Iraq




more than 92% of Voters in Iraqi Kurdistan back Independence - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

 

  • "more than 92% of voters in Iraqi Kurdistan have opted for independence !!!! - over 70% of the eligible electorate participated  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the referendum results are an overwhelming endorsement - in support for more autonomy for the Kurdish regions !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Masoud Barzani, the de facto president of the region’s Kurds, uses the strong support for the poll as political leverage"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to help to negotiate a new deal with Iraq !! - a peaceful and democratic solution !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • ( note: the autonomy treaty - until now - was not strong enough, not good enough for the Kurdish people, and some regions were missing  ! )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "like any people conjoined by ethnic identity, land, language and culture"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Kurds have an inalienable right to determine their future path !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but Kurdistan is not suddenly going to declare UDI  ! - ( unless forced to do so  !! )"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Kurdish people want to have a civil state !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "with strong secular, democratic, gender-inclusive and humanitarian values !!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • ( note: which could be a little bit strengthened )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Iraq Report - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

_________________________________________

  • "straddling the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and stretching from the Gulf to the Anti-Taurus Mountains"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "modern Iraq occupies roughly what was once ancient Mesopotamia, one of the cradles of human civilisation"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "part of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th century, it came under British control after WW I, gaining independence in 1932"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a coup in 1968 brought the Arab nationalist Ba'ath (Renaissance) party to power"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "oil made the country rich and, when Saddam Hussein became president in 1979, petroleum made up 95% of its foreign exchange earnings"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but the 1980-88 war with Iran, together with the imposition of international sanctions, had a devastating effect on its economy and society"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "what remained of the economy was largely shattered by the 2003 US invasion"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________
  • "in 2004, the first multi-party elections in 50 years brought an overwhelmingly Shia-dominated coalition to power"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Shia-led government of Nouri al-Maliki failed to unite Iraq's various communities"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "after elections in 2014, the Shia-dominated government was replaced by the less divisive figure of Haider al-Abadi"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and a new broad-based government including Sunni Arabs and Kurds in September 2014"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Iraq is home to several ancient sites, such as the Ziggurat of Ur, a temple thought to be 4,000 years old"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in the north, the Kurdish community has managed to create an autonomous region of its own"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

President Obama authorises Air Strikes - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "Barack Obama announced an open-ended bombing campaign against islamic state militants"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that will extend into Syria"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "if left unchecked, these terrorists could pose a growing threat beyond that region"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a key part of the plan is the enlistment of robust support from regional allies"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "at the Nato summit in Wales, Obama indicated that securing the backing of countries"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "such as Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Turkey would be key to any broad front to the insurgents"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "France indicated that it would join the US in airstrikes against isis in Iraq if called on to do so"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Condition of stranded Iraqis better than expected - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "the US and Britain are stepping back from launching a risky military mission"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to rescue thousands of Iraqis stranded on Mount Sinjar"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "after special forces on the ground found that their condition was better than expected"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "US aid workers landed on Mount Sinjar to assess the situation of the Iraqi Yazidis"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "who have received air drops of food, water and medicine"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "10,000 have gone to a camp just over the border in Syria that the International Rescue Committee are building up"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the focus will switch to the provision of humanitarian aid to the refugees and ammunition to the Kurdish forces"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________


- Capital: Baghdad - [ GoI = Government of Iraq ]


_________________________________________

Prime Minister Allawi - US cable - 2004: LINK ¤ 04BAGHDAD137

_________________________________________

  • "Prime Minister Allawi questioned the two visitors from Al-Jazeera:"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "so what are your plans for harming the Iraqi people these days ?"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "neither he, nor any members of his staff"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "will cooperate with Al-Jazeera"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "until they adjust their coverage"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:

_________________________________________
  • "shortly after the transfer of sovereignty to his government, Allawi told us"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that he was thinking of closing the Al-Jazeera bureau in Baghdad"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Legislators - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD2572

_________________________________________

  • "Sunni, Shia, and Kurdish Council of Representatives (Parliament) members"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "blamed the US for not establishing security and stability in Iraq"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "there is a feeling among educated Iraqis"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that the US came to Iraq only to preserve American interests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "how have Iraqis benefited from US-mandated reforms in the oil sector ?"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "how have Iraqis benefited from the oil revenue ?"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "where is the building boom ?"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "why is unemployment so high ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Civil Society - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD4103

_________________________________________

  • "Transitional National Assembly (TNA) member and civil society activist Dr. Amal Kashif Al-Ghita:"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "neither Iraq nor the US policy is truly addressing"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the sources of the violence in Iraq"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "unemployment, poor housing and poor education"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "there is widespread educational poverty"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "even in areas where people were not suffering from financial poverty"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Energy - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD2667

_________________________________________

  • "US department energy secretary Bodman met with"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Prime Minister Nuri al-Malaki, Minister for Electricity Karim Wahid al-Hasan, and Deputy Prime Minister Barham Saleh"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he told his Iraqi counterparts that the private sector"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "is the locus of resources"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and strongly encouraged them to open the electricity market"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to foreign investment"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

US Trade - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD2381

_________________________________________

  • "US secretary commerce Gutierrez's pressed Iraq for economic reform"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "fundamentally change the investment climate"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "particularly in the hydrocarbon sector"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "open the country to international trade"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US have begun to educate key members of the Parliament"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "for openness in the oil and gas sectors"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


US Military - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD2161

_________________________________________

  • "Minister of Human Rights Wijdan Mikhail Salim requested"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that the US military Haditha investigation should include Iraqi Government observers"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this legitimacy was especially important given the growing lack of confidence among Iraqis"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that crimes are punished in Iraq"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Iraqi confidence in the US was declining"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Prime Minister Maliki - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD1869

_________________________________________

  • "several times Prime Minister Maliki noted his "deep, deep concern" about the situation in Basrah"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "totally dysfunctional and compromised police force"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "nefarious foreign involvement"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and overall collapse of the infrastructure"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Inflation - US cable - 2006:
LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD3601

_________________________________________

  • "Iraq's consumer price index (CPI) increased 15.1% in one month"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the year-on-year increase reached 76.6%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Poultry Products - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD1382

_________________________________________

  • "US embassy received a correspondence from the Cabinet of Ministers to all Ministries directing them"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to prohibit the entrance of chicken"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "table egg, and hatching egg to Iraq"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it took this step to protect the domestic poultry market"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and provide support for the development of the domestic poultry sector"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:

 

_________________________________________

  • "the US embassy is vigorously engaging the Iraqi Government to reverse its decision"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Food Subsidy - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD1286

_________________________________________

  • "Iraq intends to reform its Public Distribution System (PDS)"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a US$ 3 billion subsidy program"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:


_________________________________________
  • "we do everything in our power to encourage the Iraqi Government"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "educating the Iraqi citizenry"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to gradually eliminating the subsidy program"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Budget - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD955

_________________________________________

  • "one-third of the Iraqi budget increase (US$ 3.2 billion)"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "went to the security ministries (Interior and Defense)"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "those budgets increased by 150 percent"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "from US$ 2.1 billion to US$ 5.3 billion"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Fuel Crisis - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD936

_________________________________________

  • "fuel supplies remain short across Iraq"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "especially gasoline, diesel and LPG [liquefied petroleum gas]"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "refineries are producing less than half of normal production"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "supplies continue to be imported from Kuwait and UAE"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Corruption - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD750

_________________________________________

  • "Iraqi State Oil Marketing Organization (SOMO) director al-Dujayli:"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Fadhila Party was blatantly trying to use"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "its control over the Ministry of Oil"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to raise as much money from corruption as possible"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "deputy Prime Minister Chalabi himself"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "is involved in corruption on oil contracts"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Trade Union - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BAGHDAD282

_________________________________________

  • "Iraqi labor union leaders number one concern"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "is the uncertain legal status under the current government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and the ban on public sector unionization"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "they are disappointed that nothing has changed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

US-Präsident Obama genehmigt zielgerichtete Luftangriffe - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "US-Präsident Barack Obama hat Luftangriffe gegen die Rebellengruppe "islamischer Staat" im Irak genehmigt"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die "zielgerichteten Luftangriffe" dienen zum Schutz von Zivilisten und US-Soldaten"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die USA müssen handeln, um einen "Völkermord" an den Jesiden im Nordirak zu verhindern"

 

_________________________________________

  • "zuvor hatte der UNO-Sicherheitsrat in einer Dringlichkeitssitzung den IS-Terror scharf verurteilt und die internationale Staatengemeinschaft aufgerufen, dem Irak zu helfen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "das mächtigste UNO-Gremium zeigte sich "schockiert" über das Schicksal tausender Jesiden und Christen"

 

_________________________________________

  • "die vor den Jihadisten geflohen sind und "dringend humanitäre Hilfe" benötigten"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "neben den Luftangriffen ordnete Obama auch den Abwurf von Hilfsgütern über dem Irak an"

 

_________________________________________

  • "im Sinjar-Gebirge sind 200.000 Menschen auf ihrer Flucht vor den IS-Extremisten eingeschlossen"

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________
  • "Obamas Vorgänger George W. Bush war 2003 ohne UNO-Mandat in das Zweistromland einmarschiert und hatte Machthaber Saddam Hussein gestürzt"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Bushs Regierung hatte den Angriff mit einer angeblichen Bedrohung durch Massenvernichtungswaffen sowie Verbindungen der irakischen Führung mit dem Terrornetzwerk Al-Kaida gerechtfertigt"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "beide Gründe stellten sich später als falsch heraus"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "nach einer jahrelangen Besatzung, die von blutigen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen der schiitischen Mehrheitsbevölkerung und der sunnitischen Minderheit im Irak geprägt war"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "zog Obama Ende 2011 die letzten US-Truppen ab"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

IRAQ
- Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ IRAQ

_________________________________________

  • "Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq, is a country in western Asia encompassing the Mesopotamian alluvial plain, the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, and the eastern part of the Syrian desert"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it borders Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • Population: 37.0 million

 

 

 

_________________________________________

al-‘Irāq - Wikipedia AR: LINK ¤ al-‘Irāq

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________





iraq - 14121IQ
designed by Free CSS Templates | powerd by pluck | hosted by akis