Biotech




aggressive Lobbying by US Officials
- the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "American diplomats lobbied aggressively"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to promote genetically modified food crops (GM) such as soy beans"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the review of more than 900 US diplomatic cables by "Food and Water Watch" showed"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a carefully crafted campaign"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to break down resistance to GM products in Europe and other countries"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and so help promote the bottom line of big American agricultural businesses"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the cables described a series of separate public relations strategies"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "unrolled at dozens of press junkets and biotech conferences"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "aimed at convincing scientists, media, industry"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "farmers, elected officials and others of GM products"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the public relations effort unrolled by the US state department also ventured into legal terrain"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US officials opposed GM food labelling laws"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as well as rules blocking the import of GM foods"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "7% of the cables mentioned specific companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "6% mentioned Monsanto"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Monsanto - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08PARIS614

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  • "Europe's public TV channel ARTE broadcasted a film"

 

 

 

 

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  • "entitled the world according to Monsanto"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the film characterizes US government actions"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as lacking ethical and scientific integrity"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that political rather than scientific decisions"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "have been made to authorize biotech products in the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and, that a revolving door between Monsanto and the US government"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "has influenced the US biotech regulatory system"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "FDA decided (US food administration) that transgenes belonged to the GRAS category"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "generally recognized as safe"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "exempting them from toxicological tests before market release"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this was a way for biotech companies"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to rapidly commercialize their products"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with the least governmental interference"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the substantial equivalence principle"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "had no scientific background"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and was created to avoid treating GMOs as food additives"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "allowing biotech companies to proceed without toxicological tests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and without labeling"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "US biotech regulation was initiated in 1992 when the FDA published a statement"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "stipulating that the same regulations apply to food products"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "derived from GM and conventional plants"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • James Maryanski, formerly of the FDA: "this was based on political expedience"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "rather than scientific justification"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Monsanto exerted undue influence on the US"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • former Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman: "he had felt that he was under pressure"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "more tests should have been conducted"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on biotech products before they were approved"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Jeffrey Smith, Director, Institute for Responsible Technology:

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a number of Bush administration officers were close to Monsanto"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "either having obtained campaign contributions from the company or having worked directly for it: John Ashcroft, Tommy Thompson, Ann Veneman, Donald Rumsfeld"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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comment US:



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  • "a number of key players, including biotech allies who have seen the film"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "have questioned"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "how much of this is true"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Monsanto in Brazil - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05BRASILIA3026

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  • "Monsanto company executives felt"

 

 

 

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  • "that prospects for long-term expansion outweighed short term difficulties on biotech"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Monsanto would be disposed to pour billons into the country"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "company executives declared that soybean and cotton seed"

 

 

 

 

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  • "would be just a drop in the bucket"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Brazil, they said, is the next great agricultural frontier"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and with China's demand for food imports only likely to increase"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the company could help the country become"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a long-term supplier of agricultural commodities to Beijing"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US Trade
- US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07STATE150199

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  • "US under secretary economy Reuben Jeffery underscored"

 

 

 

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  • "the importance of market access in France"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of US genetically engineered products (GE)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "French farmers sow 22,000 hectares with a Monsanto biotech variety"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a ban or moratorium would cost the US$ 30-50 million in exports"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "market access for US products is very important for our industry"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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US Trade - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07PARIS4723

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  • "US embassy in Paris recommends"

 

 

 

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  • "that the US reinforce our negotiating position"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with the EU on agricultural biotechnology"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in our view, Europe is moving backwards"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "moving to retaliation will make clear"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that the current path has real costs to EU interests"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "our contacts have noted that the member states have been unwilling to support"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the EU Commission on sanctioning Austria's national ban"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "we recommend that we calibrate a target retaliation list"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that causes some pain across the EU"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Monsanto | Syngenta | DuPont Pioneer | BASF Plant Science | Bayer CropScience


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Biotech
- Source Watch:
LINK ¤ SOURCE WATCH

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  • "scientists at the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) consistently described the newly introduced gene-spliced foods"

 

 

 

 

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  • "as cause for concern"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in addition to their potential to produce hard-to-detect allergies and nutritional problems, the scientists said"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that the possibility of unexpected, accidental changes in genetically engineered plants"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "might produce unexpected high concentrations of plant toxicants"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "GM crops might have increased levels of known naturally occurring toxins"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "appearance of new, not previously identified toxins"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and an increased tendency to gather toxic substances from the environment"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "such as pesticides or heavy metals"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they recommend testing every GM food (genetically modified food)"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "before it enters the marketplace"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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BIOTECHNOLOGY
- Wikipedia EN:
LINK ¤ BIOTECHNOLOGY

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  • "biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop, to make or to modify products"
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biotechnology - 1111GMO
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