Biofuel





Honey Tests reveal global Contamination by Bee-harming Pesticides - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "neonicotinoid insecticides are found in 75% of global honey samples !!!! - and half contain a cocktail of chemicals"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "contamination rates were highest in North America  !!! - with 86% of samples containing one or more neonicotinoid"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "honey from across the world is contaminated with pesticides known to harm Bees !! - new research shows"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "clearly revealing the global exposure of vital pollinators for the first time"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the samples of honey were analysed for neonicotinoid insecticides - and 75% contained the chemicals !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with most contaminated with multiple types !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Bees range over many kilometres to collect nectar and pollen, making the honey they produce an excellent indicator of the pesticide pollution across their local landscape"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Bees and other pollinators are vital to three-quarters of the world’s food crops !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "destruction of wild habitats, disease and widespread pesticide use are dangers for Honey-Bees"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the new analysis joins a growing number of highly critical reports on pesticides"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including research showing most farmers could slash their pesticide use without losses !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a UN report that denounced the "myth" that pesticides are necessary to feed the world, states"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that the assumption by regulators it is safe to use pesticides at industrial scales across landscapes - is false !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "contamination rates were highest in North America with 86% of samples containing one or more neonicotinoid  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "followed by Asia (80%) and Europe (79%)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was lowest in South America at 57%  ! - almost half the samples contained a cocktail of the insecticides"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""the striking finding is that 75% of our samples had measurable quantities," said Prof Edward Mitchell at the University of Neuchâtel"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • “that was surprising to us, since our coverage included many remote areas, including oceanic islands"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • “if you look at the minimum concentration for which a significant negative impact on Bees has been found"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "then 48% of our samples exceed this level !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "these impacts include damage to learning, behaviour and colony success"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in June, the largest-ever field trial showed that neonicotinoids damage the survival of Honeybee colonies, as well as harming wild Bees"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and suggested a toxic "cocktail effect" from multiple pesticides !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Prof Dave Goulson at the University of Sussex, UK: "it is high time that we developed a global regulatory system for pesticides !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in 2014, a global assessment of neonicotinoids concluded that their widespread use"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "was putting the global food production system at risk !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the consequences are far reaching and cannot be ignored any longer"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Jean-Marc Bonmatin, at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Orléans, France, and one of the assessment team:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the use of these pesticides runs contrary to environmentally sustainable agricultural practices !!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it provides no real benefit to farmers, decreases soil quality !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "hurts biodiversity and contaminates water, air and food !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is no longer any reason to continue down this path of destruction !!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "three neonicotinoids were banned from use on flowering crops in the EEU in 2013  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the European Commission has drafted new regulations that would ban these pesticides from all fields !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is growing momentum in support of a new global solution !!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to ensure that high standards of protection for the environment, and people are applied !!!!!! - everywhere !!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

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US Trade - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07BRASILIA362

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  • "US under secretary Burns said the United States"

 

 

 

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  • "wants a big expansion in the biofuels market"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and would like to work with Brazil"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to create a large, global biofuels market"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US Trade - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06BRASILIA2233

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  • "US ambassador and US agricultural and economic counselors met with Brazil's Agriculture Minister Luis Pinto Guedes"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the discussion centered on Brazil's rapid rise as a world agricultural export power"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US' interest in restoring"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US access to Brazil's cattle and beef markets"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "approval of GMO products (genetically modified organism)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and biofuels"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Biofuels - US cable - 2006: LINK ¤ 06RIODEJANEIRO445

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  • "oil and gas companies"

 

 

 

 

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  • "notably Shell and Petrobras"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "are embracing bio-fuels"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as part of a diversified energy product mix"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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France questions Biofuels - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07PARIS4432

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  • "President Sarkozy said that in France"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the development of biofuels will be reassessed"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he targeted the first generation biofuels (produced from food and feed crops)"

 

 

 

 

 

 


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  • "the French Energy and Environment Agency (ADEME) will be tasked with assessing"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the ecological impact of biofuel production from food and feed crops"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "French environmental associations and consumers organizations"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "have been very critical of the French biofuel program"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Biofuels Study - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09VIENNA903

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  • "study on biofuels and food security"

 

 

 

 

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  • "commissioned by the Vienna-based OPEC - fund for international development (OFID)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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further increasing first-generation biofuels production would:






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  • "exacerbate hunger, and increase food prices"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "increase competition for arable land, and fueling deforestation"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "threaten biodiversity, and have minimal impact on greenhouse gas emissions"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the study finds that first-generation biofuels harm food security"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the developing world"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "promote deforestation and habitat loss"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and won't deliver significant greenhouse gas mitigation"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Agro-Fuels - Eric Holt-Giménez: LINK ¤ FOOD FIRST

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  • "biofuels are scheduled to provide 5.75% of Europe’s transport fuel"

 

 

 

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  • "and 10 percent by 2020"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the United States aims at 35 billion gallons a year"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "these targets far exceed the agricultural capacities of the industrial North"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Europe would need to plant 70% of its farmland to fuel"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "converting the bulk of their arable land to fuel crops would wreak havoc with the North’s food systems"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the US’s entire corn and soy harvest would need to be processed as ethanol and bio-diesel"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Brazil the fuel crop acreage already occupies a land area the size"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and Great Britain combined"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "when the full "life cycle" of agro-fuels is considered - from land clearing to automotive consumption"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the moderate emission savings are undone by far greater emissions from deforestation, burning, peat drainage, cultivation, and soil carbon losses"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "every ton of palm oil produced"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "results in 33 tons of carbon dioxide emissions"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "10 times more than petroleum"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Sprit vom Acker - Eric Holt-Giménez: LINK ¤ LE MONDE DIPLOMATIQUE

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  • "Biofuels sollen in Europa 5,75 Prozent des Bedarfs an Transportkraftstoffen decken"

 

 

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  • "2020 sollen es bereits 10 Prozent sein"

 

 

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  • "die Vereinigten Staaten streben einen Absatz von 35 Milliarden Gallonen an"

 

 

 

 

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  • "diese Ziele sind mit Hilfe der landwirtschaftlichen Kapazitäten des Nordens völlig unerreichbar"

 

 

 

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  • "Europa müsste 70 Prozent seines Ackerlandes"

 

 

 

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  • "für die Produktion von Biokraftstoffen nutzen"

 

 

 

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  • "und die USA müssten ihre gesamte Mais- und Sojaproduktion zu Ethanol und Biodiesel verarbeiten"

 

 

 

 

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  • "einen Großteil des landwirtschaftlich nutzbaren Landes zur Herstellung von Biokraftstoffen zu verwenden"

 

 

 

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  • "hätte verheerende Folgen für die Nahrungsmittelsysteme des Nordens"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Brasilien beansprucht der Anbau von Kraftstoffpflanzen bereits"

 

 

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  • "eine Fläche von der Größe der Niederlande, Belgiens, Luxemburgs und Großbritanniens zusammen"

 

 

 

 

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  • "wenn man den gesamten "Lebenszyklus" von Biokraftstoffen betrachtet - von der Rodung bis zum Autotank"

 

 

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  • "werden die moderaten Emissionsverringerungen mehr als aufgewogen"

 

 

 

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  • "die Herstellung jeder Tonne Palmöl"

 

 

 

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  • "geht mit 33 Tonnen Kohlendioxidemissionen einher"

 

 

 

 

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  • "das ist zehnmal mehr als bei einer Tonne Rohöl"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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BIOFUEL
- Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ BIOFUEL

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