Yahoo




Yahoo secretly monitored Emails on behalf of US Security Agencies - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the company complied with a classified directive, scanning hundreds of millions of Yahoo Mail accounts at the behest of the NSA"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Yahoo last year secretly built a custom software program to search all of its customers’ incoming emails for specific information at the request of US intelligence officials"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the company complied with a classified US government directive, scanning hundreds of millions of Yahoo Mail accounts"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the behest of the National Security Agency or FBI, two former employees and a third person who knew about the program said"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "surveillance experts said this represents the first known case of a US internet company agreeing to a spy agency’s demand"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by searching all arriving messages"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer’s decision to obey the directive troubled some senior executives and led to the June 2015 departure of the chief information security officer"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "revelations by Edward Snowden about the Prism and Upstream programs - of which the Yahoo program looks like a hybrid"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "show that US citizens were also subject to mass surveillance"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Andrew Crocker, Electronic Frontier Foundation: "it sounds like they are scanning all emails, even inside the US""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the fourth amendment protects that fully. It’s hard to see how the government justifies requiring Yahoo to search emails like that"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is no warrant that could possibly justify scanning all emails"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the program was discovered by Yahoo’s security team in May 2015, within weeks of its installation. Staff initially thought hackers had broken in"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "when Stamos found out that Mayer had authorized the program, he resigned as chief information security officer and told his subordinates that he had been left out of a decision"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that hurt users’ security"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "due to a programming flaw, he said, hackers could have accessed the stored emails"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the demand to search Yahoo Mail accounts came in the form of a classified directive sent to the company’s legal team"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US phone and internet companies are known to have handed over bulk customer data to intelligence agencies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "former government officials said they had not previously seen such a broad directive for real-time web collection"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "experts said it was likely that the NSA had approached other internet companies with the same demand"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the NSA usually makes requests for domestic surveillance through the FBI, so it is hard to discern which agency is seeking the information"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "disclosures by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden and others have exposed the extent of electronic surveillance"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and led US authorities to modestly scale back some of the programs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "ACLU staff attorney Patrick Toomey said that the demand made on Yahoo was "unprecedented" and potentially unconstitutional"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is deeply disappointing that Yahoo simply chose to comply with this sweeping surveillance order"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the post-Snowden world, customers are counting on technology companies to stand up to novel spying demands in court"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Senator Ron Wyden: "it is a fact that collection under Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act has a significant impact on Americans’ privacy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is public record that this expansive surveillance program is the basis for warrantless searches of Americans’ emails, and that the government has never even counted how many"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the NSA has said that it only targets individuals under Section 702 by searching for email addresses and similar identifiers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "if that has changed, the executive branch has an obligation to notify the public"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Mayer and other executives ultimately decided to comply with the directive last year rather than fight it, in part because they thought they would lose"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Yahoo employees were upset about the decision not to contest the more recent directive and thought the company could have prevailed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they were also upset that Mayer and Yahoo general counsel Ron Bell did not involve the company’s security team in the process"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "instead asking Yahoo’s email engineers to write a program to siphon off messages"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Surveillance Reform Explainer - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "something surprising happened in Washington DC on Tuesday: Congress passed surveillance reform"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "last weekend, three parts of the Patriot Act - a bill disapproved of in its current form by many Americans across party lines - expired"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "ending authority for several forms of surveillance of US citizens introduced by the Bush administration"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and altered in secret by the National Security Agency"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Senate passed the "USA Freedom Act", which restores expired powers of the FBI, notably the "business records", "lone wolf" and "roving wiretap" provisions"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but puts an end to the NSA’s indiscriminate collection of American phone records"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the fight was hard-won: Senate GOP leader Mitch McConnell advanced three different amendments that would have defanged the reforms in various ways"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "all three failed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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so that’s it - the FBI can’t listen to my phone calls anymore, right ?

 

 

 

 

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  • "wrong"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the FBI will do whatever it wants with your phone calls, provided it has a warrant"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "section 215 of the Patriot Act, used by the FBI "to obtain large collections of metadata", had indeed expired, but the "USA Freedom Act" restored it"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Freedom Act, as mentioned, will stop the NSA from collecting Americans’ phone records in bulk"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the main statute the FBI uses to listen in directly on phone calls is called Calea - the 1994 Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Calea was designed to make it easier for the FBI to listen in on calls, giving the FBI a backdoor key to phone or internet companies"

 

 

 

 

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  • "where phone records are concerned, the FBI has a history of circumventing the requirement for a warrant"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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speak English: what are "lone-wolf" capabilities ?

 

 

 

 

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  • "sorry. First up, we’re talking about the 2004 "lone wolf" amendment to the 1978 Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (Fisa)"

 

 

 

 

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  • "see, Fisa created a secret court that issues warrants for surveillance to the FBI (and helped the NSA retroactively shoehorn metadata collection into the Patriot Act in 2006)"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the definition of lone wolf is nebulous - to say the least"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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and "roving wiretaps" ?

 

 

 

 

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  • ""roving wiretaps" are supposed to allow the government to track suspects who change phones, but their definition is very broad too"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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go back: secret court ?

 

 

 

 

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  • "yes. Fisa created a secret court that issues orders related to surveillance, including US citizens"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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which Americans ?

 

 

 

 

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  • "definitely everybody on Verizon, who had their data swept up by the NSA, as first revealed by Snowden, for example"

 

 

 

 

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  • "also US customers of other phone companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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will the USA Freedom Act get rid of that secret court ?

 

 

 

 

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  • "nope"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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so what does the Freedom Act even do then ?

 

 

 

 

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  • "at this point in the debate, its biggest change is to make a big trade: it junks the NSA’s bulk collection of US phone data"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in exchange for restoring the now-expired, aforementioned FBI powers in the Patriot Act"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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wait, so how can I be sure nobody’s listening who isn’t supposed to be listening ?

 

 

 

 

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  • "the short answer is that you can’t, but the long answer is more interesting"

 

 

 

 

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  • "fear of government surveillance has meant a boom in apps and proxies that purport to offer secure alternatives to plain old telephone service connections"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "your data goes through open phone lines, cell towers and fiber cables, but it can be encrypted in a number of ways"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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so this isn’t big news ?

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for the past 15 years Congress’s favorite thing to do has been to expand NSA powers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "now it’s restricting them for the first time since 1978"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Email of CIA Director John Brennan - PDF: LINK ¤ WIKILEAKS

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  • "email from CIA director John Brennan’s personal account: "intel position paper""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US must have a national intelligence system that brings together the capabilities of our collection, analytic, and technical communities"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a manner that optimally promotes US and global security interests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the intelligence community must never be subject to political manipulation and interference"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the intelligence community has grown significantly"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the intelligence mission must involve all levels of the departments and agencies, as well as those of the private sector"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the World says no to Surveillance - Edward Snowden: LINK ¤ NEW YORK TIMES

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  • "three years ago today, three journalists and I worked nervously in a Hong Kong hotel room, waiting to see how the world would react to the revelation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that the NSA had been making records of nearly every phone call in the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the days that followed, those journalists and others published documents revealing that democratic governments"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "had been monitoring the private activities of ordinary citizens who had done nothing wrong"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "within days, the US government responded by bringing charges against me under WWI-era espionage laws"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the journalists were advised by lawyers that they risked arrest or subpoena if they returned to the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there were moments when I worried that we might have put our privileged lives at risk for nothing - that the public would react with indifference to the revelations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "never have I been so grateful to have been so wrong"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "three years on, the difference is profound"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a single month, the NSA’s invasive call-tracking program was declared unlawful by the courts and disowned by Congress"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after a White House-appointed oversight board investigation found that this program had not stopped a single attack"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the President has now ordered it terminated"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this is the power of an informed public"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "ending the mass surveillance of private phone calls under the Patriot Act is a historic victory for the rights of every citizen"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but it is only the latest product of a change in global awareness"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "since 2013, institutions across Europe have ruled similar laws and operations illegal and imposed new restrictions on future activities"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the United Nations declared mass surveillance an unambiguous violation of human rights"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Latin America, the efforts of citizens in Brazil led to the Marco Civil, an Internet Bill of Rights"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "recognizing the critical role of informed citizens in correcting the excesses of security agencies, the Council of Europe called for new laws to protect whistle-blowers"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "beyond the frontiers of law, progress has come even more quickly"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "technologists have worked tirelessly to re-engineer the security of the devices that surround us, along with the language of the Internet itself"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "secret flaws in critical infrastructure that had been exploited by governments to facilitate mass surveillance have been detected and corrected"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "basic technical safeguards such as encryption are now enabled by default in the products of some companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "such structural technological changes can ensure access to basic privacies beyond borders"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "some of the world’s most popular online services have been enlisted as partners in the NSA’s mass surveillance programs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and technology companies are being pressured by governments around the world to work against their customers rather than for them"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "billions of cellphone location records are still being intercepted without regard for the guilt or innocence of those affected"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we have learned that our government intentionally weakens the fundamental security of the Internet with "back doors" that transform private lives into open books"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "metadata revealing the personal associations and interests of ordinary Internet users is still being intercepted and monitored on a scale unprecedented in history"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as you read this online, the US security agencies make a note"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the turning of the millennium, few imagined that citizens of developed democracies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "would be required to defend the concept of an open society against their own leaders"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "yet the balance of power is beginning to shift"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with each court victory, with every change in the law, we demonstrate facts are more convincing than fear"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a society, we rediscover that the value of a right is not in what it hides, but in what it protects"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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YAHOO - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ YAHOO

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  • "Yahoo Inc. is an American company: Internet search"

 

 

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Yahoo scannt E-Mails aller Kunden für US-Geheimdienste - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "nach dem Datendiebstahl von 500 Millionen Kunden sieht sich die Internetfirma Yahoo nun mit weiteren schweren Anschuldigungen konfrontiert"

 

 

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  • "das Unternehmen hat alle eingehenden E-Mails von allen Kunden auf Anweisung von US-Geheimdiensten überwacht"

 

 

 

 

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  • "konkret wurde vergangenes Jahr ein eigenes Programm entwickelt, das jede neue, eingetroffene Nachricht automatisch nach von den Ermittlern der NSA und des FBI angeforderten Informationen durchsucht hat"

 

 

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  • "dies hat hunderte Millionen Mails betroffen"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Grundlage dafür war eine geheime Anordnung der US-Regierung, erklären zwei ehemalige Angestellte sowie eine mit den Vorgängen vertraute Person"

 

 

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  • "dies ist das erste Mal, dass ein US-Onlineunternehmen sich dazu bereit erklärt hat, neu eingehende Mails aller Kunden praktisch in Echtzeit zu überwachen"

 

 

 

 

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  • "die Entscheidung, der Fisa-Direktive Folge zu leisten, ist letztlich von Firmenchefin Marissa Mayer selbst getroffen worden"

 

 

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  • "das nicht darüber in Kenntnis gesetzte Sicherheitsteam von Yahoo hatte das Abhörprogramm nur wenige Wochen nach seiner Installation im Mai 2015 entdeckt und war ursprünglich von einem Hackerangriff ausgegangen"

 

 

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  • "kurz darauf, im Juni, verließ der Sicherheitschef die Firma, was unmittelbar mit diesem Vorfall zusammenhängt"

 

 

 

 

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  • "laut Experten ist anzunehmen, dass die Geheimdienste eine solche Direktive auch an andere US-Internetfirmen erteilt haben"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Edward Snowden: das Machtgleichgewicht hat sich zu verschieben begonnen - Spiegel online: LINK ¤ SPIEGEL ONLINE

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  • "Edward Snowden spricht von einem historischen Sieg für die Rechte eines jeden Bürgers"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in einem Beitrag zur Einschränkung der Befugnisse der NSA auf US-amerikanischem Boden äußert er sich anerkennend über die Geheimdienstreform der US-Regierung"

 

 

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  • ""es ist das jüngste Resultat eines Wandels im globalen Bewusstsein", schreibt der Whistleblower"

 

 

 

 

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  • "der US-Kongress hatte die von Präsident Barack Obama versprochene Geheimdienstreform angenommen"

 

 

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  • "der Senat stimmte mit 67 zu 32 Stimmen für den sogenannten "USA Freedom Act". Kurz darauf setzte Obama das Gesetz mit seiner Unterschrift in Kraft"

 

 

 

 

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  • "zwar ist das Recht auf Privatsphäre überall auf dem Globus "weiterhin bedroht", schreibt Snowden"

 

 

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  • "gleichwohl sind drei Jahre nach Beginn der NSA-Affäre enorme technische und politische Fortschritte zu beobachten"

 

 

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  • "so werden etwa Verschlüsselungsprogramme nun standardmäßig von Firmen aktiviert"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Europa und andernorts sind etliche Überwachungsmethoden der Geheimdienste für rechtswidrig erklärt worden"

 

 

 

 

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  • "das Machtgleichgewicht hat sich zu verschieben begonnen"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "eine Politik, die sich abwendet von Angst und sich stattdessen Widerstandsfähigkeit und Vernunft zuwendet"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "das Gesetz reformiert den Patriot Act, der den Geheimdiensten weitreichende Möglichkeiten eingeräumt hatte"

 

 

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  • "so sammelte die NSA auf dieser Grundlage in den USA massenhaft Telefonmetadaten"

 

 

 

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  • "der Datenzugriff ist dem Geheimdienst auch künftig erlaubt, doch werden die Daten bei den Telefonfirmen verbleiben"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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YAHOO - Wikipedia DE: LINK ¤ YAHOO

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