Cambodia



Cambodia Report - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "Cambodia became a multi-party democracy in 1993"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but opponents accuse long-serving Prime Minister Hun Sen of heading a violent and authoritarian system"

 

 

 

 

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  • "corruption is deep-rooted and Cambodia is still one of the world's poorest countries, with around one third of people living on less than one dollar per day"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "most of the workforce is employed in subsistence farming. The Mekong River provides fertile, irrigated fields for rice production"

 

 

 

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  • "garment-making is the biggest industry, employing around half a million people and accounting for 80% of exports"

 

 

 

 

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  • "many thousands of people have been displaced as the government has granted land to companies who are keen to exploit resources such as rubber, sugar and minerals"

 

 

 

 

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  • "years of widespread illegal logging have led to a rapid decline in Cambodia's forest cover. "Global Witness" says top officials are involved in the trade"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the imposing temple complex at Angkor, built between the ninth and 13th centuries by Khmer kings, is a UN heritage site and a big draw for visitors"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the fate of Cambodia shocked the world when the Khmer Rouge under their leader Pol Pot seized power in 1975"

 

 

 

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  • "up to two million people died, many from exhaustion or starvation, while others were tortured and executed, until an Vietnamese-led invasion ended Khmer Rouge rule in 1979"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a UN-backed tribunal aims to bring those responsible to justice"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "only three senior Khmer Rouge figures have been convicted so far"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Cambodia's Garment Workers needled by low Wages and poor Conditions - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Cambodia's garment industry is worth US$ 1.5bn, employing almost 400,000 workers"

 

 

 

 

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  • "90% of them young women - in more than 400 factories nationwide"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "most of the garment companies are contract manufacturers for overseas firms"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "employees are becoming increasingly agitated that they are not profiting fairly from the spoils of their work"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they can see these vast amounts of money being made off the backs of some of the poorest workers in the region and how little they get back in return"

 

 

 

 

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  • "between 2010 and 2012, the number of strikes increased by nearly 170%"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in May 2013, there was an increase from US$ 60 to US$ 75 a month"

 

 

 

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  • "but this increase has brought little benefit for workers, since it has been swallowed up by increases in rent and other expenses"

 

 

 

 

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  • "an ILO report (International Labour Organisation) found that over the past three years insufficient attention has been given to working conditions, particularly fire safety, child labour, worker safety and health"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Cambodia the industry is made up of predominantly foreign investors"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we do not own the brand of the items we are producing - so our profits are determined by the brands and retailers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Legislation gives Government Powers to monitor, fine or disband NGO's - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "despite ongoing protests the Cambodia government passed a new piece of legislation"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which would give them great powers over associations and NGOs"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Law on Associations and Non-Governmental Organisations (LANGO) would impose mandatory registration"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on all domestic and international associations and NGOs"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they must also file annual reports on their activities and finances to the government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "civil society organisations and NGOs continued to protest throughout, and there were protests outside the parliament as the law was passed"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the government would also have the power to disband NGOs if their activities "jeopardise peace, stability and public order""

 

 

 

 

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  • "the LANGO law would allow the government to suppress dissenting voices"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Khmer Rouge Leaders guilty of Crimes against Humanity and jailed for Life - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "a UN-backed war crimes tribunal has found the Khmer Rouge’s Brother No 2 Nuon Chea and former head of state Khieu Samphan"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "guilty of crimes against humanity"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and sentenced the two elderly men to life imprisonment"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the verdict comes nearly 40 years after the regime led by Pol Pot ended its murderous four-year reign over Cambodia"

 

 

 

 

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  • "during which time nearly 2 million people - a quarter of the population - died from starvation, exhaustion, execution or lack of medical care"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "both were charged with crimes against humanity, homicide, torture, genocide and religious persecution"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in closing statements last year to the court, formally known as the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia"

 

 

 

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  • "Khieu Samphan described himself as a state figurehead who "did not have any power" and did not order any executions, calling the allegations a "fairytale""

 

 

 

 

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  • "the tribunal, launched in 2006 and heralded as a great opportunity for Cambodia to confront its bloody past"

 

 

 

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  • "convicted the Khmer Rouge prison director Kaing Guek Eav - he was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2011"

 

 

 

 

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  • "illness and death have prevented other defendants from standing trial"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Lars Olsen, the court’s spokesman, called the verdict "a historic day" for both the people and legal system of Cambodia"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the victims have waited 35 years for legal accountability"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) praised the court’s decision, saying:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is important to see those who planned and ordered these crimes be held to account"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Capital: Phnom Penh
- [ RGC = Royal Government of Cambodia ]


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Tycoons
- US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07PHNOMPENH1034

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  • "Prime Minister Hun Sen is cultivating mutually beneficial relationships"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with the country's most prominent business tycoons"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "these business leaders contribute money to the ruling Cambodian Peoples Party (CPP)"

 

 

 

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  • "Hun Sen can call on them to fund charities and public works projects"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in return, the business tycoons enjoy the added credibility and legitimacy of having the Prime Minister's support"

 

 

 

 

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  • "these symbiotic relationships illustrate the networks of business tycoons"

 

 

 

 

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  • "political figures, and government officials"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Kith Meng

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  • ""Mr. Rough Stuff": as the chairman and CEO of Royal Group of Companies (RGC), his resume runs the gamut of many different businesses"

 

 

 

 

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  • "he is the chairman of mobile phone company Cam GSM Co., Cambodia Television Network (CTN)"

 

 

 

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  • "Cambo Six European soccer betting Co., and CamLot Lottery Co"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ly Yong Phat:

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  • ""the King of Koh Kong": amassed a large fortune from importing and exporting cigarettes"

 

 

 

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  • "generating electricity, and running casinos and resorts"

 

 

 

 

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  • "he has good relations with businessmen and government officials on both sides of the Cambodian-Thai border"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Rice - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09PHNOMPENH370

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  • "rice occupies a place of pride in the Cambodian psyche"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and is planted in over 85 percent of all cultivated area"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Agriculture Minister Chan Sarun forecasts that Cambodia will export eight million tons of rice annually by 2015"

 

 

 

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  • "a dramatic improvement from the three million tons currently expected by the government"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which would eventually place Cambodia very close to Thailand, the world's leading rice exporter"

 

 

 

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  • "which currently exports 9.5 million tons annually"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US agriculture companies have begun to explore"

 

 

 

 

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  • "opportunities in the Cambodian market"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Dupont and Monsanto are promoting hybrid corn seeds"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chevron - US cable - 2008:
LINK ¤ 08PHNOMPENH128

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  • Chevron general manager exploration Gerry Flaherty: "the overlapping claims area (OCA)"

 

 

 

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  • "the disputed waters between Cambodia and Thailand"

 

 

 

 

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  • "is one of the best areas for exploration in the world"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Mining - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08PHNOMPENH398

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  • "northeastern Cambodia's mining has increased"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the search for gold and bauxite"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "unregulated mining is opposed"

 

 

 

 

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  • "by environmental groups"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "who worry about the effects of toxic chemicals"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and potential exploitation in some of Cambodia's extensive protected areas"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Khmer - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09PHNOMPENH212

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  • "hearings of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal:"

 

 

 

 

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  • "reading of charges against torture center director Eang Geuk Eav, known as Duch"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Duch is the first to be tried of five former Khmer Rouge (KR) leaders"

 

 

 

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  • "facing prosecution for their role in the atrocities committed under the regime"

 

 

 

 

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  • "he stands accused of crimes against humanity, grave breaches of the Geneva Convention of 1949"

 

 

 

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  • "and premeditated murder and torture in violation of Cambodia's 1956 Penal Code"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the majority of the victims were KR cadre"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but also included their family members, officials and supporters of the former regime"

 

 

 

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  • "and minority groups (such as the Cham)"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Duch accepted responsibly"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and delivered a lengthy apology to his victims and their family members"

 

 

 

 

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  • "although asserting that he was only following orders from above"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Khmer - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09PHNOMPENH645

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  • "Cambodian psychologist Dr. Sotheara gave detailed testimony on the mental traumas experienced by KR victims"

 

 

 

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  • "the atrocities committed by the KR regime have had ripple effects on younger generations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "40% of Cambodians over the age of 18"

 

 

 

 

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  • "have experienced symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Climate Change - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09PHNOMPENH283

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  • "as a least developed country (LDC), Cambodia stands to lose much"

 

 

 

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  • "if the predicted effects of climate change come true"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the country's dependence on agriculture and fisheries"

 

 

 

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  • "and poor health sector infrastructure"

 

 

 

 

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  • "highlight the country's vulnerability to the potential impacts of climate change"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CAMBODIA - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ CAMBODIA

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  • "Cambodia, officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in southeast Asia"

 

 

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  • "bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest"

 

 

 

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  • Population: 15.4 million

 

 

 

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Kampuchea - Wikipedia KM:
LINK ¤ Kampuchea
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Cambodia - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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cambodia - 14202CB
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