Burma




Myanmar scraps stringent Emergency Law - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Myanmar has scrapped a stringent law, which had been used by the former military leaders to silence opponents"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the National League for Democracy - NLD - under Aung San Suu Kyi, swept to power in Myanmar earlier this year"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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final Myanmar Results show Aung San Suu Kyi's Party won 77% of Seats - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Aung San Suu Kyi’s party won 77% of seats in Myanmar’s landmark polls"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Myanmar voted on November 8 but results took days to arrive in the capital from remote corners of the country, wending their way from villages in dense jungle and townships in several regions"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the NLD won 887 seats, or 77.1% - providing Suu Kyi with a majority in both houses of Parliament"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the military-aligned Union Solidarity and Development Party won only 117 or 10% of the seats"

 

 

 

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  • "the army reserves a quarter of all seats in Parliament"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the 70-year-old Nobel peace prize winner has invited the army chief and current President Thein Sein to discuss a national reconciliation government she wants to form"

 

 

 

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  • "last week, she met with Myanmar’s influential parliamentary speaker and former general Shwe Mann"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are concerns over a smooth change of leadership in the next few months"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in 1990, the NLD also won an election but the generals annulled the result, imprisoned her colleagues and placed her under house arrest"

 

 

 

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  • "but the military and its allies in government have repeatedly and publicly stated they will abide the results"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "an opinion article in the state-run "Global New Light" of Myanmar newspaper reiterated that sentiment and even criticised military supremacy in government:"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the idea that a country can be united through its military might, is a false one"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "military might alone cannot unite people and may even lead to war and bloodshed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is time for Myanmar to exert efforts for genuine national reconciliation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aung San Suu Kyi wins outright Majority in Myanmar Election - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Aung San Suu Kyi has won Myanmar’s landmark election and claimed a staggering majority in Parliament"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "ending half a century of dominance by the military and providing the symbol of a decades-old democracy movement with a mandate to rule"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the government’s election commission said the National League for Democracy - NLD - party had won 348 seats"

 

 

 

 

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  • "across the lower and upper house of parliament, 19 more than the 329 needed for an absolute majority"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the incumbent military-backed Union Solidarity and Development party (USDP) has taken just 40 seats across the two chambers"

 

 

 

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  • "minority parties won a handful of further seats"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "although Aung San Suu Kyi is banned from the presidency under an army-drafted constitution"

 

 

 

 

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  • "her party will now be able to push through legislation, form a government and handpick a president"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "an NLD government would be the first administration not chosen by the country’s military establishment and their political allies since the early 1960s, most of that time under army dictatorship"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the current leaders and military figures have signalled they will accept the overwhelming defeat"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on Thursday, the headline for the state-run Global New Light of Myanmar newspaper read: "welcoming the new guard""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Aung San Suu Kyi does not have complete power and the army generals, who have amassed billions of dollars in wealth"

 

 

 

 

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  • "will still control the most powerful ministerial portfolios - interior, defence and border affairs"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Myanmar armed forces, or Tatmadaw, also has an automatic hold of a quarter of seats in parliament, meaning the opposition needed to win at least 329 seats to make up a majority (67%) of both houses"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "many in the country of 51 million hope the NLD will push through political reforms"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but also develop the country’s struggling education and health systems, and create jobs in south-east Asia’s poorest nation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Aung San Suu Kyi invited the army chief, president and the parliamentary speaker to discuss the election"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and has said she will form a national reconciliation government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Burma Report - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Burma, also known as Myanmar, was long isolated from the rest of the world with an appalling human rights record"

 

 

 

 

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  • "from 1962 to 2011, the country was ruled by a military junta that suppressed almost all dissent"

 

 

 

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  • "and wielded absolute power in the face of international condemnation and sanctions"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the generals stood accused of gross human rights abuses, including the forcible relocation of civilians and the widespread use of forced labour"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the first general election in 20 years was held in 2010"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was boycotted by the main opposition group, Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD)"

 

 

 

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  • "which had won a landslide victory in the previous multi-party election in 1990 but was not allowed to govern"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a nominally civilian government led by President Thein Sein - who served as a general and then prime minister under the junta - was installed in March 2011"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a new constitution brought in by the junta in 2008 entrenched the primacy of the military"

 

 

 

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  • "a quarter of seats in both parliamentary chambers are reserved for the military, and three key ministerial posts - interior, defence and border affairs - must be held by serving generals"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a series of reforms in the months since the new government took up office has led to hopes that decades of international isolation could be coming to an end"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the largest ethnic group is the Burman or Bamar people, distantly related to the Tibetans and Chinese"

 

 

 

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  • "Burman dominance over Karen, Shan, Rakhine, Mon, Rohingya, Chin, Kachin and other minorities has been the source of considerable ethnic tension and has fuelled intermittent protests"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EU, United States and Canada imposed economic sanctions on Myanmar for some time"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Myanmar's wealth of Buddhist temples has boosted tourism"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aung San Suu Kyi meets with Xi Jinping in Beijing - New York Times: LINK ¤ NEW YORK TIMES

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  • "Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel Peace laureate who leads Myanmar’s opposition"

 

 

 

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  • "met with President Xi Jinping of China"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they met at the Great Hall of the People"

 

 

 

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  • "though she has traveled around the world since her release from house arrest in 2010, this is Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi’s first visit to neighboring China"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which had a close relationship with the military junta that imprisoned her for two decades"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi’s party may move from opposition to governance after elections likely to take place late this year"

 

 

 

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  • "and regardless of who is in power, managing ties with China will be essential"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the Dalai Lama speaks out on Burma's persecuted Rohingya People - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the Dalai Lama has urged fellow Nobel peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to do more to help Burma’s persecuted Muslim Rohingya minority"

 

 

 

 

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  • "thousands of Rohingya are fleeing on harrowing boat journeys to south-east Asia to escape poverty and discriminatory treatment by the country’s Buddhist majority"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the crisis has shone a spotlight on the dire conditions and discrimination faced by the roughly one million Rohingya in western Burma"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • the Dalai Lama: "it is the responsibility of Myanmar's Buddhists"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""to remember the face of the Buddha" when dealing with the Rohingya minority"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aung San Suu Kyi's Westminster Hall Speech - 2012: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "in a historic speech within the 11th-century walls of Westminster Hall, Aung San Suu Kyi has implored Britain and "the world beyond" to reach out to help Burma at "the moment of our greatest need"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Burmese pro-democracy leader, the first woman apart from the Queen to address both houses of parliament"

 

 

 

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  • "appealed for practical help to support reforms to bring better lives, greater opportunities, to the people of Burma"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "who have been for so long deprived of their rights to their place in the world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the country needed help building the strong institutions needed to support a nascent parliamentary democracy"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it needed humanitarian aid for those displaced through ethnic violence"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and she hoped investment in Burma would be "democracy-friendly investment""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this is the most important time for Burma, and this is the moment of our greatest need"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and so I would ask that our friends, both here in Britain and beyond, participate in and support Burma's efforts"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "towards the establishment of a truly democratic and just society"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aung San Suu Kyi after Years under House Arrest - 2010: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "finally free from the clutches of Burma's ruling generals and the lonely life of house arrest they subjected her to, Aung San Suu Kyi now finds she cannot escape from herself"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "South Africa's fault line was clear-cut, apartheid was based on race, she says"

 

 

 

 

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  • "colour is something that everyone can see straight away"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "here, it is less obvious who is who, because we are all Burmese"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is Burmese discriminating and oppressing Burmese"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I am honoured by the trust people have in me, but one person alone can not bring democracy to a country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "change is going to come from the people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I want to play my role - I want to work in unison with the people of Burma"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but it is they who will change this country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Supporters flood the Streets to welcome Aung San Suu Kyi - 2010: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "at the front of the headquarters of the National League for Democracy hangs a massive portrait of Aung San Suu Kyi"

 

 

 

 

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  • "for most of this decade, that is all the people of Burma have had of her, this best-known picture of "The Lady", head turned to camera, eyes set in a determined stare"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but today, after seven long years of house arrest at the hands of Burma's military junta, she was back, standing before her own portrait:"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the same steel in her eye, but with a voice that urged reconciliation, unity, and an eye towards the future, not the past"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we have a lot of things to do"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I believe in human rights and I believe in the rule of law"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I will always fight for these things - and I need the support of the people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I wish to work in unison with the people of Burma"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "over a weekend, this is a changed country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the release of one woman, a small, slight woman who reads spy novels, plays piano and wears flowers in her hair, has energised the Burmese people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""she is real," a taxi driver said"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Daw Suu is our democracy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""our future depends on Aung San Suu Kyi," a NLD youth leader said. "She gives us hope and courage. Only she can free us""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "such expectation is a burden, much for any one person to bear. But it is hers, by virtue of the name she carries, and the history the people see in her"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we all have to work together"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""we will have to find a way of helping each other", she said"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the people of Burma have their Lady back"

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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-
Capital: Rangoon
- [ GoB = Government of Burma ]


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Aung San Suu Ky - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06RANGOON775

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  • "NLD leader Aung San Suu Kyi has now recovered from a recent illness"

 

 

 

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  • "her doctor was allowed extended access to see ASSK at her home"

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the same time, the underlying conditions that provoke worldwide concern for her well-being remain unchanged"

 

 

 

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  • "the regime confirmed that ASSK's detention under house arrest"

 

 

 

 

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  • "has been extended by one year"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aung San Suu Kyi - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06RANGOON1269

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  • "Aung San Suu Kyi (ASSK) had another meeting with her doctor, two and half months after she last saw him"

 

 

 

 

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  • "she remains in good health and keeps busy with meditation"

 

 

 

 

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  • "listening to the radio, and walking around her compound"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Monks - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07RANGOON900

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  • "large groups of monks staged peaceful processions in Rangoon"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and at least three other cities in Mandalay Division and Rakhine State"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "500 monks march from the northern part of the city, ending up in downtown Rangoon approximately three hours later"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the monks recited traditional chants"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "calling for peace and an end to suffering"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Monks - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07RANGOON906

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  • "there are ten processions by monks in five separate states"

 

 

 

 

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  • "monks led processions in Rangoon and Mandalay"

 

 

 

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  • "police in Sittwe used tear gas to disperse a march of about 1,000 monks"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Protests - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07RANGOON910

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  • "several thousand monks and civilians stage several processions throughout Rangoon"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the largest march consisted of approximately 10,000 participants"

 

 

 

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  • "observed, and at times cheered, by tens of thousands of spectators"

 

 

 

 

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  • "for the first time since the monk-led demonstrations began"

 

 

 

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  • "many participants recite political slogans in addition to traditional Buddhist chants"

 

 

 

 

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  • "calling for national reconciliation"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the release of all political prisoners"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Protests - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07RANGOON911

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  • "several thousand monks and civilians again marched through Rangoon for over four hours"

 

 

 

 

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  • "these protests have now taken on a clearly political tone"

 

 

 

 

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  • "at one point, locally renowned poet Aung Way was seen leading the procession"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a chant to free Aung San Suu Kyi"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Protests - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07RANGOON913

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  • "the regime began to crack down on protestors in Rangoon"

 

 

 

 

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  • "500 monks and 2,000 civilians defiantly continued their demonstrations"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the police used tear gas to break up the marches and arrested 50 monks at Shwe Dagon Pagoda"

 

 

 

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  • "a group of protestors marched up to the riot police"

 

 

 

 

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  • "who were blocking their path"

 

 

 

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  • "and demanded they move aside"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the police acquiesced and the march continued"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Protests - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07RANGOON926l

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  • "the regime resorted to violence against peaceful protests for a second day"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they raided several local monasteries"

 

 

 

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  • "arresting and beating monks in the process"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Protests - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07RANGOON984

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  • "raids and arrests continued in Burma"

 

 

 

 

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  • "authorities publicly claimed to have detained 2,093 persons"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aung San Suu Kyi - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09RANGOON312

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  • "Police Director General Khin Yi told that Burma would lift her house arrest order"

 

 

 

 

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  • "however, Aung San Suu Kyi remains in custody"

 

 

 

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  • "and still faces charges with a maximum sentence of five years' imprisonment"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aung San Suu Kyi - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09RANGOON534

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  • "National League for Democracy (NLD) leader Aung San Suu Kyi (ASSK)"

 

 

 

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  • "is eager for dialogue with the regime"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to work with Burma's senior leaders to find common ground"

 

 

 

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  • "including on sanctions"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Aung San Suu Kyi is physically and mentally strong"

 

 

 

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  • "extremely direct, eloquent and detailed in her responses"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and despite her isolation is well informed of current economic and social conditions in Burma"

 

 

 

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  • "as well as world events"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aung San Suu Kyi - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09RANGOON694

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  • "the UK, Australia, and US met in Rangoon"

 

 

 

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  • "the UK wants to offer ASSK [Aung San Suu Kyi] examples of possible sanctions trade-offs"

 

 

 

 

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  • "showing that a dialogue with ASSK is relevant"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to keep the Lady relevant"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and support her efforts to engage the regime in dialogue"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Australia has one primary sanction: a financial transaction ban on designated individuals"

 

 

 

 

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  • US: "sanctions result from laws that would require Congressional action to reverse"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Schritt auf dem Weg zur Demokratisierung - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "das Unterhaus des Parlaments von Burma hat für die Aufhebung eines umstrittenen Gesetzes gestimmt"

 

 

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  • "das während des früheren Militärregimes zur Unterdrückung politischer Gegner genutzt wurde"

 

 

 

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  • "bei der Parlamentswahl gewann die Partei der Friedensnobelpreisträgerin Aung San Suu Kyi - die NLD - fast 80 Prozent der verfügbaren Sitze"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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China wirbt wieder um Burma - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "in der Großen Halle des Volkes umwarb der chinesische Präsident Xi Jinping"

 

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  • "die aus Burma kommende Menschenrechtsaktivistin Aung San Suu Kyi"

 

 

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  • "mit der Peking noch vor wenigen Jahren nichts zu tun haben wollte"

 

 

 

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  • "Internet-Blogs, die den Besuch zum Anlass nahmen"

 

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  • "um eine Amnestie für den seit sieben Jahren inhaftierten Friedensnobelpreisträger Liu Xiaobo zu fordern, wurden zensiert"

 

 

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  • "Nachrichten des in Peking empfangbaren BBC-Fernsehens wurden sofort ausgeblendet, als sie meldeten, dass Suu Kyi sich für Bürgerrechtler Liu einsetzen könnte. Der Bildschirm wurde jedes Mal schwarz"

 

 

 

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  • "am Ende bestimmte reine Realpolitik, dass Pekings autoritäre Parteiführer und Suu Kyi aufeinander zugehen wollen"

 

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  • "Chinas Führer wissen, dass die Oppositionspolitikerin mit ihrer Demokratischen Union"

 

 

 

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  • "bei den Wahlen in Burma im November als aussichtsreiche Kandidatin gilt"

 

 

 

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  • "jahrzehntelang hatte Peking kein gutes Wort für sie übrig und unterstützte das Militärregime, während sie 15 Jahre lang im Hausarrest saß"

 

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  • "geopolitisch wurde Burma für China zum Landkorridor mit Zugang zum Indischen Ozean. Seit 2012 nähert sich Burma jedoch den USA an - ein Alarmsignal für Peking"

 

 

 

 

 

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Dalai Lama: Suu Kyi soll sich für Rohingya in Burma einsetzen - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "der Dalai Lama hat Myanmars Oppositionsführerin Aung San Suu Kyi aufgefordert"

 

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  • "mehr für die in ihrem Land unterdrückte muslimische Minderheit der Rohingya zu tun. Die Situation ist "sehr traurig""

 

 

 

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  • "die Rohingya sind eine Minderheit aus Myanmar (Burma)"

 

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  • "als Muslime sind sie in dem mehrheitlich buddhistischen Land systematischer Diskriminierung ausgesetzt"

 

 

 

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  • "die Regierung bezeichnet die Rohingya als illegale Migranten"

 

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  • "in den vergangenen Wochen waren tausende Rohingya nach Indonesien, Malaysia und Thailand geflohen"

 

 

 

 

 

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Obama drängt Burma zu mehr Reformen - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "als erster US-Präsident reist Obama nach Burma"

 

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  • "und besucht Burmas Oppositionsvertreterin Aung San Suu Kyi"

 

 

 

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  • "der US-Präsident lobte die demokratische Öffnung"

 

 

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  • "die Präsident Thein Sein seit dem Ende der Militärdiktatur eingeleitet hat"

 

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  • "Obama fügte aber hinzu, diese bemerkenswerte Reise habe gerade erst begonnen, und es sei noch ein weiter Weg"

 

 

 

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  • "Obama drängte die Regierung, die Versammlungs- und Medienfreiheit voll umzusetzen"

 

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  • "die ethnische Vielfalt des Landes, die das Militär jahrzehntelang als Vorwand für seine Diktatur nutzte, ist keine Schwäche, sondern eine Stärke"

 

 

 

 

 

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die Rohingya haben nahezu gar nichts - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "hunderttausende Rohingya wurden vertrieben"

 

 

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  • "sie haben entweder das Land verlassen oder fristen ein tristes Dasein in einem der zahlreichen Flüchtlingslager"

 

 

 

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  • Ashok Nigam - UN: "die momentane Situation ist sicherlich auf den Umstand zurückzuführen, dass diese Menschen keine Staatsbürgerschaft besitzen"

 

 

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  • "es ist von elementarer Bedeutung, dass sie die gleichen Rechte und den gleichen Schutz bekommen wie alle anderen Menschen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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BURMA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ BURMA

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  • "Burma, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a sovereign state in southeast Asia"

 

 

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  • "bordered by China, Thailand, India, Laos and Bangladesh"

 

 

 

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  • Population: 51.4 million

 

 

 

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Myan-Mar - Wikipedia MY: LINK ¤ Myan-Mar
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Burma - Map: LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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burma - 14201B

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