Turkey





Erdoğan v. free Speech: how does it feel to live in Turkey right now ? - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "a referendum on constitutional changes, where Erdoğan wants to expand presidental powers, will take place on 16 April"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Turkey, once a secular democracy, is now the world’s biggest prison for journalists"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has slowly tightened his grip on freedom of expression, choking his critics"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "editors of national newspapers now face life sentences for working "against the state""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "people have been arrested for Internet posts criticising the government - and last week over 4,400 public servants were sacked in an act targeting the political opposition"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "tell us, how does it feel to live in Turkey right now ?!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "when did you notice that free speech was being compromised ?!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and what advice can you give to other people around the world ?!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Turkey: beware an elected Dictatorship - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Turkey is lurching towards an elected dictatorship"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the arrests of 18,000 people, and the sacking of 2,700 judges, are very bad signs coming from a regime"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which has already done its best to intimidate civil society through the harassment and persecution of journalists"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Erdoğan is an ambitious man, who wants to have great power"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the people who spilled on to the streets to defeat the coup forces were there"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to defend democracy itself !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the turnout of protesters was high even in cities such as Izmir, where the AKP party is weak"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was a cause bigger than the president"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the question for the future is, whether he understands that it is ?!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this would mean respect for human rights, and a reaffirmation of the rule of the law !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Erdoğan concedes no Party has Mandate after Turkish Vote - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Erdoğan's 13-year-old reign of solid majorities for the Justice and Development party (AKP) was ended"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by a stunning voter backlash against his increasingly authoritarian rule"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the parliamentary elections represented a watershed by shaving nearly 10 points from the AKP"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and putting a liberal pro-Kurdish party in Parliament in Ankara for the first time"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "coalition talks will dominate the coming weeks in Turkey after voters snubbed the president’s plans"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to change the constitution and extend his grip on power"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "delivering the biggest blow to the AKP since 2002"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the election result wrecked Erdoğan’s ambition of rewriting the constitution to establish himself as an "executive" president"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "while the country’s large Kurdish minority has been granted its biggest voice ever in national politics"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the leftist HDP, a new party - largely representing the Kurds but also encompassing liberals nationally"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "will give the Kurds - who, with 20% of Turkey’s population, are the country’s biggest minority - true representation in Parliament"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the HDP surpassed the steep 10% threshold for entering Parliament to take more than 12% of the vote and around 80 seats in the 550-strong chamber"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the 10% hurdle, dating from the military-authored constitution of 1980, had been intended in part to diminish Kurdish representation in the Parliament"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Selahattin Demirtas, co-chair of the HDP: "the election results had clearly put an end to all plans of an "executive" presidency"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Erdoğan’s "divide-and-rule" strategy of rallying his religious-conservative base has led to increasing polarisation in Turkey"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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is Turkey under Erdoğan a Democracy ? - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s politics of paranoia has taken another ugly twist"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with the arrest of more than 30 opposition journalists"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "media workers, former police chiefs and investigators on palpably flimsy conspiracy charges"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "nobody in Istanbul doubts he personally ordered the nationwide raids"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the raids targeted Zaman newspaper, whose editor-in-chief, Ekrem Dumanli"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "was among those detained, and other media outlets allegedly engaged in "forgery and slander""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "crowds supporting the Zaman journalists held banners outside the newspaper’s offices"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the free press cannot be silenced !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Erdoğan, elected president, exercises de facto control over most of Turkey’s mainstream media"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as well as parliament, the courts and the security services"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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  • "his intimidation and suppression of independent journalism, and his zero tolerance for criticism from whatever quarter, are notorious"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "during the Gezi street protests in 2013"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he railed against Twitter and other social media, and briefly tried to ban them"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a focus of Erdoğan’s ire is corruption allegations that surfaced a year ago"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "implicating his associates, government ministers and their families"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Erdogan has levelled similar accusations in the past at the Turkish armed forces, and has mounted large-scale purges and mass trials"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • columnist Yusuf Kanli: "those who engage in an allegiance relationship with the government would be rewarded"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "while those who exercise the fundamental right to criticise"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that is, oppose the government in any manner - would be severely punished"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "can this mentality be reconciled with the notion of democracy ?!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Capital: Ankara
- [ GoT = Government of Turkey ]



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US Security - US cable - 2002: LINK ¤ 02ANKARA9058

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  • "US defense secretary Wolfowitz and US under secretary Grossman press Turks for support on Iraq"

 

 

 

 


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  • "they outlined an assistance package, the US was prepared to provide"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "should Turkey decide to become a full partner in military actions in Iraq"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the US wants from Turkey:

 

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  • "permission to conduct site surveys and begin site preparation of specified Turkish military facilities"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "stationing US and other (possibly British) troops in Turkey"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "approval of overflight rights"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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if the US and Turkey go to war against Iraq, the assistance package include:


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  • "US$ 2 billion for two years of some mix of foreign military financing (FMF) and economic support funds (ESF)"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US$ 1 billion in oil to be donated by other nations"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US$ 500 million in local procurement by US defense forces"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and there would be no independent Kurdish state in Iraq"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US is putting much effort forward to support Turkey's desire to get a date for accession negotiations from the European Union"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "you can count on us to press this line all through"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the economic consequences for Turkey:


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  • "the impact Turkey would face in the event of war with Iraq, in terms of the financing gap:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US$ 47 billion best case (short war)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to US$ 58 billion worst case (long war)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "losses in revenues, increased expenditures, and limits on access to financial markets"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Prime Minister Gul: "we know that war is not good"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is to be avoided"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Media - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08ANKARA1371

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  • "with the sale of Sabah Media Group to Calik Holdings"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "another portion of the media had fallen into the pro-government, pro-AKP camp"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a dangerously high percentage of the media - over 50% - is now beholden to them"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "given the traditional structure of Turkish media"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in which conglomerates with multiple business interests control most of the media"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is this a permanent and ominous shift to an Islamist point of view in the media ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "or just the new business elite following the example of their secular competitors"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "using their media interests to leverage favor"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with whomever is governing the country"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Elite - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08ANKARA1167

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  • "evidence of secret alliances among Turkey's unelected elites"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including elements of the military, judiciary, and bureaucracy, emerged"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a meeting between a Constitutional Court judge and the soon-to-be Chief of Defense"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "have raised flags that the "deep state" is more than legend"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the unnatural silence of mainstream media"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "highlights a split between those who are comfortable with "guardianship democracy""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and those who are not"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Deep State - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08ISTANBUL51

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  • "the "deep state" is a vague network of military personnel and government officials"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that purports to provide an "alternative" to state power"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this extra-legal grouping works to influence"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "behind actions by real state actors, often the military"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the contemporary deep state has overlap affiliation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with popularly termed "Operation Gladio""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a cold war stay behind network"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Türkei hat gewählt: Denkzettel für Erdogan - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die Türken haben Tayyip Erdogan abgestraft"

 

 

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  • "die große Mehrheit zur Änderung der Verfassung, ein Blankoschein für das Ein-Mann-Regime, bleibt ihm versagt. Selbst die Alleinregierung ist weg"

 

 

 

 

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  • "nach zwölfeinhalb Jahren an der Macht ist die konservative AKP erstmals gezwungen, einen Koalitionspartner zu suchen. Das wird alles andere als einfach"

 

 

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  • "Erdogan und seine Gefolgsmänner haben alle anderen politischen Kräfte im Land gegen sich aufgebracht: Spalten, nicht Kompromiss suchen, war ihre Arbeitsmethode"

 

 

 

 

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  • "die Türken hat dieses Leben in dauernder Anspannung zunehmend erschöpft"

 

 

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  • "der Einzug der bunten Demokratischen Partei der Völker (HDP) ist ein großer Schritt nach vorn für die Demokratie der Türkei"

 

 

 

 

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  • "die Botschaft der HDP ist die Versöhnung"

 

 

 

 

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  • "das reicht, um die Mehrheit von Erdogans Partei zu beschneiden"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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das basisdemokratische türkische Experiment - Ilker Ataç: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "warum konnten die Ereignisse im Gezi-Park so viele Menschen mobilisieren ?"

 

 

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  • "erstens steht der Gezi-Park für die Privatisierung des öffentlichen Raums"

 

 

 

 

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  • "darüber hinaus bleibt der Taksim-Platz für die Arbeiterbewegung und andere oppositionelle Bewegungen ein symbolischer Ort"

 

 

 

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  • "zweitens steht die Reaktion der Regierung und der Polizei gegen die Besetzung für eine zunehmend autoritäre Politik"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "drittens war die Reaktion der Medien, die über die Ereignisse nicht berichtet haben, ein wichtiger Faktor"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "was hier passiert, ist als ein demokratisches Experiment zu beschreiben"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "das für Selbstbestimmung plädiert"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 







 

 

 

 

 

 


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TURKEY - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ TURKEY

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  • "Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country in Eurasia"

 

 

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  • "bordered by Greece, Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Iraq, and Syria"

 

 

 

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  • Population: 79.8 million

 

 

 

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Türkiye - Wikipedia TR: LINK ¤ Türkiye
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Turkey - Map: LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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turkey - 14201TK
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