Climate Change




COP 25 Conference - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "strong public and political pressure will be needed - participants acknowledged !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as these talks were characterised by squabbling - over technical details !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US, Brazil, Australia, and China - are all accused of holding up progress !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there was widespread recognition - that long-term targets are not enough, yet !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the pressure is now on to forge a short-term climate plan - for the next 10 years !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EU comes up with the strongest new plan - finally agreeing a bloc-wide goal of reaching net-zero carbon by 2050 !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and scores of smaller countries - agree similar long-term targets !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and Brazil held up agreement - over a provision allowing governments to trade in carbon credits !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "( that its carbon sinks - mainly forests - should count towards its emissions-cutting goals  ! - while also selling carbon credits derived from preserving forests - to other countries to count towards their emissions targets )"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the other countries say this would be double counting - and would undermine the carbon trading system !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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much of World's Fossil Fuel Reserve must stay buried - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "new research is first to identify - which reserves must not be burned !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "under 1.5 C !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the prospects are bleakest for coal !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "globally - 82% of today’s reserves must be left underground !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "while the prospects for gas are better - 50% of global gas reserves must remain unburned !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "oil has the lowest proportion of unburnable fuel - with a third left unused !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is about three times more fossil fuel in reserves - that can be exploited today !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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IPCC: rapid Carbon Emission Cuts - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the stark UN report states - that there must be rapid carbon emission cuts !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the IPCC reports - there have to be sharply and rapidly carbon emissions cuts !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and are both available - and affordable !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Rajendra Pachauri, Chair of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate - IPCC:"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the solutions are many - and allow for continued economic and human development !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "all we need - is the strong will to change !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is the first IPCC report that states - that it is economically affordable !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that carbon emissions will ultimately have to fall to zero - by 2050 !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Transformation required to a World of clean Energy is affordable - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "transformation required to a world of clean energy !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the ditching of dirty fossil fuels !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "is eminently affordable !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "according to a landmark UN report !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "diverting hundred of billions of dollars from fossil fuels - into renewable energy, and cutting energy waste !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "will shave just 0.06% off - expected annual economic growth rates of 1%-2% !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "its comprehensive analysis finds - rapid action can still limit under 1.5 C !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "along with measures - that cut energy waste !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "renewable energy - such as wind, hydropower and solar - is viewed most favourably !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "( as a result of its falling costs - and large scale deployment  ! )"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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UN Secretary-General - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the scientists find - total emissions cannot exceed 1,000 gigatons of carbon !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "therefore we have to leave fossil fuel reserves - unexploited !!"

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

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  • "Ban Ki-moon, the UN Secretary-General - urges world leaders !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to pay heed to the world's authority - on climate !!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and forge a new, and stronger global deal - on cutting emissions !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we must act now !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 


 

 

 

 

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IPCC Report - Scenario B1



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  • "the B1 scenario family describes - a convergent world, with the same global population !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with rapid change in economic structures - toward a service and information economy !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with reductions in material intensity !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the introduction of clean - and resource-efficient technologies !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the emphasis is on global solutions - to economic, social, and environmental sustainability !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including improved equity !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





 

 

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UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate - IPCC: LINK ¤ IPCC

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  • "the IPCC - the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate - is a scientific intergovernmental body, under the auspices of the United Nations !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the reports cover scientific, technical, and socio-economic information !"

 

 


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