Australia



Australia Report - BBC: LINK ¤ B B C

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  • "the sixth-largest country in the world by land mass, its comparatively small population is concentrated in the highly-urbanised east of the Australian continent"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Aboriginal Australians, who had inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years prior to British colonisation"

 

 

 

 

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  • "numbered a few hundred thousand"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "two centuries of discrimination and expropriation cut their population drastically"

 

 

 

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  • "and now they make up less than 3% of Australia's approximately 23 million people"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the government formally apologised in 2008 for the past wrongs committed against the indigenous Australians"

 

 

 

 

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  • "who still suffer from high rates of unemployment"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the island continent combines a wide variety of landscapes. These include deserts in the interior, hills and mountains"

 

 

 

 

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  • "tropical rainforests, and densely-populated coastal strips with long beaches and coral reefs off the shoreline"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Capital: Canberra
- [ GoA = Government of Australia ]



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Carbon Pricing in Australia - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ CARBON TAX

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  • "the carbon pricing scheme in Australia, commonly referred to as the "Carbon tax""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "was introduced by the Social Democratic Gillard Government and became effective on 1 July 2012"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the scheme required entities which emit over 25,000 tonnes per year of Carbon dioxide equivalent greenhouse gases"

 

 

 

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  • "and which were not in the transport or agriculture sectors"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to obtain emissions permits"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there were 260 liable entities in June 2013"

 

 

 

 

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  • "approximately 185 discrete companies paid the carbon tax in 2013"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the pricing was part of a broad energy reform package called the "Clean Energy Plan""

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Australia by 5%"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "below 2000 levels by 2020 and 80% below 2000 levels by 2050"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the plan set out to achieve these targets by encouraging Australia's largest emitters to increase energy efficiency and invest in sustainable energy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "initially the price of a permit for one tonne of carbon was fixed at US$ 23 for the 2012-13 financial year"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the fixed price rose to US$ 24.15 for 2013-14"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Government announced a transition to an emissions trading scheme in 2014-15, where the available permits will be limited in line with a pollution cap"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the scheme primarily applied to electricity generators and industrial sectors"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "emissions from sectors subject to the pricing mechanism were 1.0% lower nine months after the introduction of the pricing scheme"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Australia's emissions of carbon dioxide from electricity generation had fallen to a 10-year low"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with coal generation down 11% from 2008 to 2009"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "heading into the 2013 Australian federal election, the - conservative - Liberal party"

 

 

 

 

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  • "developed a campaign platform that included removing the carbon tax"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the carbon tax was repealed by the Australian Senate on 17 July 2014"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Julia Gillard predicts Return of Carbon Pricing and Mining Tax - ABC News: LINK ¤ ABC NEWS

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  • "former Labor Prime Minister Julia Gillard has predicted"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Australia's carbon pricing and mining tax will eventually return"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "many of her Government's policies, which have now been abolished by the coalition, will one day be reintroduced"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Ms. Gillard compared the mining and carbon taxes with Gough Whitlam's introduction"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of Medibank (now Medicare) in the 1970s"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Medibank completely contested by the conservative side of politics with the Liberal party saying it'll destroy Australia as we know it and no one will ever go and be a doctor again"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they've swept away carbon pricing and the minerals resource rent tax"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but good reforms often take more than one go around and they'll be back"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



 

 

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AUSTRALIA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ AUSTRALIA

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  • "Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent"

 

 

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  • "the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area"

 

 

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  • "neighbouring countries include Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east"

 

 

 

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  • Population: 23.8 million

 

 

 

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Australia - Map: LINK ¤ WIKIMEDIA
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australia - 1401AU
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