Colombia





Colombia Report - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "the culture of Colombia reflects the indigenous Indian - Spanish - and African origins of its people !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it has a variety of ethnic groups - including a minority of indigenous people - such as the Inga !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the past the Colombian government - was allied with the US !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there had been tensions - with human rights violations !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "between the army - cartels - and the Farc !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "these tensions are now reduced - also through agreements !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Colombia has different - natural regions !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and some natural resources - but families of Spanish descent had benefited more !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "than the majority - mixed-race population !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there should be more - social justice !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Uribe on FTA - US cable - 2005: LINK ¤ 05BOGOTA9232

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  • "Álvaro Uribe stated that he was willing - to pay the "political cost"  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to conclude the FTA negotiations - US "free trade" agreement !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Trade Confederations - US cable - 2006:
LINK ¤ 06BOGOTA10236

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  • "the Labor Leaders from CUT - Central Union of Workers - Carlos Rodriguez !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "CTC Apicedes Fernandez - and CGT William Millan - said about a possible FTA !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the labor conditions in Colombia were not good - and a FTA would worsen them !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "75 percent of Colombian workers - had been employed under - "precarious" means !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "which meant subcontracting - associated cooperatives - or temporary contracts !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a FTA would worsen - the labor conditions !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in many - sectors !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "agriculture - specifically sugar - and agro-industry - would be most negatively impacted !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "( due to the - technological gap ! )"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there had been an "opening" - of Colombia's economy - in the 1990s !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "that had only some - brought benefits !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in order to compete - in such a market environment !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the economy would have to export the surplus - of its domestic consumption !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but Colombia did not enjoy - such a surplus !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Colombia's economy has to benefit - its workers !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but employment rates - had declined !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "economic growth must not be directed - to Colombia's most wealthy !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Letter to the US Congress - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07BOGOTA790

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  • "open letter to the US Congress - from trade confederations - and pensioner's groups !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "given the asymmetry - between the two economies !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "fair commercial exchange - is impossible - between them !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "domestic companies in Colombia - would have to lower their labor - and tax costs !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that would result in an increase - in poverty !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a decrease in tax revenues - and the state's ability to meet its - social obligations !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in Colombia labor legislation - before had been modified for the worse !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "workers must have rights - to organize unions !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and to negotiate labor conditions - collectively !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in addition - irregular forms of contracting - must be reduced !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "such as temporary work agencies - workers' cooperatives - and commercial contracts !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a FTA would not stop - these labor practices !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but would undermine the few rights - left in Colombia !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as an example of that direction - Álvaro Uribe had ordered a decree !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to liquidate the state-run Social Security Institute - ISS !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "which administers workers' health - pension - and insurance programs !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "this situation would worsen due to price increases - in medical procedures - and medicine !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "as a consequence of the FTA's provisions - on intellectual property rights !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the mission from the World Bank to Colombia - had recommended eliminating the minimum wage !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "trade should be conducted - within a spirit of respect - for a country's sovereignty !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "mutual benefit - and the promotion of productive - and sustainable development !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 



 

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  • "aspects - that the FTA did not contain !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Uribe disavows third Term - US cable - 2007:
LINK ¤ 07BOGOTA8478

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  • "public debate continued over whether - Álvaro Uribe would seek a third term ?!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Álvaro Uribe publicly said - that he will not run again !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "noting that this would take away - from the essence of democracy !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Bribery in Uribe's Election - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08BOGOTA1705

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  • "former Representative Yidis Medina plead guilty - to charges that the Colombian government - bribed her !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to approve the constitutional change - that allowed Álvaro Uribe's first reelection !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "she accused Social Protection Minister Palacio - Prosecutor General Iguaran !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and former Interior Minister Pretelt - of providing her jobs - and cash !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "she had receipts for US$ 100,000 - in illegal payments !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Indigenous and Uribe fail to meet - US cable - 2008:
LINK ¤ 08BOGOTA3928

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  • "National Indigenous Organization - ONIC - President Luis Fernando Arias !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "convoked over 12,000 indigenous from Cauca - to participate in an eight-day march - from Popayan to Cali !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the march gained steam - as more supporters joined in !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and the list of demands grew beyond - the initial land complaints - of northern Cauca !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they called for the Colombian government - to comply with land restitution agreements !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "reject the US-Colombia - trade promotion agreement !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "repeal the mining and water laws - sign the UN Declaration on the Rights of the Indigenous !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and put an end to - "Plan Colombia"  !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Social Protests - US cable - 2008: LINK ¤ 08BOGOTA3966

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  • "social protests in Colombia - are on the rise !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "recent judicial - trucker - and sugar cane worker strikes - and indigenous protests !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "culminated in a 500,000-person - national solidarity strike - in 21 cities !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Centro de Investigacion y Educacion Popular - CINEP - researcher said !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "data shows a steady increase in social protests - during Uribe's tenure !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they demand - less inequality !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and more - social justice !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Inequality - US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BOGOTA2805

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  • "46 percent of Colombians - had lived below the poverty line !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "DNP Director Esteban Piedrahita noted - that Colombia's inequality !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "was among the highest - in Latin America !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Colombia's Gini coefficient - where 0 means absolute equality - and 1 means absolute inequality !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "was - 0.59 !"

 

 


 

 

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  • "( compared to the US - 0.46 ! ) - ( Canada - 0.32 ! ) - ( France - 0.30 ! ) - ( Sweden - 0.24 ! )"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Spying Scandal
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BOGOTA569

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  • "leading news magazine "Semana" had reported - that the Department of Administrative Security - DAS !"

 

 

 

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  • "continued to intercept - phone calls - and emails !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of Colombian - domestic politicians !"

 

 

 

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  • "despite a similar scandal in 2008 - that had brought down the DAS director !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the list of those illegally monitored - had included Supreme Court justices !"

 

 

 

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  • "federal prosecutors - journalists !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and both opposition - and Uribista politicians !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Spying Scandal deepens - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BOGOTA1412

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  • "the DAS had had a unit - dedicated to Colombian domestic spying !"

 

 

 

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  • "high-ranking DAS officials - had met with Uribe advisors Bernardo Moreno !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and Jose Obdulio Gaviria - discussed sensitive cases !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "besides numerous groups - leftist groups - and politicians !"

 

 

 

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  • "the G-3 also had collected information - on Supreme and Constitutional Court magistrates !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Colombian army officials - and their relatives !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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illegal DAS Surveillance - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BOGOTA2016

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  • "a preliminary Prosecutor General Office report - had confirmed media claims !"

 

 

 

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  • "of spying on human rights groups - journalists - and politicians !"

 

 

 

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  • "in Colombia - by the Department of Administrative Security - DAS !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "investigators had found evidence - that the DAS had set up a secret unit !"

 

 

 

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  • "dedicated to spying - on Colombian domestic opponents !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "surveillance had included - physical monitoring of individuals - and their families !"

 

 

 

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  • "phone and email intercepts - and collection of financial data !"

 

 


 

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  • "the unit appeared to have also taken - active measures - to disrupt events !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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DAS once again embroiled in Spying Scandal - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BOGOTA2921

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  • "the Department of Administrative Security - DAS - had still been illegally intercepting !"

 

 

 

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  • "phone calls of Colombian Supreme Court magistrates - politicians - and journalists !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "despite an intensive investigation - of the DAS by the CTI !"

 

 

 

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  • "in the wake of numerous - spying scandals !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "it had been illegally monitoring congressional representatives - for example on the reelection referendum bill !"

 


 

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  • "DAS had not stopped activities - the information was based on six sources - working inside DAS !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Human Rights Group - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BOGOTA2958

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  • "the prominent Colombian human rights NGO - the Colombian Commission of Jurists - CCJ !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

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  • "Director Gustavo Gallon told - that he had been one of the principal targets !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of the Administrative Department of Security's - DAS - illegal surveillance !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the spying had included compiling information - and constant surveillance !"

 

 

 

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  • "of him - and his family - and renting an apartment near his home !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there even had been lengthy reporting - on his comments - at public conferences !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Gallon called it - "offensive intelligence"  !"

 

 

 

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  • "the decision for it could only be made - "at a higher level"  !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "but the problem had extended - beyond Colombian DAS !"

 

 

 

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  • "this illegitimate intelligence collection - had been illegally used - in judicial cases !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and by other - intelligence agencies !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "this politically motivated intelligence - had been shared - with other countries !"

 

 

 

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  • "e.g. should have prevented - certain defenders before international courts !"

 

 

 

 

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  • "from access - to foreign visas !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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COLOMBIA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ COLOMBIA

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COLOMBIA - Wikipedia ES: LINK ¤ COLOMBIA
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Colombia - Map:
LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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