EU Cables




the European Union declares War on plastic Waste - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the European Union targets single-use plastics in an urgent clean-up plan !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that aims to make all packaging reusable or recyclable by 2030 !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EU is waging war against plastic waste !!! - as part of an urgent plan to clean up Europe’s act"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and ensure that every piece of packaging on the continent is reusable or recyclable by 2030 !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on Tuesday, the EU launched a plastics strategy - designed to change minds in Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "potentially tax damaging behaviour ! - and modernise plastics production and collection by investing350m in research !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the vice-president of the commission, Frans Timmermans, said the priority was to clamp down on "single-use plastics that take five seconds to produce""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "you use it for five minutes - and it takes 500 years to break down again  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we have all seen the images in the oceans  ! - we must protect the fishes !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the EU’s sights are throw-away items such as drinking straws, "lively coloured" bottles that do not degrade, coffee cups, lids and stirrers, cutlery and takeaway packaging"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Timmermans: "some of the options in terms of the colour of bottles you can buy will be more limited than before  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but I am sure that if people understand that you can’t buy that lively green bottle, it will have a different colour, but it can be recycled  ! - people will buy into this"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EU wants 55% of all plastic to be recycled by 2030 !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and for member states to reduce the use of bags per person from 90 a year to 40 by 2026  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "an additional € 100m is being made available on top of current spending - to research better designs, durability and recyclability !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and EU member states will be put under an obligation to "monitor and reduce their marine litter  !""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EU is also to propose new clearer labelling for plastic packaging  ! - so consumers are clear about their recyclability  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and there are plans to ban the addition of microplastics to cosmetics and personal care products  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Amazon ordered to repay € 250m by EU over 'illegal Tax Advantages' - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Amazon has been ordered by the European Commission to repay250m in back taxes !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to Luxembourg - as EU authorities continue their campaign against sweetheart deals"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the European Commission also announced on Wednesday that it planned to take the the Irish government to the European court of justice - ECJ"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "over its failure until now - to collect13bn in unpaid taxes from Apple !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Margrethe Vestager, the EU Commissioner in charge, said Luxembourg’s "illegal tax advantages to Amazon""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "had allowed almost three-quarters of the company’s profits to go untaxed"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "no matter your flag, no matter your ownership  ! - paying taxes is part of doing business in Europe !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Amazon had benefited from an illegal tax deal granted by the Luxembourg authorities that allowed the company to artificially reduce its tax bill from 2006 to 2014"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the company has been ordered to repay the full amount plus interest !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the case against Amazon centred on two subsidiaries incorporated in Luxembourg and controlled by the US parent - Amazon EU group and Amazon Europe Holding Technologies"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the latter was described by the commission as "an empty shell" that had no employees or offices, but was used to bring down the company’s tax bill"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Amazon EU group transferred 90% of its operating profits to the holding company, where they were not taxed"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a result, Amazon paid an effective tax rate in Luxembourg of 7.25%, compared with the national rate of 29%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EU Commission has also ruled unlawful tax deals between Starbucks and the Dutch authorities !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the EU authorities expect to conclude an inquiry into the fast-food chain McDonald’s in the coming weeks !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Juncker questions Barroso's decision to join Goldman Sachs - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the European Commission President - Jean-Claude Juncker - has criticised the controversial decision of his predecessor !!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "José Manuel Barroso, to join the investment bank Goldman Sachs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Juncker said he objected to Barroso’s decision to work for Goldman - because of the US investment bank’s role in the financial crisis !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Goldman Sachs was one of the organisations that knowingly or unknowingly contributed to the financial crisis we had between 2007 and 2009 - so one does wonder about the particular bank he has ended up working for"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Barroso has come under intense pressure since his appointment in July as chairman of Goldman Sachs International, the bank’s UK and European operations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "earlier this week, Juncker launched an unprecedented investigation - into whether Barroso broke EU rules by taking the job ?!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Barroso will not be received in EU institutions as a former president, but as an "interest representative" subject to the same rules as other lobbyists"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "staff from EU bodies have reacted with fury to the appointment, denouncing their former boss’s behaviour as "morally reprehensible""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "an anonymous group of workers launched a petition calling on Barroso to forfeit his pension for bringing the EU into disrepute by joining Goldman Sachs. The petition has been signed by almost 145,000 people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ECB Growth Forecasts - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Mario Draghi announces that QE programme starts, as the ECB raises its growth forecasts for the Eurozone !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the ECB is more optimistic about the Eurozone economy  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the latest staff forecasts show - the Eurozone growing by 1.5% this year !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "then by 1.9% !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


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European Central Bank to pump € 1.1tn into the Eurozone - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the European Central Bank launched a plan - to pump1.1tn into the Eurozone !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the ECB inject60bn of new money into financial markets every month !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the bank will use electronically created money - to buy the bonds of Eurozone governments - quantitative easing !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to boost confidence ! - and drive down the value of the single currency !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "helping to increase exports and kickstart growth  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Euro fell to US$ 1.14 against the dollar after the announcement - its lowest level for 11 years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the € 60bn-a-month price tag for the QE programme was larger than many had expected"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and underlined Draghi’s determination - to hold the 19-member currency zone together  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the € 60bn-a-month total for the QE programme includes the purchase of private sector assets"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to unlock credit markets ! - ( for the "real" economy )"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Draghi: "what monetary policy can do is to create the basis for growth"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but for growth to pick up you need investment !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the ECB had already announced, that it would leave its main interest rate unchanged at 0.05%  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ECB launches negative Interest Rate to boost Eurozone - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the European Central Bank's boss, Mario Draghi, and his colleagues on the governing council"

 

 

 

 

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  • "cut the deposit rate for the region's commercial banks to -0.1% !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the central bank also cut its main interest rate to a new record low of 0.15% ! - from 0.25%"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and announced a400bn package of cheap funding for banks !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the condition it is used - to lend money to companies outside the financial sector !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Draghi: "this is a significant package  ! - are we finished here ? - the answer is: "no""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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what is TTIP ?
- the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "TTIP - transatlantic trade and investment partnership - is a proposed trade agreement between the US and the EU"

 

 

 

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  • "TTIP would most likely benefit many industries - including pharmaceutical, energy, clothing and textiles, and food and drink"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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what’s the problem ?


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  • "TTIP is about reaching behind the barriers and removing the standards and rules big business don’t like dealing with"

 

 

 

 

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  • "like labour standards, environmental standards, food safety standards"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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and then there is the little issue of ISDS:


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  • "ISDS stands for "investor-state dispute settlement""

 

 

 

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  • "this is a key issue with the TTIP proposal; ISDS would allow businesses"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to take legal action against governments"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this means businesses would have more of a say in public policies"

 

 

 

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  • "and may even sue if one country does something to impact profits"

 

 

 

 

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  • "ISDS tribunals would allow businesses to claim compensation not just on lost profits"

 

 

 

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  • "but on potential loss of profits in the future"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that couldn’t be challenged"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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TTIP under Pressure - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "97% of respondents to an official EU survey voted against the TTIP deal"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the newly elected government in Greece has already said it will not approve the pact"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the TTIP Deal would hand our Sovereignty to Multinationals - Owen Jones: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the actual aim of TTIP is to strip away obstacles to large corporations making profits"

 

 

 

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  • "such as regulations that protect our privacy, the environment and food safety"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and TTIP would further open up public services to private companies motivated primarily"

 

 

 

 

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  • "by profit rather than people’s needs"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the key attack on democracy is an element of the treaty called investorstate dispute settlement (ISDS)"

 

 

 

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  • "ISDS in effect would grant multinationals the same legal position as a nation-state itself"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and would allow them to sue sovereign governments in so-called arbitration tribunals"

 

 

 

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  • "on the grounds that their profits are threatened by government policies"

 

 

 

 

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  • "large companies have been agitating for this sort of deal for years"

 

 

 

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  • "corporate chief executives set up the secretive "transatlantic business dialogue" as long ago as 1995"

 

 

 

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  • "to lobby against regulations deemed to impinge on the ability of multinational companies to make profits"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the list of "stakeholders" invited by the European commission to help shape TTIP is a salutary warning"

 

 

 

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  • "about how far the EU, in its current form, is from serving citizens rather than profiteers"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of 130 meetings on the deal, at least 119 were with big corporations or their lobbyists"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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EU under Pressure to allow GM Food from US
- the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "European Union member states are under increasing pressure from North American business groups"

 

 

 

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  • "to open their borders to imports of genetically modified food"

 

 

 

 

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  • "documents from various US and Canadian government agencies and business trade bodies suggest strong pressure is being brought"

 

 

 

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  • "to bear from US industries to allow GM products and other foods into EU markets"

 

 

 

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  • "that would violate the EU’s current standards"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EU had shown itself too willing to give in to such lobbying, despite protestations to the contrary"

 

 

 

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  • "because in a new deal with Canada - outside of the TTIP but related to it"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the two have agreed to have a "shared objective" of minimising the disruption to trade from their different GM rules"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the pact with Canada shows that Europe has willingly made an agreement"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that undermines its own safety regime for genetically modified foods"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "citizens must demand that protecting public safety"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the environment come before the profits of big business"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Google may face US$ 6bn EU anti-Trust Fine - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Google’s anti-trust row with the European commission could turn into a case bigger than the one that cost Microsoft more than € 2.2bn"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in a dramatic change of position, Joaquín Almunia, the EC’s competition commissioner, told the European parliament"

 

 

 

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  • "that unless Google altered its offer to settle complaints, it could face a "statement of objections""

 

 

 

 

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  • "the formal path towards a fine that could equate to 10% of the company’s global revenue, or about US$ 6bn"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Google controls more than 90% of the online search market in Europe"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EC competition group could open an investigation into preferential positioning for Google in its Android operating system"

 

 

 

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  • "which is the most widely used smartphone software in Europe and the rest of the world"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there could be another investigation of the US search firm for "the possible diversion of internet traffic towards Google services which are not search services""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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European Carbon Market Reform
- the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "MEPs vote to strengthen emissions trading scheme by taking 1.6bn surplus credits off the market to boost carbon prices"

 

 

 

 

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  • "reforms to strengthen the EU’s flagship policy for cutting carbon, the emissions trading scheme (ETS), will start at the end of 2018"

 

 

 

 

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  • "free allocations to polluters and over-achievement on green energy targets have created a flood of 2bn allowances"

 

 

 

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  • "that has led to a carbon price of around7 per tonne"

 

 

 

 

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  • "too low to encourage power companies to switch from polluting fuels such as coal"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU agrees to improve Energy Efficiency 30% by 2030 - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the target - to improve efficiency by 30% by 2030"

 

 

 

 

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  • "had been the subject of dispute, as some industries wanted to avoid setting a firm goal"

 

 

 

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  • "but others had been pushing for a tougher target, of 40% energy savings by 2030, and were disappointed"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the move could cut Europe’s reliance on imports of gas and other fossil fuels from states such as Russia"

 

 

 

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  • "currently, the EU spends more than € 400bn a year on imports of fossil fuels"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the commission has calculated that for every 1% in energy savings"

 

 

 

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  • "EU gas imports could be expected to fall by 2.6%"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "however, it is not clear how the new target will be translated into individual legally binding targets for each member state"

 

 

 

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  • "an omission which many green campaigners have said will render it much less effective"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the commission’s own research shows efficiency could also create three-and-a-half million jobs"

 

 

 

 

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  • "while helping tackle climate change"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- Capital: Brussels -EC = European Commission ]


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Greece - US cable - 2010: LINK ¤ 10BERLIN181

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  • "Merkel's government welcomed the decision taken at the EU's informal summit in Brussels"

 

 

 

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  • "not to provide financial assistance to cash-strapped Greece"

 

 

 

 

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  • "German officials believe a bailout is not needed"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that an explicit guarantee for Greece, could weigh on Germany's own good standing in the markets"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Karlheinz Bischofberger, Deputy Head of the Financial Stability Department at the European Central Bank (ECB)":

 

 

 

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  • "the likelihood that the IMF will be asked to bail out Greece is "zero""

 

 

 

 

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  • "the current crisis has revealed an "Achilles heel" of the Eurozone"

 

 

 

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  • "it underlines the necessity of better integration and coordination of member state fiscal policies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU Treaty - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07BRUSSELS2473

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  • "as a result of French pressure, "free and undistorted" competition"

 

 

 

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  • "will not be listed in the new treaty among the objectives of the EU"

 

 

 

 

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  • "however, the mandate states that the single market ensures that competition is not distorted"

 

 

 

 

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  • "this will be confirmed in a treaty protocol"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a protocol has the same legal value and binding character as the treaty itself"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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EU Treaty - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07BRUSSELS2001

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  • implications for the US: "the change in the voting system requires an adjustment in our EU lobbying tactics"

 

 

 

 

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  • power gain for the European Parliament (EP): "a "tearing down" of the pillar system increases the number of areas"

 

 

 

 

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  • "where decisions are made jointly with the EP from 50% of the EU legislation to 95%"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a power gain by the EP leads us to increase our lobbying efforts"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are a number of members (including the bulk of the center-right party)"

 

 

 

 

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  • "who are favorable to our positions"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Charter of Fundamental Rights - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08BRUSSELS397

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  • "the Charter appears like a catalogue drawing from the 1950 European Convention on Human Rights"

 

 

 

 

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  • "not designed to be a legal document, the Charter was given the ambiguous value of a "solemn proclamation""

 

 

 

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  • "as the text did not get the status of community law, cases could not be brought solely on the ground of a breach with it"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Charter does not extend the field of Union competencies"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it establishes no new powers or tasks for the Union"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and it does not amend its powers or its tasks such as they are defined in the Treaties"

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:


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  • "the member states took all precautions to limit the scope of its application"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Barroso's new Commission
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS1616

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  • "EU commission president Barroso's announced line-up of the policy portfolios for the new commission"

 

 

 

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  • "has mostly good implications for US economic policy interests"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Barroso's apportionment of the portfolios strikes us as being generally favorable to US interests"

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:

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  • "some portfolios will probably cause problems for us"

 

 

 

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  • "but in the main the assignments look generally positive for US interests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Structural Funds - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS382

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  • "the ten central European member states that joined the EU since 2004 have the opportunity to avail themselves"

 

 

 

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  • "of 176.6 billion Euros of EU Structural and Cohesion funds"

 

 

 

 

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  • "these funds were established to advance European economic and social cohesion"

 

 

 

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  • "by investing in large-scale development programs for the EU's poorest regions"

 

 

 

 

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  • "35 percent of the EU budget from 2007-2013 is dedicated to these funds"

 

 

 

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  • "which benefit the new member states"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Unemployment - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS915

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  • "EU unemployment data released by the EU statistical office (EUROSTAT)"

 

 

 

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  • "confirmed a broad pattern of deterioration on the EU labor markets"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the aggregate unemployment rate for the EU-27 soared to 8.9 percent"

 

 

 

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  • "unemployment in the euro zone increased to 9.5"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Microsoft
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS1310

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  • "John Vassallo, Microsoft for EU affairs, told that the company"

 

 

 

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  • ""is very close" to concluding an overarching deal with the European commission"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the commission's case against Microsoft's tying of "Internet explorer" to "Windows""

 

 

 

 

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  • "a five-year deal on sharing interoperability information with rival firms"

 

 

 

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  • "and a 10-year agreement to support PDF and other file format compatibility with Microsoft's own file format"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are only a few small issues to resolve over the tying case, to provide"

 

 

 

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  • "within the EU all new Windows computer buyers, and all customers upgrading Windows versions"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a "ballot screen" whereby customers can select from 12 Internet browsers to use as their default browser"

 

 

 

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  • "customers would also be able to deactivate "Internet explorer" completely"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the 11-year battle involved nearly US$ 2.5 billion in commission fines against Microsoft"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Nanotech - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS1720

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  • "the European Parliament (EP) adopted a report that urged the European commission"

 

 

 

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  • "to "completely overhaul" all regulations related to nanomaterials"

 

 

 

 

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  • "treating all nanomaterials as new substances"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and to better take into account the risks associated with nanotechnology"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:


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  • "the time is ripe for increased US engagement, to shape emerging regulations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Climate Change - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07BRUSSELS809

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  • "the European Council endorsed an integrated climate and energy policy"

 

 

 

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  • "in an effort to limit global warming to 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it called for targets to limit CO2 emissions by 20% by 2020"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and to adopt an overall binding goal of 20% of renewable energy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

Climate Change - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BRUSSELS1339

_________________________________________

  • "Nancy Kontou, chief of staff to Environment Commissioner Dimas and Jos Delbeke, deputy director general for Environment"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "expressed concern that US negotiators will not have a legitimate negotiating mandate in Copenhagen"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Chinese and Indians are moving forward. It would be odd if the US"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "were not able to stand up in Copenhagen"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "if the US makes a commitment"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it would be easier for China to say that domestic action will clearly be reflected in an international agreement"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "we need a commitment from the US"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "to get a commitment from developing countries"

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the hope is that the US will go to Copenhagen and say that it is willing to commit to do "X""

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the question is will the US be able to do that ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

JEAN MONET - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ JEAN MONET

_________________________________________

  • "Jean Monnet (1888 - 1979) was a French political economist and diplomat"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "he is regarded by many as a chief architect of European unity and one of the founding fathers of the European Union"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "in 1945 Monnet proposed the "Monnet plan", also known as the "theory of l'engrenage""

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it included taking control of the remaining German coal-producing areas"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and redirecting the production away from the German industry and into the French"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "thus permanently weakening Germany and raising the French economy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "the Ruhr agreement was imposed on the Germans as a condition for permitting them to establish the Federal Republic of Germany"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "it controlled production levels, pricing and the sales markets"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "thus ensuring that France received a considerable portion of the Ruhr coal production at low prices"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "1950 French Minister of Foreign Affairs Robert Schuman made a declaration in the name of the French government"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "this declaration, prepared by Monnet for Schuman"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "proposed integration of the French and German coal and steel industries under joint control"

 

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "a so-called "high authority", open to the other countries of Europe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

EZB erwartet für Eurozone deutlich mehr Wachstum - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

_________________________________________

  • "die Europäische Zentralbank (EZB) beginnt mit dem Aufkauf von zig Milliarden an Staatsanleihen"

 

_________________________________________

  • "pro Monat sollen 60 Milliarden Euro an Wertpapieren aufgekauft werden, um die Konjunktur anzukurbeln"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die EZB hat auch neue, deutlich bessere Prognosen für das Wirtschaftswachstum der Eurozone veröffentlicht"

 

_________________________________________

  • "heuer soll die Eurozone um 1,5 Prozent wachsen"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "das liegt am billigeren Ölpreis, dem schwachen Euro und der offensiven EZB-Politik"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "die Finanzierungsbedingungen für Firmen und Haushalte haben sich beträchtlich verbessert"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "nächstes Jahr soll das Wachstum auf 1,9 Prozent klettern"

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

JEAN MONET - Wikipedia DE:
LINK ¤ JEAN MONET

_________________________________________

  • "Jean Monnet (1888 - 1979) war französischer Unternehmer und der Wegbereiter der europäischen Einigungsbestrebungen"

 

_________________________________________

  • "von 1946 bis 1950 war Monnet erster Leiter des französischen Planungsamtes und plante Modernisierungsprogramme für die französische Wirtschaft"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "er sah mit dem "Monnet-Plan" (1946-1950) ein großes Modernisierungsprogramm für die Wirtschaft Frankreichs"

 

_________________________________________

  • "und einen gewaltigen Ausbau der französischen Stahlkapazität vor"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "dort entwickelte er später die Idee, die westeuropäische Montanindustrie unter Einbeziehung von Deutschland zusammenzuschließen"

 

_________________________________________

  • "am 9. Mai 1950 stellte der französische Außenminister Robert Schuman diese Idee in einer Regierungserklärung der Öffentlichkeit vor"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • Robert Schuman: "in Wahrheit ist dieser Plan (der Schumanplan) die Fortsetzung des Monnetplanes"

 

_________________________________________

  • "allein um den französischen Stahlexport zu erleichtern"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "der zur Gründung der Europäischen Gemeinschaft für Kohle und Stahl (EGKS, Montanunion) führte"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

LUDWIG van BEETHOVEN - Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ BEETHOVEN

_________________________________________

  • "Ludwig van Beethoven was a composer and pianist. He was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music"

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "and remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • the anthem of Europe: "the fourth movement of his "Ninth Symphony" features an elaborate choral"

 

 

 

_________________________________________

  • "setting of Schiller's "Ode to Joy", an hymn championing the brotherhood of humanity"

 

 

______________________________________________________________________________

 




eu cables - 14045EC
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