Russia




Khodorkovsky breaks political Silence - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the former tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky - who spent a decade in jail after challenging the Kremlin  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "says he would be ready to lead Russia - if called upon !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I would not be interested in the idea - of becoming President of Russia at a time !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "when the country - would be developing normally !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but if it appeared necessary to overcome the current crisis - and to carry out constitutional reforms !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the essence of which would be - to redistribute presidential powers !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in favour of the judiciary - parliament and civil society !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "then I would be ready - to take on this part of the task  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Open Russia" unites pro-European Russians - and challenges Putin !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Open Russia" is challenging the undemocratic system - for which Putin is standing for !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at first, "Open Russia" is an online "platform" for like-minded people - not a political party !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""Open Russia" supports what we call - the European choice !!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a state governed - by the rule of law !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we believe that the statement ‘Russia is not Europe’ - is a lie !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this is being done by those who wanted to rule the country for themselves - those who wanted to spit upon law  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we are Europe !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "both in terms of geography - and culture !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we are not simply Russian Europeans - we are patriots !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and true patriots even during pitch-dark reactionary times - serves their country and their people !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Russia's GDP falls 3.7% as Sanctions and low Oil Price take Effect
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Russia's economy contracts - by 3.7% this year !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "according to figures - published by the country's statistics service  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "as the oil price - and international sanctions take their toll !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the rouble trades near a record low to the dollar !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the government said - it will have to make cuts to the budget !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "other economic indicators published by the state statistics service - show continuing heavy falls and a deterioration compared with previous months !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "retail sales were down more than 15% year-on-year - while capital investment fell 8.7% year-on-year !!!"

 

 


 

 

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  • "inflation reached 12.9% last year - driving a 9.5% decline in real wages !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the longer Russia's economic woes continue - the greater the likelihood that social protest here will spread !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Russia Report
- BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "a period of rapid privatisation under Boris Yeltsin in the early 1990s - created a group - known as "oligarchs"  !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which were not working - for the ordinary Russians !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "because of the Russian behaviour - in Crimea !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US, EU, and other Western states - imposes sanctions against businesses and individuals, close to Putin !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Russia is heavily dependent - on raw materials !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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-
Capital: Moscow -GoR = Government of Russia ]


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US Trade - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06MOSCOW12702

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  • "after thirteen years of tough negotiations !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US - finally have in hand a bilateral agreement on Russia's accession to the WTO, World Trade Organization !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US firms - have been among the most energetic investors !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "International Paper - Boeing - Ford - GM - ConocoPhillips - Coca Cola - and Guardian Glass !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "have announced to put anywhere from US$ 150 million to US$ 1 billion - in Russia !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Alcoa - Citigroup - John Deere - Dow - ExxonMobil - Cargill !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Procter and Gamble - United Technologies - General Electric and Walmart !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "have been steadily increasing - their presence here !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "spurred on - by double-digit sales growth !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Russian investment fund of over US$ 20 billion to finance infrastructure - six new special economic zones !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a US$ 100 million World Bank credit line - to finance seven technoparks !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "offer a wide array of opportunities - to US firms !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the bilateral US-Russia - WTO deal !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "is the best opportunity for the USA - to bolster our commercial ties !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and sufficient momentum - where we, the US, want to weather coming elections  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Siloviki - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07MOSCOW5066

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  • "Federal Narcotics Service chief Cherkesov's article - in the national daily Kommersant  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "lifted the veil on long-simmering rivalries - in Putin's inner circle !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he complained about those "siloviki" - who had become businessmen !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "instead of soldiers for the state !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he lifted the lid - on the power struggle - in the inner circle !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Medvedev - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09MOSCOW268

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  • "any discussion of Dmitriy Medvedev - inevitably begins with an assessment of Vladimir Putin !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Putin has established rival blocs !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with the selection of Medvedev - providing a vast boost to the "moderate" wing in Russia !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the same time - the interests of the security services !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "are part of the inner circle !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "because Medvedev lacks levers of control - over the "siloviki"  !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a close relationship with Putin - is for him most important !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is a struggle underway for influence - between Medvedev and his supporters !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "against the hard-line - "silovik" camp !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this competition remains shrouded - by the opaque nature of the politics !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Sechin and Medvedev can be seen - as the center of mass on each side !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and Putin wants to play - the balancing role !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:

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  • "Medvedev should be seen - as the primary interlocutor for the USA !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "making Medvedev - the focus of US interaction !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Media - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07MOSCOW2469

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  • "the Kremlin had been making erratic attempts - to fine tune the press !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Duma and presidential elections - should go according to the script !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "law enforcement had been used in an attempt - to enforce a boycott on some opposition politicians - or to close NGOs !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "meanwhile, Internet newspapers continue to offer - unvarnished versions of the news !!!!!!"

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

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Media - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06MOSCOW10689

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  • "Pavel Gusev - owner and editor-in-chief of Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "described the "media vertical" of direct ownership - and indirect corporate persuasion !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was more subtle - but certain  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "more guidance - and instructions !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "asking:  "why" do you want to draw attention to this issue ?!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and talking to their financiers and corporate owners - when this trick was not working !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Blogging - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07MOSCOW4067

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  • "blogs are the fastest-growing - and least constrained mass media !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the popularity of blogs has increased exponentially in Russia - especially among people in their 20s and 30s  !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "although most blogs do not deal with political matters - they represent an important social phenomenon !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and provide an independent medium !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a barometer - for free speech !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • leading blogger and journalist Dmitriy Galkovskiy: "people on the Internet have learned to compare information !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and judge events - from different points of view !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "crude propaganda - has little effect !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Politkovskaya - US cable - 2006:
LINK ¤ 06MOSCOW11316

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  • "internationally-known investigative journalist - Anna Politkovskaya !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "was assassinated late-afternoon !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "just after entering her apartment building - near Belorusskiy train station in Moscow  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Politkovskaya is known - for uncompromising work !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "highlighting corruption - and human rights violations !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Litvinenko - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06MOSCOW12751

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  • "the death by radiation poisoning - of former FSB agent Aleksandr Litvinenko in London !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "has spawned a welter of conspiracy theories here !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Prisons
- US cable - 2008:
LINK ¤ 08MOSCOW531

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  • "the Russian prison system combined - vast distances, harsh climate, and an uncaring bureaucracy !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and fused them - into an instrument of punishment !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in combination with corruption - a system was created, that resisted attempts to change it !!!!"

 

 

 


 

 

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  • "Russia imprisoned a greater portion of its population - than almost any other country in the world !!!!"

 

 


 

 

 

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  • "second only - to the USA !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Soldiers' Mothers - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08MOSCOW173

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  • "the executive secretary of the Union of Soldiers' Mothers Committee - Valentina Melnikova !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "despite her organization's efforts - the lives of soldiers in the Russian military !!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "has not changed very much !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but what her organization has achieved - is to bring greater media attention to soldiers' issues !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Kasparov - US cable - 2006:
LINK ¤ 06MOSCOW12916

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  • "United Civic Front chairman Garry Kasparov - confirmed press accounts !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that police had searched - his organization's offices !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he thought that "intimidation" - was the purpose of the search !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which the police described - as prompted by a desire to prevent "provcations""

 

 

 

 

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  • "during a "march of those who don't agree" - organized by "Other Russia"  !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Poverty - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08MOSCOW750

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  • "Yevgeniy Gontmakher - director of the Center for Social Politics and the Institute of Economy at the Academy of Sciences !!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the growth of Russia's middle class - was stagnating !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "inflation - which for most Russians was twice the government's official 12 percent !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "poor social services !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and barriers to small businesses !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "were factors slowing the growth  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "leading to rising inequality !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "10 percent of Russians - have monthly incomes of at least US$ 1,000 and meet middle class criteria !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "another 20 percent of the population - meets "most" of the criteria !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "30 percent of Russians - are living in poverty !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Solzhenitsyn - US cable - 2008:
LINK ¤ 08MOSCOW932

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  • "the writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn - who remains alert and very engaged !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "voices his concerns - about poverty !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the widening gap - between rich and poor !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he enthusiastically tells of the need - to develop grassroots democracy !!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "through instruments - of local self-government !!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Alyokhina and Tolokonnikova demand Compensation - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova ( music artists ) - were given an amnesty !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "after serving 21 months in prison - and pre-trial confinement !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "are demanding120,000 each in compensation - plus € 10,000 in court fees !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "arguing that Russia violated four articles - of the European convention on human rights !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "( guaranteeing the rights to freedom of expression - liberty and security - and a fair trial - and prohibiting torture !!!! )"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they want this case to set a precedent - that Russians can speak publicly on sensitive political issues !!!!!!"

 

 

 


 


 

 

 

 

 

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Russische Wirtschaft schrumpft um 3,7 Prozent - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die russische Wirtschaft schrumpft amtlichen Angaben zufolge - im vergangenen Jahr um 3,7 Prozent !!!"

 

 

 

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  • "wie das nationale Statistikamt weiters mitteilt - sinken zudem die Einzelhandelsumsätze um zehn Prozent !!"

 

 

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  • "dem stark von Rohstoffen abhängigen Land - machen die westlichen Sanktionen schwer zu schaffen !!!"

 

 

 

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  • "auch die Landeswährung Rubel - verliert massiv an Wert !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Putins Pressekonferenz
- der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "ein staatlicher TV-Sender wollte wissen - was Putin gegen die Stagnation unternehmen wolle ?!"

 

 

 

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  • "die Zeitung Iswestija bezeichnete Putins Führungsstil - gar als "autoritär"  !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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RUSSIA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ RUSSIA

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Россия - Wikipedia RU: LINK ¤ Россия
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Russia - Map: LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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