National Security Agency



Boundless Informant
- the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the National Security Agency has developed a powerful tool"

 

 

 

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  • "for recording and analysing where its intelligence comes from"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "top-secret documents about the NSA datamining tool"

 

 

 

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  • "called Boundless Informant"

 

 

 

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  • "details and even maps by country"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the voluminous amount of information it collects from computer and telephone networks"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Boundless Informant documents show the agency collecting almost 3 billion pieces"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of intelligence from US computer networks over a 30-day period"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at a hearing of the Senate intelligence committee In March this year"

 

 

 

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  • "Democratic senator Ron Wyden asked James Clapper, the director of national intelligence:"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "does the NSA collect any type of data at all on millions or hundreds of millions of Americans ?"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "no sir"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "replied Clapper"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the intelligence community has stated repeatedly that it is not possible"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to provide even a rough estimate"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of how many American communications have been collected under the Fisa Amendments Act"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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the Whistleblower behind the NSA Surveillance Revelations - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the individual responsible for one of the most significant leaks in US political history"

 

 

 

 

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  • "is Edward Snowden"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a 29-year-old former technical assistant for the CIA and current employee of the defence contractor Booz Allen Hamilton"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Snowden has been working at the National Security Agency"

 

 

 

 

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  • "for the last four years as an employee of various outside contractors, including Booz Allen and Dell"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I really want the focus to be on these documents and the debate which I hope this will trigger among citizens around the globe"

 

 

 

 

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  • "my sole motive is to inform the public as to that which is done in their name"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and that which is done against them"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he has had a very comfortable life that included a salary of roughly US$ 200,000"

 

 

 

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  • "a girlfriend with whom he shared a home in Hawaii, a stable career, and a family he loves"

 

 

 

 

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  • "I'm willing to sacrifice all of that"

 

 

 

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  • "because I can't in good conscience allow the US government to destroy privacy, internet freedom and basic liberties for people around the world"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "with this massive surveillance machine they're secretly building"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "2007, the CIA stationed him with diplomatic cover in Geneva, Switzerland"

 

 

 

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  • "he described as formative an incident in which he claimed CIA operatives were attempting to recruit a Swiss banker to obtain secret banking information"

 

 

 

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  • "Snowden said they achieved this by purposely getting the banker drunk and encouraging him to drive home in his car"

 

 

 

 

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  • "when the banker was arrested for drunk driving, the undercover agent seeking to befriend him offered to help, and a bond was formed that led to successful recruitment"

 

 

 

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  • ""much of what I saw in Geneva really disillusioned me about how my government functions and what its impact is in the world"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I realised that I was part of something that was doing far more harm than good"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "once he reached the conclusion that the NSA's surveillance net would soon be irrevocable, he said it was just a matter of time before he chose to act"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "what they're doing poses an existential threat to democracy"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "there is no public oversight"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he is quiet, smart, easy-going and self-effacing"

 

 

 

 

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  • "a master on computers, he seemed happiest when talking about the technical side of surveillance, at a level of detail comprehensible probably only to fellow communication specialists"

 

 

 

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  • "but he showed intense passion when talking about the value of privacy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and how he felt it was being steadily eroded by the behaviour of the intelligence services"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I carefully evaluated every single document I disclosed to ensure that each was legitimately in the public interest"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there are all sorts of documents that would have made a big impact that I didn't turn over, because harming people isn't my goal"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "transparency is"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Edward Snowden, NSA Whistleblower - the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the NSA has built an infrastructure that allows it to intercept almost everything"

 

 

 

 

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  • "with this capability"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the vast majority of human communications are automatically ingested without targeting"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "if I wanted to see your emails or your wife's phone, all I have to do is use intercepts. I can get your emails, passwords, phone records, credit cards"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I don't want to live in a society that does these sort of things"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "I do not want to live in a world where everything I do and say is recorded. That is not something I am willing to support or live under"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Question: "is it possible to put security in place to protect against state surveillance ?"





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  • "you are not even aware of what is possible"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the extent of their capabilities is horrifying. We can plant bugs in machines"

 

 

 

 

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  • "once you go on the network, I can identify your machine. You will never be safe whatever protections you put in place"

 

 

 

 

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Question: "Washington-based foreign affairs analyst Steve Clemons said he overheard at the capital's Dulles airport four men discussing an intelligence conference they had just attended"

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"speaking about the leaks, one of them said, that both the reporter and leaker should be "disappeared""




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  • "someone responding to the story said "real spies do not speak like that""

 

 

 

 

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  • "well, I am a spy and that is how they talk"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "whenever we had a debate in the office on how to handle crimes, they do not defend due process - they defend decisive action"

 

 

 

 

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  • "they say it is better to kick someone out of a plane than let these people have a day in court"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it is an authoritarian mindset in general"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Booz Allen Hamilton - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Booz Allen Hamilton, Edward Snowden's employer"

 

 

 

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  • "is one of America's biggest security contractors"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and a significant part of the constantly revolving door between the US intelligence establishment and the private sector"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the current of director of national intelligence (DNI), James Clapper, who issued a stinging attack on the intelligence leaks"

 

 

 

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  • "is a former Booz Allen executive"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Snowden's decision to reveal his identity as a computer systems administrator for Booz Allen Hamilton"

 

 

 

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  • "raises significant image problems for the US$ 6 bn company and its 25,000-strong staff"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the company marketing is heavily oriented towards handling its client computer systems needs"

 

 

 

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  • "under the heading "improving public safety with analytics", it offers expertise in helping cope with large amount of collected data"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Washington Post estimated that about a third of Americans with top secret security clearances"

 

 

 

 

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  • "are private contractors"

 

 

 

 

 

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Director of National Intelligence - James Clapper - the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "in unbroadcast elements of a transcript issued by NBC, the director of National Intelligence, James Clapper, said"

 

 

 

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  • "he had responded in the "least untruthful manner" possible"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "when denying that the NSA collected data on millions of Americans during congressional hearings"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Key Players and Programmes in the NSA - the Guardian:
LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN


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Verizon:


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  • "the US National Security Agency (NSA) has been empowered by a secret order issued by the foreign intelligence court"

 

 

 

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  • "directing Verizon Communications, a mobile phone provider with 98.9 million wireless customers"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to turn over all its call records for a three-month period"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the data collection of mobile phone records extends to AT&T (107 million users) and Sprint (55 million)"

 

 

 

 

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Prism:


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  • "internal NSA documents claim the top secret data-mining programme gives the US government access to a vast quantity of emails, chat logs and other data"

 

 

 

 

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  • "directly from the servers of nine internet companies"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "these include Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Yahoo, AOL and Apple"

 

 

 

 

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  • "Prism surveillance can include the content of communications"

 

 

 

 

 

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Boundless Informant:


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  • "Prism is involved in the collection of data, but Boundless Informant organises and indexes metadata"

 

 

 

 

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  • "the tool categorises communications records rather than the content of a message itself"

 

 

 

 

 

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what is the fundamental issue here ?



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  • "for many observers the key question is the exposure"

 

 

 

 

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  • "of a troubling imbalance between security and privacy"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "against a background of rapid technological change"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that now permits clandestine surveillance on a massive and Orwellian scale"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "legal safeguards and political oversight appear to be lagging behind"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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NSA - NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY

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  • "NSA's eavesdropping mission includes radio broadcasting, both from various organizations and individuals"

 

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  • "the Internet, telephone calls, and other intercepted forms of communication"

 

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  • "every day, collection systems at the National Security Agency intercept and store 1.7 billion e-mails, phone calls and other types of communications"

 

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  • Echelon: "its capabilities are suspected to include the ability to monitor a large proportion of the world's transmitted civilian telephone, fax and data traffic"

 

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  • "including its use for motives other than its national security, including political and industrial espionage"

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Quelle der PRISM-Enthüllungen - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "ein 29-jähriger Techniker ist die Quelle der jüngsten Enthüllungen über die massive Daten-Sammlung des US-Geheimdiensts bei amerikanischen Internet-Diensten"

 

 

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  • "der junge Mann namens Edward Snowden"

 

 

 

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  • "war die vergangenen vier Jahre als Mitarbeiter anderer Unternehmen in dem US-Geheimdienst NSA tätig"

 

 

 

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  • ""sie haben keine Ahnung, was alles möglich ist", sagte er über die Spionage-Möglichkeiten der NSA-Systeme"

 

 

 

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  • "ich will nicht in einer Gesellschaft leben, die so etwas macht"

 

 

 

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  • "ich will nicht in einer Welt leben, in der alles was ich mache und sage aufgenommen wird"

 

 

 

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  • "er beschreibt eine noch größere Dimension der Datensammlung als die von ihm enthüllten Dokumente andeuten:"

 

 

 

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  • "die NSA hat eine Infrastruktur aufgebaut, die ihr erlaubt, fast alles abzufangen"

 

 

 

 

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  • "damit wird der Großteil der menschlichen Kommunikation automatisch aufgesaugt"

 

 

 

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  • "wenn ich in ihre E-Mails oder in das Telefon ihrer Frau hineinsehen wollte, müsste ich nur die abgefangenen Daten aufrufen"

 

 

 

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  • "ich kann ihre E-Mails, Passwörter, Gesprächsdaten, Kreditkarteninformationen bekommen"

 

 

 

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Edward und Goliath
- der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "die Geschichten, die Snowden erzählt, könnten direkt aus einem Spionage-Roman von John Le Carre stammen"

 

 

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  • "da ist zum Beispiel die prägende Episode aus seiner CIA-Zeit in der Schweiz um 2007"

 

 

 

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  • "ein Geheimdienstler ermutigt einen Banker, der zur Kooperation überredet werden soll, betrunken Auto zu fahren"

 

 

 

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  • "nachdem der Bankmanager von der Polizei erwischt wird, hilft ihm der CIA-Mann. Schon ist ein besonderer Draht entstanden, der Bankier wird schließlich angeworben"

 

 

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  • "solche Erlebnisse haben ihn desillusioniert, sagt Snowden"

 

 

 

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Booz Allen Hamilton
- der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "mit der Aufdeckung des Ausmaßes der Telefon- und Internetüberwachung der US-Geheimdienste ist auch ein Privatunternehmen ins Rampenlicht gerückt: "Booz Allen Hamilton""

 

 

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  • "Booz Allen Hamilton ist durch US-Regierungsaufträge groß geworden: 99 Prozent des Umsatzes kommen vom Staat"

 

 

 

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  • "heute arbeiten wir für alle wichtigen Behörden der US-Regierung"

 

 

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  • "im vergangenen Jahr nahm die Firma 5,8 Milliarden Dollar ein"

 

 

 

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  • "für Booz Allen Hamilton arbeiten rund 25.000 Menschen"

 

 

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  • "fast alle haben die Sicherheitschecks der Regierung durchlaufen, jeder zweite darf sogar an "Top Secret"-Projekten mitarbeiten"

 

 

 

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Volker Birk vom Chaos Computer Club - der Standard:
LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "wenn man genau zuhört, was die US-Regierung sagt, so bestätigt sie ja die Darstellung des "Guardian" - auch wenn sie ihre Motivation für das Vorgehen rechtfertigt"

 

 

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  • "dabei hat der "Guardian" zur Motivation auch nur die richtigen Fragen gestellt - auch beim Vorgänger Echelon gibt es ja die Diskussion über Industriespionage"

 

 

 

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  • "wenn man Milliarden investiert, wie beispielsweise in das neue Datacenter in Utah"

 

 

 

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  • "dann muss sich das doch rechnen"

 

 

 

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der Standard: "ist es legitim, dass die US-Regierung BürgerInnen anderer Staaten überwacht ?"





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  • "legitim ist gar nichts davon, aber es wird immer mehr legal"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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NSA - Wikipedia DE: LINK ¤ N S A

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  • "die NSA hat den Auftrag, die weltweite Telekommunikation aller Art zu überwachen"

 

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  • "und nach nachrichtendienstlich verwertbaren Informationen zu filtern, diese zu identifizieren, zu sichern, zu analysieren und auszuwerten"

 

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Zahlen und Fakten:

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  • "Mitarbeiter: 38.000"

 

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  • "Gebäude: 50 mit einer Gesamtbürofläche von 200 ha"

 

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  • "Parkplätze: 48.000"

 

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  • "Stromverbrauch: 409 GWh/Jahr"
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