Saudi Cables



Arab Spring
- Wall Street Journal - Saudi cable - 2011: LINK ¤ DOC119060

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  • "Saudi Arabia is a Sunni Muslim kingdom of ethnic Arabs - Iran a Shiite Islamic republic populated by ethnic Persians"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Arabs and Persians, along with many others, have vied for the land and resources of the Middle East since 632"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Saudi sphere are the Sunni Muslim-led Gulf monarchies, Egypt, Morocco and the main Palestinian faction, Fatah"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for decades, the two sides have carried out a complicated game of moves and countermoves"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with few exceptions, both prefer to work through proxy politicians and covertly funded militias"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Arab Spring: "the protests that began in Tunisia had nothing to do with any of this"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they started when a struggling street vendor in that country's desolate heartland publicly set himself on fire after a local officer cited his cart for a municipal violation"

 

 

 

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  • "his frustration, multiplied hundreds of thousands times"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "boiled over in a month of demonstrations against Tunisian President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to the amazement of the Arab world, Ben Ali fled the country when the military declined to back him"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "spurred on by televised images and YouTube videos from Tunisia"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "protests broke out across much of the rest of the Arab world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "within weeks, millions were on the streets in Egypt and Hosni Mubarak was gone"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "shown the door in part by his longtime backer, the US government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Riyadh, Saudi officials watched with alarm"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they became furious when the Obama administration "betrayed" - to Saudi thinking - a longtime ally in Mubarak and urged him to step down in the face of the street demonstrations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "losing Mubarak means that the Saudis now see themselves as the last Sunni giant left in the region"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Saudis were further agitated when the protests crept closer to their own borders"

 

 

 

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  • "in Yemen, on their southern flank, young protesters were suddenly rallying thousands, and then tens of thousands, of their fellow citizens"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to demand the ouster of the regime, led by President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his family for 43 years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "meanwhile, across a narrow expanse of water on Saudi Arabia's northeast border, protesters in Bahrain rallied in the hundreds of thousands around a central roundabout in Manama"

 

 

 

 

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  • "most Bahraini demonstrators were Shiites with a long list of grievances over widespread economic and political discrimination"

 

 

 

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  • "some Sunnis also participated, demanding more say in a government dominated by the Al-Khalifa family since the 18th century"

 

 

 

 

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  • "independent observers saw no sign that the protests were anything but homegrown movements arising from local problems"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but to the Saudis, the rising disorder on their borders fit a pattern"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Saudi Arabian troops crossed the causeway leading to Bahrain on March 14. The ruling family in Bahrain had appealed for assistance in dealing with the protests"

 

 

 

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  • "to the Saudi ears, the suspicions were confirmed when many Bahraini protesters moved beyond demands for greater political and economic participation"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and began demanding a constitutional monarchy or even the outright ouster of the Al-Khalifa family"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "many protesters saw these as reasonable responses to years of empty promises to give a real share of power"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but the Saudis saw calls for reform as another in a string of disappointments and outright betrayals"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the invitation of Bahrain, Saudi armed vehicles and tanks poured across the causeway that separates the two countries"

 

 

 

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  • "they came representing a special contingent under the aegis of the Gulf Cooperation Council, a league of Sunni-led Gulf states, but the Saudis were the major driver"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "one Western-backed regime after another appeared to be on the ropes"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "analysts and democracy advocates see a more complicated picture"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the ramping up of regional tensions has another source:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "fear of democracy itself"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Saudis, who recently negotiated a US$ 60 billion arms deal with the US (the largest in American history)"

 

 

 

 

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  • "say they will increase the size of their armed forces and National Guard"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Saudi officials say that despite the current friction in the US-Saudi relationship, they won't break out of the traditional security arrangement with Washington"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which is based on the understanding that the kingdom works to stabilize global oil prices"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "while the White House protects the ruling family's dynasty"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Saudi Arabia has kept a wary eye on its own population of Shiites, who live in the oil-rich Eastern Province directly across the water from Bahrain"

 

 

 

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  • "despite a small but energetic activist community, Saudi Arabia has largely avoided protests during the Arab Spring, something that the leadership credits to the popularity and conciliatory efforts of King Abdullah"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the regional superpowers view any move toward more democracy at home"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at least on anyone's terms but their own"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a threat to their regimes"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud on Oil
- Saudi cable - 2008: LINK ¤ DOC122304

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  • "the policy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since the establishment of OPEC was based on adopting a fair price for petroleum in a manner that doesn't harm either the producers or the consumers"

 

 

 

 

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  • "we are keen on preserving our national interests"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is a group of elements for the quick and unjustified increase of petroleum prices in the recent time"

 

 

 

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  • "they include the frivolity of the speculators in the market for selfish interests"

 

 

 

 

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  • "OPEC has not issued a decision for pricing since many decades, and left the issue of price to the market"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Oil Quartet - Saudi cable - 2008: LINK ¤ DOC117001

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  • "the following communiqué was issued by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the IAEA, the International Energy Forum and OPEC:"

 

 

 

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  • "ministers and representatives from many oil producing and consuming countries and observers from the oil industry in the world met in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to discuss the current situation of the petroleum market"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the participants expressed concern over the sharp oil price rise and continuous volatility as a result of a combination of factors and reasons"

 

 

 

 

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  • "oil prices and the current state of instability and volatility in the market, do harm the global economy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the participants have acknowledged the importance of improving the state of transparency"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in financial markets and the inter-actions within the petroleum market futures"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Saudi Arabia and the International Oil Market
- Saudi cable - 2005: LINK ¤ DOC124323

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  • Prince Saud Al Faisal, Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia: "the structural flow in the oil industry"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the severe increases in oil prices"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which we have experienced over the past several years is only a phase of a cumulative process that has been going on for some time"

 

 

 

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  • "high energy costs can create long term repercussions to the economies of the world that will affect all of us - consumers as well as producers, both in the industrialized and the emerging economies of the world"

 

 

 

 

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  • "crude oil has doubled in prices to over US$ 65 dollars per barrel since 2002"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "what is going on in the oil industry ?"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the crude supply side, there is currently no shortage of oil"

 

 

 

 

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  • "what is indisputable is the finite depleteable nature of oil"

 

 

 

 

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  • "global proven oil reserves had increased from 550 billion barrels in 1970 to 1.2 trillion"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has declared its plan to increase its production capacity by 2.4 million barrels per day by 2009"

 

 

 

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  • "a balance must be reached between the need for further oil exploration and development and the preservation of the environment"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in recent years, we have witnessed unprecedented mergers and acquisitions on both sides of the Atlantic"

 

 

 

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  • "tremendous resources and capabilities have been concentrated within the hands of a few corporations"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a critical shortfall in the industry's refining sector has been created"

 

 

 

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  • "this in turn has lead to a gap between the oil production of crude oil and consumption of refined products"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Middle East contains over 65% of the world's oil reserves and 45 % of its gas reserves"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Saudi Arabia and Yemen - joint Statment
- Saudi cable - 2004: LINK ¤ DOC120763

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  • "joint statement of King Fahd bin Abdulaziz, Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, and Yemen's President Ali Abdullah Salih:"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the two countries stressed their keenness on advancing relations, and cooperation at all arenas"

 

 

 

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  • "to reflect the spirit embodied by the Jeddah treaty on borders demarcation in June 2000"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and to embody the security cooperation agreement"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the protection of their security to confront all destabilizing actions"

 

 

 

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  • "they affirmed that the joint responsibility of the security"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of two countries should be shouldered by security bodies in the two countries with joint efforts"

 

 

 

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  • "and assignment of joint security arrangements"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Swedish classical Guitarist Celia Linde
- Saudi cable - 2015: LINK ¤ DOC129737

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  • E-Mail to Raif Badawi, Saudi Foreign Ministry:

 

 

 

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  • "I am writing to you today to express my deep concern over the news"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that Saudi blogger Raif Badawi has been so seriously injured"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by the flogging he received two weeks ago, that both his family and the doctors who have examined him both confirm his serious condition"

 

 

 

 

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  • "although I am grateful that the next scheduled flogging of 50 lashes has been postponed, I am alarmed that someone"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "whose only "crime" is setting up a website for peaceful political and social debate"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "has been subjected to a very severe form of torture"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I urge you to please do all in your power to halt these floggings completely, and to review his case with a view to releasing him also from his ten-year sentence"

 

 

 

 

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  • "both the floggings and the draconian jail term are in direct and violent opposition to the principles of justice and jurisprudence held in common throughout the very international community"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "furthermore, the jailing and flogging of Mr. Badawi both violate Article 32 of the Arab Charter on Human Rights"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to which the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a signatory"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "sincerely, Celia Linde"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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RAIF BADAWI - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ BADAWI

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  • "Raif Badawi is a Saudi Arabian writer and activist and the creator of the website "Free Saudi Liberals""

 

 

 

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  • "he was arrested in 2012 on a charge of insulting Islam through electronic channels and brought to court on several charges including apostasy"

 

 

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  • "he was sentenced to ten years in prison and 1,000 lashes, for founding an Internet forum that "violates Islamic values and propagates liberal thought""

 

 

 

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  • "Amnesty International designated him a prisoner of conscience"

 

 

 

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  • "detained solely for peacefully exercising his right to freedom of expression"

 

 

 

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  • "even in Saudi Arabia where state repression is rife, it is beyond the pale to seek the death penalty for an activist whose only 'crime' was to enable social debate online"

 

 

 

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  • "since March 2011 Saudi authorities have continued a relentless campaign of repression in the name of security"

 

 

 

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  • "over the last year Saudi authorities have harassed, investigated, prosecuted, and jailed prominent peaceful dissidents and human rights activists"

 

 

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  • "on vague charges based solely on their peaceful practice of basic rights, particularly the right to free expression"
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saudi cables - 13229SC
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