Tunisia



Beji Caid Essebsi wins Presidential Election in Tunisia
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "a political veteran from the years before 2011 has been confirmed"

 

 

 

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  • "as the winner of Tunisia’s first free presidential election since independence from France in 1956"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Beji Caid Essebsi won just over 55% of votes"

 

 

 

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  • "defeating the incumbent, former human rights activist Moncef Marzouki (Congress for the Republic party)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the results showed a geographical split, with the poorer, more socially conservative south preferring Marzouki"

 

 

 

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  • "while most voters in the populous north favoured Essebsi"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "between 1965 and 1986, Caid Essebsi was three times a minister under Tunisia’s charismatic president Habib Bourguiba"

 

 

 

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  • "who invested heavily in education, but resisted any moves to multiparty democracy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he formed a new party, Nidaa Tounes (Tunisian Call)"

 

 

 

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  • "Nidaa Tounes forged an electoral alliance with several new centrist parties"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Essebsi: "the nation should look to the future"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a spirit of consensus"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "whether in the north or south, we are all children of Tunisia"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tunisia Election Results: Nida Tunis wins most Seats - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the Nida Tunis (Tunis Calls) party won 85 of the 217 seats in parliament"

 

 

 

 

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  • "giving it the right to name a prime minister and lead a coalition government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the party, which includes businessmen, trade unionists and politicians from the old regime"

 

 

 

 

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  • "will turn to a collection of smaller parties to garner the necessary 109-seat majority"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "despite three years of political wrangling and economic turmoil, Tunisian politicians from different parties"

 

 

 

 

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  • "managed to work together to pass a new constitution and hold elections for a permanent government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ennahda accepts Defeat in Elections - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Tunisia’s Ennahda party has conceded defeat in elections"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tunisia is showing the Arab World how to nurture Democracy - Soumaya Ghannoushi: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Tunisia has withstood the storms raging around it and elects a representative parliament"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the country has adopted a modern democratic constitution"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that won the approval of 93% of its diverse political parties"

 

 

 

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  • "and Tunisia has set up an independent commission tasked with overseeing the elections and the presidential polls"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Tunisia’s strongest asset is its cohesive society"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "sectarian, ethnic, religious or tribal divides, political and ideological differences do not turn into societal divisions"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the country’s population is largely urbanised and relatively well educated"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with a broad middle class and a vibrant civil society"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "while the Egyptian army proceeded to seize power and rule with an iron fist"

 

 

 

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  • "the Tunisian army has quietly retreated to its barracks"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this was not merely accidental, but stems from the radically divergent functions the two military institutions have exercised through their countries’ recent history"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "government in Tunisia was thus left to the politicians"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "free from the overbearing presence of military men"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "without their omnipresent shadow, politics has been able to evolve spontaneously"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this commitment to consensus-building has shielded Tunisia from intense ideological polarisation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this awareness of the complexity of transition and the dangers presented by the region"

 

 

 

 

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  • "have spared the country much bloodshed, helping keep its nascent democracy on track"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the birth of this first fully fledged Arab democracy offers a model of hope"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is demonstrating that on the ruins of the old order"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a democracy can be built"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "arduous as the road there may be"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tunisia signs new Constitution - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "after decades of dictatorship and two years of arguments and compromises"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Tunisia's new constitution has come into force"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the new constitution is one of the most progressive in the Arab world"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and was passed by 200 votes in the 216-seat assembly in Tunis"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the constitution, which enshrines freedom of religion and women's rights"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "took two years to finish. During that period, Tunisia has been hit by high unemployment and protests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but unlike in Egypt, where two constitutions have been quickly drafted by appointed committees with little public debate"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Tunisia the elected assembly worked on a detailed roadmap for their political future"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the new constitution sets out to make the country of 11 million people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a democracy, with a civil state"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "whose laws are not based on Islamic law"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "an entire chapter, made up of 28 articles, is dedicated to protecting citizens' rights"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including protection from torture, the right to due process, and freedom of worship"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it guarantees equality for men and women"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a commitment from the state to protect women's rights"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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  • "one of the most debated articles guarantees "freedom of belief and conscience""

 

 

 

 

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  • "which would permit atheism and the practice of non-Abrahamic religions"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it also bans incitement to violence and declaring a Muslim an apostate which leaves them open to death threats"

 

 

 

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  • "in response, conservative lawmakers insisted "attacks on the sacred" be forbidden, which many see as a threat to freedom of expression"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the constitution is a historic compromise between identity and modernity"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that can serve as a model for other countries in the region"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "seeking a balance between an Arab-Islamic heritage"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and contemporary ideas of human rights and good governance"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Capital: Tunis - [ GoT = Government of Tunisia ]



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Succession - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06TUNIS55

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  • "in a country that has had only one president for over eighteen years"

 

 

 

 

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  • "suddenly and unusually, talk of the post-Ben Ali era is growing"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US-Tunisian relationship is likely to remain unaffected"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by the departure of Ben Ali"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Corruption - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06TUNIS1630

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  • "corruption and bribery exists in Tunisia as elsewhere in the world"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but most complaints focus on the disproportionate power and influence wielded by a few elites"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "chief among them Tunisias first family: president Ben Ali"

 

 

 

 

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  • "wife Leila (Trabelsi) Ben Ali and their extended clan"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it encompasses all the major sectors of the economy and is impossible to accurately measure"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it generates domestic frustration"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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police:

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  • "a policeman on nearly every corner, whose main job is to be checking car paperwork, identification cards and generally intimidating citizens"

 

 

 

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  • "any infraction can result in the seizure of ones documents, which requires hours of subsequent bureaucratic red tape to resolve"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "thus, for a small fee, one can avoid any potential negative consequence of the stop and proceed normally"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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bureaucratic:

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  • "usually identified among mid-level civil servants"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this type of corruption can involve everything from bribes paid to "experts""

 

 

 

 

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  • "who provide evidence in court cases to siphoning from government accounts"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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influencial:

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  • "this type of corruption involves the misuse of official government entitlements for personal benefit"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "ministers utilize influence and information to ensure business contacts"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "have inside details on government contracts, which lead to profitable kickbacks"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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first family:

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  • "the last type of corruption is that about which Tunisians from all strata of society are complaining"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "president Ben Ali and his familys exploitation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of the Tunisian economy for personal gain"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "all key decisions, especially related to investment and privatization"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "are made at the highest levels of the government - by the president himself"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this arrangement has permitted Ben Ali's extended family (siblings, in-laws, and distant relatives)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to carve out domains in virtually every important sector of the Tunisian economy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

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Tunesien zeigt, dass Demokratie nichts Seltsames für die arabische Welt ist - Hamza Meddeb: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "in Tunesien nahm vor rund fünf Jahren der "Arabische Frühling" seinen Ausgang, als Machthaber Zine El Abidine Ben Ali nach wochenlangen Protesten aus dem Amt verdrängt wurde"

 

 

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  • "es hat einen friedlichen Machtwechsel geschafft"

 

 

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  • "dennoch demonstrierten zuletzt zahlreiche Menschen auf den Straßen tunesischer Städte gegen die Wirtschaftspolitik der Regierung"

 

 

 

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  • "Reformen hin zu mehr sozialer Gerechtigkeit sind ausgeblieben"

 

 

 

 

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der Standard: "in Tunesien sind viele Bürger enttäuscht und äußern ihre Frustration in Protesten auf der Straße. Wieso gerade jetzt ?"


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  • "in Tunesien wurde viel erreicht"

 

 

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  • "die internationale Gemeinschaft feiert Tunesien als eine Erfolgsgeschichte, nachdem dreimal freie, friedliche Wahlen stattgefunden haben und eine moderne Verfassung verabschiedet wurde"

 

 

 

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  • "diese Erfolgsgeschichte verschleiert aber, dass konkret nichts im Zusammenhang mit sozialer Gerechtigkeit unternommen wurde"

 

 

 

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  • "die neue Regierung begann im Jahr 2014 damit, Sozialprogramme und Wirtschaftsreformen zurückzufahren"

 

 

 

 

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der Standard: "werden sich die Proteste noch einmal ausweiten ?"


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  • "Präsident Habib Essid hat angekündigt, eine Strategie zur Lösung der Krise vorzulegen, die Menschen warten jetzt darauf"

 

 

 

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  • "er will damit hauptsächlich Zeit gewinnen. Es gibt keine eindeutige politische Strategie oder Vision"

 

 

 

 

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der Standard: "wie ähnlich ist die jetzige politische Klasse der "Nidaa Tounes" jener unter dem früheren Machthaber Ben Ali ?"


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  • "es sind keine Menschen, die in der ersten Reihe mit Ben Ali standen, aber wohl Leute aus der zweiten Reihe"

 

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  • "die sehr stark in das Regime verwickelt waren und nun durch Nidaa Tounes an die Macht zurückkehren"

 

 

 

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  • "was die Bürokratie betrifft, hat sich nichts verändert. Die Bürokraten und hohen Beamten sind immer noch dieselben"

 

 

 

 

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der Standard: "wie erklären Sie sich die Diskrepanz in der Wahrnehmung von Menschen innerhalb und außerhalb des Landes ?"


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  • "der tunesische Erfolg ist wichtig für die internationale Gemeinschaft"

 

 

 

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  • "weil er zeigt, dass Demokratie nichts Seltsames für die arabische Welt ist, die Menschen können demokratische Strukturen implementieren"

 

 

 

 

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  • "das ist ein Grund zur Hoffnung für die arabischen Staaten und für die Welt"

 

 

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  • "es zeigt, dass Stabilität durch Demokratie und nicht durch Diktatur aufgebaut werden kann"

 

 

 

 

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der Standard: "diverse Menschenrechtsorganisationen üben Kritik am Verhalten der Polizei"


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  • "ein Erfolg ist, dass die zivilgesellschaftlichen Organisationen diese Missstände anprangern"

 

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  • "die Regierung reagiert aber nicht auf die Vorwürfe, konkrete Maßnahmen gegen beschuldigte Polizisten gibt es nicht"

 

 

 

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  • "sie versucht nicht wirklich Menschenrechte zu schützen"

 

 

 

 

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der Standard: "was sind die positiven Veränderungen ?"

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  • "soziale Bewegungen sind sehr dynamisch"

 

 

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  • "Menschen versuchen sich in neuen Formen zu organisieren, um die Politik zu beeinflussen und ihre Rechte einzufordern"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in den nächsten Jahren werden wir den Eingang dieser sozialen Bewegungen in die politische Szene beobachten können"

 

 

 

 

 

 




 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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TUNISIA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ TUNISIA

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  • "Tunisia, officially the Tunisian Republic or the Republic of Tunisia, is the northernmost country in Africa"

 

 

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  • "it is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east"

 

 

 

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  • "Tunisia is the only democracy in the Arab World"

 

 

 

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  • Population: 11.0 million

 

 

 

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al-Jumhūrīya at-Tūnisīya - Wikipedia AR:
LINK ¤ at-Tūnisīya
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Tunisia - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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