EU Cables




Amazon ordered to repay € 250m by EU over 'illegal Tax Advantages' - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

 

  • "Amazon has been ordered by the European Commission to repay250m in back taxes !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to Luxembourg - as EU authorities continue their campaign against sweetheart deals"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the European Commission also announced on Wednesday that it planned to take the the Irish government to the European court of justice - ECJ"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "over its failure until now - to collect13bn in unpaid taxes from Apple !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Margrethe Vestager, the EU Commissioner in charge, said Luxembourg’s "illegal tax advantages to Amazon""

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "had allowed almost three-quarters of the company’s profits to go untaxed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "no matter your flag, no matter your ownership  ! - paying taxes is part of doing business in Europe !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Amazon had benefited from an illegal tax deal granted by the Luxembourg authorities that allowed the company to artificially reduce its tax bill from 2006 to 2014"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the company has been ordered to repay the full amount plus interest !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the case against Amazon centred on two subsidiaries incorporated in Luxembourg and controlled by the US parent - Amazon EU group and Amazon Europe Holding Technologies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the latter was described by the commission as "an empty shell" that had no employees or offices, but was used to bring down the company’s tax bill"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Amazon EU group transferred 90% of its operating profits to the holding company, where they were not taxed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "as a result, Amazon paid an effective tax rate in Luxembourg of 7.25%, compared with the national rate of 29%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the EU Commission has also ruled unlawful tax deals between Starbucks and the Dutch authorities !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and the EU authorities expect to conclude an inquiry into the fast-food chain McDonald’s in the coming weeks !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Juncker questions Barroso's decision to join Goldman Sachs - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

 

  • "the European Commission President, Jean-Claude Juncker, has criticised the controversial decision of his predecessor"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "José Manuel Barroso, to join the investment bank Goldman Sachs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Juncker said he objected to Barroso’s decision to work for Goldman because of the US investment bank’s role in the financial crisis"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Goldman Sachs was one of the organisations that knowingly or unknowingly contributed to the financial crisis we had between 2007 and 2009. So one does wonder about the particular bank he has ended up working for"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Barroso has come under intense pressure since his appointment in July as chairman of Goldman Sachs International, the bank’s UK and European operations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "earlier this week, Juncker launched an unprecedented investigation into whether Barroso broke EU rules by taking the job"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Barroso will not be received in EU institutions as a former president, but as an "interest representative" subject to the same rules as other lobbyists"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "staff from EU bodies have reacted with fury to the appointment, denouncing their former boss’s behaviour as "morally reprehensible""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "an anonymous group of workers launched a petition calling on Barroso to forfeit his pension for bringing the EU into disrepute by joining Goldman Sachs. The petition has been signed by almost 145,000 people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ECB Growth Forecasts - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

 

  • "Mario Draghi announces that QE programme starts, as the ECB raises its growth forecasts for the eurozone"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the ECB is more optimistic about the eurozone economy"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the latest staff forecasts show the eurozone growing by 1.5% this year"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "then by 1.9%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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European Central Bank to pump € 1.1tn into the Eurozone - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the European Central Bank launched a plan to pump1.1tn into the eurozone"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the ECB inject60bn of new money into financial markets every month until at least September 2016"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the bank will use electronically created money to buy the bonds of eurozone governments - quantitative easing"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to boost confidence and drive down the value of the single currency"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "helping to increase exports and kickstart growth"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the euro fell to US$ 1.14 against the dollar after the announcement - its lowest level for 11 years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the € 60bn-a-month price tag for the QE programme was larger than many had expected"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and underlined Draghi’s determination to hold the 19-member currency zone together"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the € 60bn-a-month total for the QE programme includes the purchase of private sector assets"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to unlock credit markets"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "Draghi stressing that QE alone would not repair the eurozone economy: "what monetary policy can do is to create the basis for growth""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but for growth to pick up you need investment"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the ECB had already announced, that it would leave its main interest rate unchanged at 0.05%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

ECB launches negative Interest Rate to boost Eurozone - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

 

  • "the European Central Bank's boss, Mario Draghi, and his colleagues on the governing council"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "cut the deposit rate for the region's commercial banks to -0.1%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the central bank also cut its main interest rate to a new record low of 0.15% from 0.25%"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and announced a € 400bn package of cheap funding for banks"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the condition it is used to lend money to companies outside the financial sector"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this is a significant package. Are we finished here ? - the answer is no"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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what is TTIP ?
- the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "TTIP - transatlantic trade and investment partnership - is a proposed trade agreement between the US and the EU"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "TTIP would most likely benefit many industries - including pharmaceutical, energy, clothing and textiles, and food and drink"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

what’s the problem ?


_________________________________________
  • "TTIP is about reaching behind the barriers and removing the standards and rules big business don’t like dealing with"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "like labour standards, environmental standards, food safety standards"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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and then there is the little issue of ISDS:


_________________________________________
  • "ISDS stands for "investor-state dispute settlement""

 

 

 

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  • "this is a key issue with the TTIP proposal; ISDS would allow businesses"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to take legal action against governments"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this means businesses would have more of a say in public policies"

 

 

 

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  • "and may even sue if one country does something to impact profits"

 

 

 

 

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  • "ISDS tribunals would allow businesses to claim compensation not just on lost profits"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but on potential loss of profits in the future"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that couldn’t be challenged"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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TTIP under Pressure - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "97% of respondents to an official EU survey voted against the TTIP deal"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the newly elected government in Greece has already said it will not approve the pact"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

the TTIP Deal would hand our Sovereignty to Multinationals - Owen Jones: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the actual aim of TTIP is to strip away obstacles to large corporations making profits"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "such as regulations that protect our privacy, the environment and food safety"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and TTIP would further open up public services to private companies motivated primarily"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by profit rather than people’s needs"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the key attack on democracy is an element of the treaty called investorstate dispute settlement (ISDS)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "ISDS in effect would grant multinationals the same legal position as a nation-state itself"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and would allow them to sue sovereign governments in so-called arbitration tribunals"

 

 

 

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  • "on the grounds that their profits are threatened by government policies"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "large companies have been agitating for this sort of deal for years"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "corporate chief executives set up the secretive "transatlantic business dialogue" as long ago as 1995"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to lobby against regulations deemed to impinge on the ability of multinational companies to make profits"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the list of "stakeholders" invited by the European commission to help shape TTIP is a salutary warning"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "about how far the EU, in its current form, is from serving citizens rather than profiteers"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "of 130 meetings on the deal, at least 119 were with big corporations or their lobbyists"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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EU under Pressure to allow GM Food from US
- the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "European Union member states are under increasing pressure from North American business groups"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to open their borders to imports of genetically modified food"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "documents from various US and Canadian government agencies and business trade bodies suggest strong pressure is being brought"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to bear from US industries to allow GM products and other foods into EU markets"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that would violate the EU’s current standards"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the EU had shown itself too willing to give in to such lobbying, despite protestations to the contrary"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "because in a new deal with Canada - outside of the TTIP but related to it"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the two have agreed to have a "shared objective" of minimising the disruption to trade from their different GM rules"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the pact with Canada shows that Europe has willingly made an agreement"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that undermines its own safety regime for genetically modified foods"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "citizens must demand that protecting public safety"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and the environment come before the profits of big business"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Google may face US$ 6bn EU anti-Trust Fine - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Google’s anti-trust row with the European commission could turn into a case bigger than the one that cost Microsoft more than € 2.2bn"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in a dramatic change of position, Joaquín Almunia, the EC’s competition commissioner, told the European parliament"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "that unless Google altered its offer to settle complaints, it could face a "statement of objections""

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the formal path towards a fine that could equate to 10% of the company’s global revenue, or about US$ 6bn"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google controls more than 90% of the online search market in Europe"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EC competition group could open an investigation into preferential positioning for Google in its Android operating system"

 

 

 

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  • "which is the most widely used smartphone software in Europe and the rest of the world"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "there could be another investigation of the US search firm for "the possible diversion of internet traffic towards Google services which are not search services""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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European Carbon Market Reform
- the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

_________________________________________

  • "MEPs vote to strengthen emissions trading scheme by taking 1.6bn surplus credits off the market to boost carbon prices"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "reforms to strengthen the EU’s flagship policy for cutting carbon, the emissions trading scheme (ETS), will start at the end of 2018"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "free allocations to polluters and over-achievement on green energy targets have created a flood of 2bn allowances"

 

 

 

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  • "that has led to a carbon price of around7 per tonne"

 

 

 

 

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  • "too low to encourage power companies to switch from polluting fuels such as coal"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU agrees to improve Energy Efficiency 30% by 2030 - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the target - to improve efficiency by 30% by 2030"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "had been the subject of dispute, as some industries wanted to avoid setting a firm goal"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "but others had been pushing for a tougher target, of 40% energy savings by 2030, and were disappointed"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the move could cut Europe’s reliance on imports of gas and other fossil fuels from states such as Russia"

 

 

 

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  • "currently, the EU spends more than € 400bn a year on imports of fossil fuels"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the commission has calculated that for every 1% in energy savings"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "EU gas imports could be expected to fall by 2.6%"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "however, it is not clear how the new target will be translated into individual legally binding targets for each member state"

 

 

 

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  • "an omission which many green campaigners have said will render it much less effective"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the commission’s own research shows efficiency could also create three-and-a-half million jobs"

 

 

 

 

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  • "while helping tackle climate change"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- Capital: Brussels -EC = European Commission ]


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Greece - US cable - 2010: LINK ¤ 10BERLIN181

_________________________________________

  • "Merkel's government welcomed the decision taken at the EU's informal summit in Brussels"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "not to provide financial assistance to cash-strapped Greece"

 

 

 

 

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  • "German officials believe a bailout is not needed"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and that an explicit guarantee for Greece, could weigh on Germany's own good standing in the markets"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Karlheinz Bischofberger, Deputy Head of the Financial Stability Department at the European Central Bank (ECB)":

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the likelihood that the IMF will be asked to bail out Greece is "zero""

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the current crisis has revealed an "Achilles heel" of the Eurozone"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it underlines the necessity of better integration and coordination of member state fiscal policies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU Treaty - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07BRUSSELS2473

_________________________________________

  • "as a result of French pressure, "free and undistorted" competition"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "will not be listed in the new treaty among the objectives of the EU"

 

 

 

 

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  • "however, the mandate states that the single market ensures that competition is not distorted"

 

 

 

 

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  • "this will be confirmed in a treaty protocol"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a protocol has the same legal value and binding character as the treaty itself"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU Treaty - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07BRUSSELS2001

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  • implications for the US: "the change in the voting system requires an adjustment in our EU lobbying tactics"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • power gain for the European Parliament (EP): "a "tearing down" of the pillar system increases the number of areas"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "where decisions are made jointly with the EP from 50% of the EU legislation to 95%"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a power gain by the EP leads us to increase our lobbying efforts"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "there are a number of members (including the bulk of the center-right party)"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "who are favorable to our positions"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Charter of Fundamental Rights - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08BRUSSELS397

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  • "the Charter appears like a catalogue drawing from the 1950 European Convention on Human Rights"

 

 

 

 

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  • "not designed to be a legal document, the Charter was given the ambiguous value of a "solemn proclamation""

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "as the text did not get the status of community law, cases could not be brought solely on the ground of a breach with it"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Charter does not extend the field of Union competencies"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it establishes no new powers or tasks for the Union"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and it does not amend its powers or its tasks such as they are defined in the Treaties"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:


_________________________________________
  • "the member states took all precautions to limit the scope of its application"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Barroso's new Commission
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS1616

_________________________________________

  • "EU commission president Barroso's announced line-up of the policy portfolios for the new commission"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "has mostly good implications for US economic policy interests"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Barroso's apportionment of the portfolios strikes us as being generally favorable to US interests"

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:

_________________________________________
  • "some portfolios will probably cause problems for us"

 

 

 

_________________________________________
  • "but in the main the assignments look generally positive for US interests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Structural Funds - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS382

_________________________________________

  • "the ten central European member states that joined the EU since 2004 have the opportunity to avail themselves"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "of 176.6 billion Euros of EU Structural and Cohesion funds"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "these funds were established to advance European economic and social cohesion"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "by investing in large-scale development programs for the EU's poorest regions"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "35 percent of the EU budget from 2007-2013 is dedicated to these funds"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "which benefit the new member states"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Unemployment - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS915

_________________________________________

  • "EU unemployment data released by the EU statistical office (EUROSTAT)"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "confirmed a broad pattern of deterioration on the EU labor markets"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the aggregate unemployment rate for the EU-27 soared to 8.9 percent"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "unemployment in the euro zone increased to 9.5"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

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Microsoft
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS1310

_________________________________________

  • "John Vassallo, Microsoft for EU affairs, told that the company"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • ""is very close" to concluding an overarching deal with the European commission"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the commission's case against Microsoft's tying of "Internet explorer" to "Windows""

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a five-year deal on sharing interoperability information with rival firms"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and a 10-year agreement to support PDF and other file format compatibility with Microsoft's own file format"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "there are only a few small issues to resolve over the tying case, to provide"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "within the EU all new Windows computer buyers, and all customers upgrading Windows versions"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a "ballot screen" whereby customers can select from 12 Internet browsers to use as their default browser"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "customers would also be able to deactivate "Internet explorer" completely"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the 11-year battle involved nearly US$ 2.5 billion in commission fines against Microsoft"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Nanotech - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS1720

_________________________________________

  • "the European Parliament (EP) adopted a report that urged the European commission"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to "completely overhaul" all regulations related to nanomaterials"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "treating all nanomaterials as new substances"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and to better take into account the risks associated with nanotechnology"

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

comment US:


_________________________________________
  • "the time is ripe for increased US engagement, to shape emerging regulations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Climate Change - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07BRUSSELS809

_________________________________________

  • "the European Council endorsed an integrated climate and energy policy"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in an effort to limit global warming to 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it called for targets to limit CO2 emissions by 20% by 2020"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and to adopt an overall binding goal of 20% of renewable energy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Climate Change - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS1339

_________________________________________

  • "Nancy Kontou, chief of staff to Environment Commissioner Dimas and Jos Delbeke, deputy director general for Environment"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "expressed concern that US negotiators will not have a legitimate negotiating mandate in Copenhagen"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Chinese and Indians are moving forward. It would be odd if the US"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "were not able to stand up in Copenhagen"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "if the US makes a commitment"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it would be easier for China to say that domestic action will clearly be reflected in an international agreement"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we need a commitment from the US"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to get a commitment from developing countries"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the hope is that the US will go to Copenhagen and say that it is willing to commit to do "X""

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the question is will the US be able to do that ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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JEAN MONET - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ JEAN MONET

_________________________________________

  • "Jean Monnet (1888 - 1979) was a French political economist and diplomat"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he is regarded by many as a chief architect of European unity and one of the founding fathers of the European Union"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in 1945 Monnet proposed the "Monnet plan", also known as the "theory of l'engrenage""

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it included taking control of the remaining German coal-producing areas"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and redirecting the production away from the German industry and into the French"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "thus permanently weakening Germany and raising the French economy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Ruhr agreement was imposed on the Germans as a condition for permitting them to establish the Federal Republic of Germany"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it controlled production levels, pricing and the sales markets"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "thus ensuring that France received a considerable portion of the Ruhr coal production at low prices"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "1950 French Minister of Foreign Affairs Robert Schuman made a declaration in the name of the French government"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this declaration, prepared by Monnet for Schuman"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "proposed integration of the French and German coal and steel industries under joint control"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a so-called "high authority", open to the other countries of Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EZB erwartet für Eurozone deutlich mehr Wachstum - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die Europäische Zentralbank (EZB) beginnt mit dem Aufkauf von zig Milliarden an Staatsanleihen"

 

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  • "pro Monat sollen 60 Milliarden Euro an Wertpapieren aufgekauft werden, um die Konjunktur anzukurbeln"

 

 

 

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  • "die EZB hat auch neue, deutlich bessere Prognosen für das Wirtschaftswachstum der Eurozone veröffentlicht"

 

_________________________________________

  • "heuer soll die Eurozone um 1,5 Prozent wachsen"

 

 

 

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  • "das liegt am billigeren Ölpreis, dem schwachen Euro und der offensiven EZB-Politik"

 

 

 

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  • "die Finanzierungsbedingungen für Firmen und Haushalte haben sich beträchtlich verbessert"

 

 

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  • "nächstes Jahr soll das Wachstum auf 1,9 Prozent klettern"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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JEAN MONET - Wikipedia DE:
LINK ¤ JEAN MONET

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  • "Jean Monnet (1888 - 1979) war französischer Unternehmer und der Wegbereiter der europäischen Einigungsbestrebungen"

 

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  • "von 1946 bis 1950 war Monnet erster Leiter des französischen Planungsamtes und plante Modernisierungsprogramme für die französische Wirtschaft"

 

 

 

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  • "er sah mit dem "Monnet-Plan" (1946-1950) ein großes Modernisierungsprogramm für die Wirtschaft Frankreichs"

 

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  • "und einen gewaltigen Ausbau der französischen Stahlkapazität vor"

 

 

 

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  • "dort entwickelte er später die Idee, die westeuropäische Montanindustrie unter Einbeziehung von Deutschland zusammenzuschließen"

 

_________________________________________

  • "am 9. Mai 1950 stellte der französische Außenminister Robert Schuman diese Idee in einer Regierungserklärung der Öffentlichkeit vor"

 

 

 

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  • Robert Schuman: "in Wahrheit ist dieser Plan (der Schumanplan) die Fortsetzung des Monnetplanes"

 

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  • "allein um den französischen Stahlexport zu erleichtern"

 

 

 

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  • "der zur Gründung der Europäischen Gemeinschaft für Kohle und Stahl (EGKS, Montanunion) führte"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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LUDWIG van BEETHOVEN - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ BEETHOVEN

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  • "Ludwig van Beethoven was a composer and pianist. He was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music"

 

 

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  • "and remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers"

 

 

 

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  • the anthem of Europe: "the fourth movement of his "Ninth Symphony" features an elaborate choral"

 

 

 

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  • "setting of Schiller's "Ode to Joy", an hymn championing the brotherhood of humanity"

 

 

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