Macedonia





Macedonia agrees to new Name after 27-year Dispute with Greece - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "it has taken more than 25 years, divided two nations and been cause for protests great and small, but on Tuesday Greece and Macedonia finally declared peace  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after countless rounds of UN-mediated talks, the two Balkan neighbours announced - that they had agreed to end the row over what to call the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the state will henceforth be known neither by its acronym, FYROM, nor simply as Macedonia but as:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Republic of Northern Macedonia !!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a geographical qualifier that ends any fear in Athens of territorial ambition against the neighbouring Greek province of the same name"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""after months of negotiation we have managed to reach a deal that will solve our longstanding difference over the name of our neighbour !” - said the Greek Prime Minister, Alexis Tsipras"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the new name not only made a clear distinction between Greek Macedonia and the country’s northern neighbour, but put a decisive end to the irredentism the country’s erstwhile title had conveyed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • this agreement is a great diplomatic victory !! - but also a historic opportunity - a historic moment for the Balkans and our peoples !!!!”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "negotiations brokered by the mediator Matthew Nimetz accelerated this year following the ascent to power of the Social Democrat Zoran Zaev in Skopje  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Zoran Zaev told a news conference - that the deal preserved the Macedonian ethnic and cultural identity !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "both its language and people would continue to be known as Macedonian !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Zaev and Tsipras had long taken a progressive view on a dispute - that had not only harmed bilateral ties but also held up Macedonia’s membership of the EU"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • the European Council President, Donald Tusk: "sincere congratulations to PM Tsipras and PM Zoran Zaev !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I am keeping my fingers crossed  ! - thanks to you, the impossible is becoming possible !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Zaev presents the new Government Platform - Balkan Insight: LINK ¤ BALKAN INSIGHT

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  • "Zoran Zaev - the leader of the Social Democratic Party - presents the new Government Platform !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Zaev said to President Gjorge Ivanov: "there is only a single platform of the new Macedonian Government"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ivanov ( from the VMRO-DPMNE party ( which had lost the elections )) should now award him a mandate to form a government as soon as possible"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "so that normal democratic processes can be resumed !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a decision that inflamed tensions, Ivanov last Wednesday refused to award Zaev a mandate to form a government, despite his having assembled a majority in Parliament"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Zaev: "it is time for democratic processes in Macedonia !! - for serious reform and the restoration of life for everyone !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "addressing the ethnic issues, Zaev said that he had agreed to the demands of his Albanian partners for a new language law"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that will extend the official use of Albanian, and of other languages of ethnic minorities"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "like the current law, the new legislation would abide by the constitution, which defines Albanian as the second official language in all areas where Albanians make up more than 20 per cent of the population"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "among the top priorities of his future Government Zaev mentioned - building a strong civil society !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "EU membership - better living standards - fair taxes and social welfare !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "equal regional development - transparent governance - and an independent judiciary !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Zaev urged a stronger fight against corruption, civil control of the communications surveillance - and the need for an independent media"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we urgently need better life - development and equality - and effective institutions !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Macedonia Report - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Macedonia was spared the inter-ethnic violence that raged elsewhere in the Balkans in the early 1990s"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but in 2001, the ethnic Albanian minority demanded greater rights. Albanians account for about a quarter of the population"

 

 

 

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  • "acknowledgement of ethnic-Albanian rights was formalised in amendments to the constitution approved by parliament in late 2001"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Macedonia has seen steady economic growth since independence"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but remains one of Europe's poorest countries with high unemployment"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "EU candidacy is frozen amid a dispute with Greece over use of the name Macedonia"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Macedonia PM to go as Part of Deal - EU Observer: LINK ¤ EU OBSERVER

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  • "Macedonia's four largest political parties have reached"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a deal that will see prime minister Nikola Gruevski resign"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "under the deal, the conservative Gruevski's government will submit its formal resignation to Parliament"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in due time to enable the new government to be sworn in on 15 January 2016"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "his party will nominate a new prime minister to lead the transitional government"

 

 

 

 

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  • "whose tasks shall be limited to the organisation of the early parliamentary elections, to be held 2016"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the opposition SDSM Party (Social Democratic Union) will nominate several (deputy) ministers, to be appointed on 20 October"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a special prosecutor will investigate the interception of communications. This investigator will start by 15 September"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the political crisis began in February when the SDSM Party released wiretaps that showed corruption in Gruevski's ruling party"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Prime Minister Gruevski trying to control Judiciary and Media - DW: LINK ¤ D W

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  • "massive wiretapping of more than 20,000 people"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "imply that a small group linked to Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski controls"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Macedonia's institutions, judiciary and media"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a large group of journalists gathered at the headquarters of the biggest opposition party in Macedonian capital Skopje"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they were personally invited to pick up folders and documents"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "filled with transcripts of their telephone conversations over the past couple of years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Social Democrat (SDSM) leader Zoran Zaev: "over a hundred Macedonian journalists were wiretapped in the past years"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "these conversations show the link between the prime minister, the secret police and the media"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the journalists' phone transcripts were the fourth batch of such material released"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "over 20,000 people were wiretapped"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as part of a system of media surveillance implemented by the prime minister, Nikola Gruevski"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "his cousin, the secret service chief, Saso Mijalkov, and a few other close associates"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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  • "a series of wire-tapped conversations were published between government ministers"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the chief of secret police, state prosecutor, journalists and media owners"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "showing political control over institutions, judiciary and media"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Macedonian government has not denied the existence or the authenticity of the wiretaps"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Zaev says that he received the wiretaps from "patriots" working for Macedonia's secret service"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "who couldn't take it anymore"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "during a nation-wide televised press-conference, the conservative Prime Minister Gruevski read aloud from police reports and parts of the indictment"

 

 

 

 

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  • "asked by a reporter why was he taking the role of both the police and the state prosecutor by announcing such actions he replied"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "because I decided that way"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gruevski and his VMRO-DPMNE party has been in power since 2006, has often been accused of authoritarian rule"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the past eight years various international organizations have reported"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a sharp decline in Macedonia's democratic standards and the freedom of the press"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since 2008, Gruevski's government is promoting nationalistic sentiments and flexing its muscle against anyone in the country holding a different opinion"

 

 

 

 

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  • "opposition party officials have been jailed, while critical media have been marginalized, or simply shut down"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a tight circle of top officials influenced everything in society from media coverage to the appointment of judges"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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  • "in one of the conversations, between the secret service chief Mijalkov and the editor Macedonia's largest TV station"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the two men coordinate on media coverage of the arrest of an opposition politician, former Interior Minister Ljube Boskoski"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""I told you I was going to start arresting people" Mijalkov tells the journalist and adds that Boskoski will get eight years in prison"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Boskoski was later sentenced to seven years"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in another conversation, Mijalkov then asks the owner of another TV station not to blur the footage of Boskoski's arrest"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in order to "show him laying on the floor like a bull" and to humiliate him"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in another conversation, Interior Minister Gordana Jankulovska and Gruevski's chief of staff, Martin Protuger"

 

 

 

 

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  • "contemplate "cleansing" the state administration of opposition members"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after Protuger informs Jankulovska that he is planning to "destroy" Boskoski's party"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "she replies: "that's great, but we have to make a list, Martin. We have to annihilate them all""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Nazim Rashidi, Macedonian-Albanian analyst: "back in 2001, only a part of Macedonia's citizenry did not trust the institutions"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "today, no one trusts them"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "our state is clinically dead, in a deep coma"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and needs a fresh impulse that must come from outside"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- Capital: Skopje - [ GoM = Government of Macedonia ]


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US Investment
- US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07SKOPJE797

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  • "during a meeting with Deputy Prime Minister for economic affairs Zoran Stavreski"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US ambassador raised US concerns regarding outstanding investment issues"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a recent power plant privatization"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the personal safety of a US citizen investor"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a mining exploration application by a prominent US-based mining firm"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stavreski maintained that the only recourse open to the US-Greek company that lost the power plant tender is to file a lawsuit against the Government"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and said he would discuss with the Minister of Interior the safety of the US investor"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:

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  • "his less-than-satisfactory answers demonstrate that the Macedonian Government still has much work ahead"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Stavreski's attitudes and his answers were very disappointing for us"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Name Issue - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07SKOPJE449

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  • "strict adherence to the 1995 Interim Agreement between Greece and Macedonia"

 

 

 

 

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  • "should remain central for Macedonia's membership in Nato"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Macedonia is ready, if not happily so, to enter Nato as FYROM"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Name Issue - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07SKOPJE853

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  • "Skopje will not change its constitutional name under pressure"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at present, the problem is not the name"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the problem is Greece's tactical decision"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to attempt to renege on the 1995 Interim Agreement in the erroneous belief that Macedonians will be willing to sacrifice the name of their country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Name Issue - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07SKOPJE880

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  • "Macedonia has unanimously rejected the point in the Nimetz proposal on the name"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that would allow Macedonia to keep its constitutional name"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but would require it to agree to a modified name for international usage"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Name Issue - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07ATHENS1131

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  • "in managing US interests in Greece's long dispute with Macedonia"

 

 

 

 

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  • "we can succeed in doing that by:"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "privately assuring the Greeks that the US will not press for Macedonia"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to be admitted to Nato under the name "Republic of Macedonia""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Name Issue - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08ATHENS239

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  • "only the last in the Nimitz list was acceptable"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Republic of Upper Macedonia"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Name Issue - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08ATHENS464

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  • "following the meetings by UN Envoy Nimetz in New York, the Greek press trumpeted that the proposed international name was"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Republic of Macedonia (Skopje)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Macedonian Minority in Greece - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08ATHENS1027

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  • "Greek Prime Minister Karamanlis has responded in a public letter to a letter from Macedonian Prime Minister Gruevski"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in which Gruevski asks that Greece address issues related to property restitution and citizenship of ethnic Macedonians"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that Greece recognize the Macedonian minority in Greece"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Karamanlis Letter: "the Gruevski letter raises "non-existent and unsubstantiated issues""

 

 

 

 

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  • "that aim at interfering in the domestic affairs of a neighboring state and deviate from the objectives of the ongoing negotiations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is no Macedonian minority in Greece"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and allegations that one exists are totally unfounded, politically motivated, and disrespectful of historic realities"

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:


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  • "why the fuss ?"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gruevski has raised one of Greece's most sensitive issues - minority issues in Greece"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Prime Minister Gruevski - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09SKOPJE601

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  • "Prime Minister Gruevski and his conservative VMRO party inner circle have used"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the judicial and policing arms of the state to enforce party discipline"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and quell dissent, which has contributed to an increasing climate of fear"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the government has been using a catch-all corruption charge of "abuse of office" or "misuse of official position""

 

 

 

 

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  • "against members of the political elite"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "highly publicized arrests, detentions or investigations of current and former ministers, party members, and the opposition"

 

 

 

 

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  • "have put pressure on the political elite in Macedonia"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to refrain from challenging or criticizing the Gruevski government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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World Court rules against Greece over FYROM Veto - Kathimerini: LINK ¤ KATHIMERINI

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  • "the world court ruled that Greece was wrong to block"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a bid by the Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) to join Nato in 2008"

 

 

 

 

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  • "because of a long-running dispute over the fledgling country's use of the name "Macedonia""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the court found that Greece's veto breached a provisional 1995 deal under which Greece had agreed"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "not to block membership of the country in international organizations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "if it used the name FYROM"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the decision at the Hague court, formally known as International Court of Justice"

 

 

 

 

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  • "does not resolve the fundamental dispute over the name"

 

 

 

 


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  • "Greece has concerns that the use by FYROM of the name Macedonia will eventually lead to the country"

 

 

 

 

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  • "possibly together with Bulgaria, or even with aid from Turkey"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "staking claims to parts of modern Greece"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Deal in Mazedonien - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die sozialdemokratische Opposition unter Zoran Zaev, der nationalistische Regierungschef Nikola Gruevski"

 

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  • "sowie die Chefs der beiden größten Albanerparteien einigten sich auf eine präzise Agenda bis zu den Neuwahlen am 24. April"

 

 

 

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  • "der Kompromiss sieht vor, dass Gruevski in angemessener Zeit zurücktritt"

 

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  • "damit die Übergangsregierung am 15. Jänner vereidigt werden kann - also 100 Tage vor den Wahlen"

 

 

 

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  • "ohne Übergangsregierung wären Wahlen in einem halbwegs fairen Umfeld - wegen der umfassenden Kontrolle"

 

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  • "die Gruevskis Partei VMRO über Medien, Justiz und Verwaltung hat, sicherlich nicht der Fall"

 

 

 

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  • "zusätzlich wurde vereinbart, dass die Opposition am 1. September wieder ins Parlament zurückkehrt"

 

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  • "in der Übergangsregierung, die nicht mehr von Gruevski geführt werden wird, werden vier Oppositionsminister mit umfassenden Vetorechten sitzen"

 

 

 

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  • "bereits im Oktober wird die Opposition einen neuen Innenminister ernennen"

 

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  • "bis 15. September wird ein Spezialstaatsanwalt ernannt, der die illegalen Abhörungen von etwa 20.000 Personen untersuchen soll"

 

 

 

 

 

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Internationaler Gerichtshof: Niederlage für Athen im Namensstreit mit Mazedonien - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "der Internationale Gerichtshof (IGH) hat Mazedonien bescheinigt, dass Griechenland ein zwischenstaatliches Abkommen verletzt hat"

 

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  • "als es beim Nato-Gipfel den Beitritt zur Allianz blockierte"

 

 

 

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  • "Athen hatte sich in dem Abkommen verpflichtet, Mazedonien unter dem offiziellen Namen "Frühere Jugoslawische Republik Mazedonien" (FYROM)"

 

 

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  • "den Beitritt zu internationalen Organisationen nicht zu verwehren"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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MACEDONIA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ MACEDONIA

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  • "the Republic of Macedonia is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in southeast Europe"

 

 

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  • "it is bordered by Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Albania, and Greece"

 

 

 

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  • Population: 2.1 million

 

 

 

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Македонија -
Wikipedia MK: LINK ¤ Македонија
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Macedonia - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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