500,000, also show the country’s sharp focus on its strategic rival Iran"

 

 

 

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  • "and support for allies and clients in Lebanon, Iraq, Yemen and elsewhere in the Middle East"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but routine secret correspondence from the foreign ministry in Riyadh and embassies abroad, some from as recently as April this year"

 

 

 

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  • "catalogues many of the preoccupations of the conservative monarchy, the world’s biggest oil exporter, especially during the turbulent period of the Arab spring from early 2011"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "correspondence from the embassy in Beirut shows contacts with the Lebanese Forces leader, Samir Geagea, over cash payments to ease financial problems"

 

 

 

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  • "Geagea had publicly defended Saudi Arabia and generally shown readiness to do whatever the kingdom asks of him"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "correspondence from the Saudi embassy in London shows filming of protesters and a discussion of legal action against the Guardian over an article by Saad al-Faqih"

 

 

 

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  • "an appearance by Faqih on Egypt’s ON TV channel brought a proposal to "find out how to co-opt it""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but the billionaire owner of the station, Naguib Sawiris, did not want to be "opposed to the kingdom’s policies""

 

 

 

 

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  • "and he ordered that Faqih never be interviewed again"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "cables show efforts to back opponents of Nouri al-Maliki, the then Shia prime minister of Iraq"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "according to one document, Gulf states were prepared to pay US$ 10bn"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to secure the release of the deposed Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the documents include several references to "hostile" media"

 

 

 

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  • "the papers also show how they purchased hundreds or thousands of subscriptions to publications in Damascus, Abu Dhabi, Beirut, Kuwait, Jordan and Mauritania in order to secure favourable coverage"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "influence and money are recurring themes"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "reports from Sana’a state that the proceeds of the sale of 3m barrels of oil given to Yemen in 2012 never reached the country’s treasury"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ala’a Shehabi, a Bahraini dissident concerned by the Saudi intervention in her country, called the trove"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a rare insight into the most opaque regime in the world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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QATAR
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ QATAR



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Capital: Doha | Population: 2.1 million


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Qatar Investment Authority - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09DOHA691

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  • "Qatar Investment Authority executive Hussain Al-Abdulla predicted long term economic problems for the US and Europe"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which are spending too much capital supporting big banks and big businesses"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and not enough to help save all the small businesses in deep trouble"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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UN Agency criticises Qatar over Migrant Workers' Rights - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the International Labour Organisation has criticised Qatar over its policy towards overseas construction workers"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the ILO's criticism of Qatar is exceptionally strong"

 

 

 

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  • "and confirms the appalling lack of even the most basic legal protections for Qatar's exploited migrant workforce"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Qatar's rulers must end their system of modern slavery"

 

 

 

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  • "and accept that their outdated and repressive labour laws have to change"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a series of reports and studies by human rights organisations have shown"

 

 

 

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  • "that large numbers of the 1.4 million migrant workers in Qatar endure appalling conditions"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that some are left effectively trapped in the country by the kafala system"

 

 

 

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  • "that ties them to their employers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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World Cup Slaves - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "dozens of Nepalese migrant labourers have died in Qatar and thousands more are enduring appalling labour abuses"

 

 

 

 

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  • "raising serious questions about Qatar's preparations to host the 2022 World Cup"

 

 

 

 

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  • "according to documents obtained from the Nepalese embassy in Doha, at least 44 workers died between 4 June and 8 August"

 

 

 

 

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  • "many have not been paid for months and had their salaries retained to stop them running away"

 

 

 

 

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  • "employers routinely confiscate passports, in effect reducing them to the status of illegal aliens"

 

 

 

 

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  • "workers were forced to work long hours in temperatures of up to 50C (122F) without access to drinking water"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the overall picture is of one of the richest nations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "exploiting one of the poorest"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to get ready for the world's most popular sporting tournament"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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die WM 2022 in schiefem Licht - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 2022 in Katar wirfte ihre Schatten voraus"

 

 

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  • "dutzende vor allem nepalesische Arbeitskräfte sind auf den Baustellen für das Megaevent ums Leben gekommen"

 

 

 

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  • "tausende Arbeiter sind mit sklavenähnlichen Zuständen und extremen wie miserablen Arbeitsbedingungen konfrontiert"

 

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  • "Arbeiter beklagen, dass sie monatelang keinen Lohn erhalten"

 

 

 

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  • "ihre Pässe konfisziert wurden und sie damit einen "Illegalen"-Status erhielten"

 

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  • "dass sie trotz Wüstenhitze kein Trinkwasser und überdies teilweise 24 Stunden lang nichts zu essen bekommen"

 

 

 

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  • "es zeichnet ein düsteres Bild, eines der reichsten Länder dieser Welt"

 

 

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  • "nützt die Ärmsten dazu aus, das populärste Sportevent dieses Planeten auf die Beine zu stellen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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BAHRAIN - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ BAHRAIN


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Capital: Manama | Population: 1.3 million



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Energy - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09MANAMA647

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  • "deputy prime minister Mohammed bin Mubarak Al Khalifa told US ambassador that Bahrain would like"

 

 

 

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  • "US assistance and guidance"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in developing a domestic nuclear energy program"

 

 

 

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  • "a US company should build and operate a plant"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US Trade - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09MANAMA646

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  • "the US goods trade balance with Bahrain went"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to a surplus of US$ 291 million"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US exports were US$ 829.5 million, up 40.3 percent from the previous year"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "because of the United States-Bahrain free trade agreement (FTA)"

 

 

 

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  • "100 percent of bilateral trade in consumer and industrial products became"

 

 

 

 

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  • "duty free"

 

 

 

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  • "Bahrain permits 100 percent foreign ownership of new industrial entities"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Central Bank Governor
- US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07MANAMA1089

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  • "Central Bank of Bahrain Governor Rasheed Al-Maraj told US treasury secretary Robert Kimmitt"

 

 

 

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  • "that despite controversy surrounding the decline of the dollar's value in relation to the euro"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it remained unlikely that any additional Arabian country beyond Kuwait"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "would de-peg from the dollar"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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do no Harm - Bahrain Center for Human Rights: LINK ¤ PHR REPORT

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  • "a call for Bahrain to end systematic attacks on doctors and patients"

 

 

 

 

 

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Ärzte und Pfleger nach Unruhen vor Militärgericht - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD





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KUWAIT - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ KUWAIT


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Capital: Kuwait City
| Population: 4.0 million





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UNITED ARAB EMIRATES - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ UNITED ARAB EMIRATES


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Capital: Abu Dhabi | Population: 5.7 million





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OMAN - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ OMAN


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Capital: Muscat
| Population: 4.2 million




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Sultan kündigt nach Protesten Reformen an - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "Parlament soll künftig Gesetze beschließen und Regierung kontrollieren"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Saleh Clan
- US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05SANAA1352

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  • "a member of a group of pragmatic, reform-minded government insiders:"

 

 

 

 

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  • "President Saleh is more interested in enriching his family"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "than in making the strategic choices necessary to lead Yemen into the future"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Saleh listens to no one"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and is unrealistically and stupidly confident that he will always make the right decisions"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "everyone has had it with the corruption of Saleh and his family"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the outrageous costs of the celebration of the fifteenth Unity Day being held in Mukalla of more than US$ 300 million"

 

 

 

 

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  • "most of which will go into the pockets of those government officials arranging the show"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Arab League: LINK ¤ ARAB LEAGUE

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  • "the Arab League is a regional organization of Arab countries. The League has 22 members"

 

 

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  • "current Arab League Secretary-General: Nabil Elaraby"

 

 

 

 

 

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Arab Charter on Human Rights
: LINK ¤ ACHR

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  • "the ACHR was adopted by the Council of the League of Arab States in 2004 and affirms some of the principles contained in the UN Charter"

 

 

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  • "but there is an incompatibility of some of its provisions with international norms and standards"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ARABIAN PENINSULA
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ ARABIA

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  • "the Arabian Peninsula - Arabia - al-jazira - is a peninsula of Western Asia situated north-east of Africa on the Arabian plate"

 

 

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Arabia - Map: LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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