China Human Rights




Liu Xiaobo Obituary - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "Liu Xiaobo, author and Nobel peace laureate - born 28 December 1955"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Chinese writer and political prisoner, who won the Nobel peace prize in 2010 - has died on 13 July 2017, aged 61 of cancer !!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was China’s decision to jail Liu Xiaobo for 11 years, over a call for peaceful democratic reform !!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that spurred the Norwegian Nobel committee to honour him with its peace prize in 2010 !!! - and propelled him to international renown"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Liu dedicated his Nobel prize to the martyrs of Tiananmen Square !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the events of 1989 were the turning point in Liu’s life - but the transformation was very internal too  !"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Liu was born in Changchun, Jilin, in north-east China, into an intellectual family. From his youth Liu struck an independent course"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "after studying Chinese literature at Jilin University, he began an MA in 1982 at Beijing Normal University, where he stayed on as a lecturer"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "his keen intelligence and razor tongue soon established his reputation: hundreds watched his dissertation defence"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "while students from other universities packed out his electrifying lectures"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Liu’s ideals were justice and human rights !!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "as co-founder and director of the Independent Chinese PEN centre, Liu showed a talent for dialogue and compromise"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "in 2008 he helped to draft and gather support for the "Charter 08"  !!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "19 civil rights of freedom !!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a bold call for peaceful political reform !!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "from democracy, to human rights, to social rights, environmental protection, to equality !!!!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "( inspired by the Czechoslovakian Charter 77  ( Václav Havel ))"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Chinese Police detained him at his flat two days before its release - and the following year"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "he was given a punitive 11-year sentence for "inciting subversion""

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "China censored discussion of Liu and his Nobel win domestically"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "though Liu saw  ( western )  civilisation as a tool that was useful to reform China, he said it was utterly flawed and in need of critique itself"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but even when notionally free, his life was shadowed by harassment, questioning, house arrest and surveillance"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "asked why he continued - and why he made ambitious calls for fundamental reforms - he said his role was to push for changes"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that would benefit everyone !!!!!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "it was in a labour camp, in 1996, that he married the poet Liu Xia. Her devotion sustained him - and he took enormous pride in his wife’s talents"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""your love has been the sunlight that leaps over high walls and shines through iron bars," he said in a statement at his trial in 2009"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Liu insisted that love dissipates hate !!! - and that progress will be made"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "they were planning for their life after his release"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but late last month it emerged that Liu Xiaobo had been diagnosed with late-stage liver cancer  ! - and he was transferred from prison to hospital, still under heavy guard"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "friends were bitter at the strikingly late diagnosis and the authorities’ refusal to let the couple go abroad  !! - or release them fully"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • ""a calm and steady mind can look at a steel gate - and see a road to freedom !!!!!!!!," Liu once wrote of life as a prisoner"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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leaked Files offer many Clues to Offshore Dealings by top Chinese - ICIJ: LINK ¤ I C I J

 

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  • "eight current and former members of the Politburo Standing Committee, the country's top decision makers, have relatives with secret offshore companies"

 

 

 

 

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  • "offshore companies incorporated in offices in China and Hong Kong account for 29 percent of Mossack Fonseca’s active companies worldwide"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the leaked records shine light on how some Chinese political elites use the offshore world to keep their finances discrete"

 

 

 

 

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  • "incorporations in the BVI and elsewhere can be used to obscure financial relationships between political elites and wealthy patrons, to hide assets, evade tax and enable anonymous stock purchases"

 

 

 

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  • "they also allow high-profile individuals to set up an onshore business in the name of their offshore shell company without anyone knowing it’s theirs"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "by the end of 2015 Mossack Fonseca was collecting fees for more than 16,300 offshore companies incorporated through offices in Hong Kong and China"

 

 

 

 

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  • "business people in China often attempt to curry favor with top leaders by helping their spouses, children, grandchildren and other close family relatives"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the intense media and Internet censorship operation under way reflected Beijing’s fears that disclosures about the wealth of its political elite could spark public anger or even fuel opposition to Xi from within the party itself"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "these are methods of storing assets and money that are really for the super, super rich"

 

 

 

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  • "there is a fear and a sensitivity among party leaders that this exposes the degree to which the political and economic elite are so closely intertwined and so far above your average citizen in terms of wealth"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Xi Jinping has launched a high-profile crackdown on corruption since taking power"

 

 

 

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  • "the Chinese president has also ordered party officials to avoid public demonstrations of wealth"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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at least six missing after Clampdown on Human Rights Lawyers - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "nearly two weeks after Beijing launched one of its most comprehensive crackdowns on civil society in decades"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at least six people remain missing - believed to have disappeared into the custody of China’s security services"

 

 

 

 

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  • "at least 238 people have been detained or questioned since the clampdown began"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the missing have not been seen since 10 July, after authorities began a major round-up of Chinese human rights lawyers and their associates"

 

 

 

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  • "of the scores of people so far affected by the crackdown, 20 are still believed to be under some form of detention"

 

 

 

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  • "they are likely to have been spirited away into some form of detention where they face the risk of ill-treatment and torture"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Beijing’s offensive against rights lawyers began on 9 July with the detention of Wang Yu, an attorney known for defending politically sensitive clients including five Chinese feminists"

 

 

 

 

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  • "activists, diplomats and academics all describe recent events as one of the most ferocious party assaults on civil rights"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the scope is unprecedented, not only in terms of who has been taken away, detained or disappeared but also in terms of the huge numbers of lawyers who have been taken in for questionings, warnings and intimidation"

 

 

 

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  • "under president Xi Jinping’s leadership the party is showing a new determination to seize control of the ideological and political discourse in China"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and to marginalise any potential threats to its power"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "rights lawyers are one of the few groups in civil society that can put pressure on the regime"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "many experts see the party’s decision to launch such a sweeping attack against its perceived foes as a sign of its weakness"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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open Letter on Human Rights - China Media Project: LINK ¤ HUMAN RIGHTS

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  • "in an open letter circulating on Chinese social media, a group of more than 100 prominent individuals"

 

 

 

 

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  • "including academics, journalists, lawyers, economists and former party officials"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "call on China’s government to immediately ratify"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, or ICCPR"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the treaty, one of three main components of the UN’s International Bill of Rights, commits parties to a series"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "of core individual civil and political rights"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and due process"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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New York Times blocked by China after Report of Wen Jiabao's Family - the Guardian: LINK ¤ the GUARDIAN

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  • "the New York Times reported that several of Wen's close relatives"

 

 

 

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  • "had become extremely wealthy since his ascent to leadership"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in many cases their holdings were obscured by layers of partnerships and investment vehicles"

 

 

 

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  • "involving friends, colleagues or business partners"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "many people - particularly among the elite - had been aware of rumours about Wen's relatives"

 

 

 

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  • "but the full detail of the report and the scale of their assets is striking"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a former government colleague of Wen:"

 

 

 

 

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  • "in the senior leadership, there's no family that doesn't have these problems"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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- Capital: Beijing -PRC = People's Republic of China ]


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Charter 08
- US cable - 2008:
LINK ¤ 08BEIJING4493

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  • "the manifesto is calling for sweeping reforms in China"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "including political reform, endorsed by 303 leading Chinese intellectuals and activists"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "its signers' fundamental beliefs are"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "freedom, human rights, equality"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "republicanism, democracy and constitutional government"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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19 fundamental proposals:



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  • "separation of powers, legislative democracy, judicial independence, making the military answerable to the government"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "guaranteeing human rights, elections for public positions, rural-urban equality, freedom of association, freedom of assembly"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "freedom of speech, freedom of religion, citizen education, fiscal and tax reform, protection of property"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "social guarantees, environmental protection, federal republicanism, and rectifying past injustices"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Human Rights - US cable - 2008:
LINK ¤ 08BEIJING4501

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  • "four leading Chinese human rights lawyers and activists"

 

 

 

 

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  • "identified the lack of an independent judiciary"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the tenuous status of grassroots NGOs"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and Internet restrictions as key human rights concerns"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "grassroots NGOs, not those affiliated with the Chinese government"

 

 

 

 

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  • "are doing the real work"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and require further support"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Liu Xiaobo - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BEIJING1734

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  • "the formal arrest of writer"

 

 

 

 

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  • "and "Charter 08" signer Liu Xiaobo"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the charge of inciting the subversion of the state"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dalai Lama - US cable - 2007: LINK ¤ 07BEIJING1065

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  • "the Chinese government has a secret plan"

 

 

 

 

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  • "to select the next reincarnation of the Dalai Lama"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but he cautioned that people would not respect a government choice"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Chinese government appears to be waiting for the Dalai Lama to pass away"

 

 

 

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  • "due to the mistaken notion that the "Tibet issue" will then disappear"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the selection process is a matter of faith for ordinary people"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "not a matter of politics"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "the Dalai Lama is not asking for independence"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "but only for real autonomy under the Chinese constitution"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Tiananmen
- US cable - 2009:
LINK ¤ 09BEIJING1494

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  • "the 20th anniversary of the June 4, 1989"

 

 

 

 

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  • "massacre of pro-democracy demonstrators"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "passed quietly in Beijing amid the tightest security witnessed in Tiananmen Square in years"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "human rights activists had urged visitors to the Square"

 

 

 

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  • "to wear white clothes as a symbol of mourning and silent protest"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a group of 15 elderly women dressed entirely in white with white baseball caps"

 

 

 

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  • "were immediately surrounded by police when they approached the Square"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "at the downtown Beijing home of former Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang"

 

 

 

 

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  • "who was sacked over the 1989 protests and remained under house arrest until his death in 2005"

 

 

 

 

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  • "there was a steady stream of mourners visit the home, some of whom were bearing flowers and gifts"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "a man said: "we Chinese pay our debts""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "and we are paying our debt to Zhao Ziyang"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "for what he did for China"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Censorship - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BEIJING1206

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  • "aggressive censorship is making it more difficult to hold political discussions online"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "individual website operators, Internet service providers and online bulletin board editors"

 

 

 

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  • "are responsible for proactively removing objectionable content"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Luo Yonghao's popular blog-hosting site, Bullog"

 

 

 

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  • "had been shut down"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "because he had failed to self-censor political discussion"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Journalists - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BEIJING1249

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  • "journalists and bloggers lamented continued government restrictions"

 

 

 

 

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  • "on the media and the Internet"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "journalists and bloggers noted the self-censorship"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "that results from fear of overstepping the Party line"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Internet - US cable - 2009: LINK ¤ 09BEIJING1520

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  • "China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)"

 

 

 

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  • "mandated that all computers sold in China"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "be pre-installed with "Green Dam""

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "an Internet filtering software"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Liu Xiaobo gestorben - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "der leere Stuhl bei der Nobelpreisverleihung wurde zum Symbol für Chinas bekanntesten Bürgerrechtler Liu Xiaobo !"

 

 

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  • "den China einsperrte - erst als er im Sterben lag, war Peking zu humanitären Gesten bereit"

 

 

 

 

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  • "es war eine Zwei-Zeilen-Nachricht, wonach der "Gefangene Liu Xiaobo" unheilbar krebskrank sei - und Haftbefreiung zur medizinischen Behandlung in einem Spezialkrankenhaus erhalten hat"

 

 

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  • "es war nach sieben Jahren die erste amtliche Information über den eingesperrten Bürgerrechtler  !"

 

 

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  • "erst als er im Sterben lag, war Peking zu humanitären Gesten bereit  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "der 61-Jährige erhielt als erster Bürger der Volksrepublik China im Oktober 2010 den Friedensnobelpreis !!!"

 

 

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  • "statt stolz zu sein, tobte Peking"

 

 

 

 

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  • "China hielt Liu seit Oktober 2008 eingesperrt, und verurteilte ihn Ende 2009 zu elf Jahren Haft"

 

 

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  • "aus den gleichen Gründen, für die ihn Norwegens Nobelkomitee mit Lorbeeren auszeichnete !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "der einflussreiche Liu forderte die Demokratisierung Chinas !! - und politische Reformen  !!"

 

 

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  • "Liu war ein Aufklärer im besten Sinne, mit friedlichen Mitteln für den evolutionären Wandel Chinas zu rechtsstaatlichen Verhältnissen  !!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "das Internet wurde sein Medium  !"

 

 

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  • "über 1.500 kritische Artikel, Aufrufe und Essays hat er vor seiner Festnahme 2008 veröffentlicht  !"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "herausragend ist vor allem das Manifest "Charta 08"  !!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "19 Forderungen nach Freiheitsrechten !!!!!!!!"

 

 

 

 

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  • "und nach dem Umbau Chinas zum konföderierten Staatenbund im Rahmen einer demokratischen Verfassung !!!"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "Liu Xiaobo starb am Donnerstag, den 13. Juli im Alter von 61 Jahren an den Folgen einer Krebserkrankung"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chinesische Intellektuelle fordern politische Reformen - der Standard: LINK ¤ der STANDARD

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  • "über 100 chinesische Journalisten, Universitätsprofessoren und Umweltaktivisten"

 

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  • "verlangen in einem offenen Brief tiefgreifende politische Reformen"

 

 

 

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  • "in dem auf mehreren Internetseiten veröffentlichten Brief fordern die chinesischen Intellektuellen von der zukünftigen Führung des Landes"

 

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  • "die Ratifizierung des UNO-Zivilpaktes ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)"

 

 

 

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  • "der die grundlegenden Menschenrechte garantiert"

 

 

 

 

 

 

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eingemauert - Spiegel online: LINK ¤ SPIEGEL ONLINE

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  • "der Anwalt Xie Yanyi wollte wissen, wie es eigentlich China mit der Überwachung seiner Bürger halte"

 

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  • "was tut das Ministerium, um die Privatsphäre der Chinesen zu schützen ?"

 

 

 

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  • "haben die zuständigen Behörden auch die Erlaubnis des Nationalen Volkskongresses, die Bürger zu überwachen ?"

 

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  • "und wie kann sich ein Bürger wehren, falls die Behörden ihre Kompetenzen beim Überwachen überschritten ?"

 

 

 

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  • "gleich nachdem er seinen Brief abgeschickt hat, sind Herren vom örtlichen Sicherheitsbüro gekommen und haben ihn verwarnt"

 

 

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  • "dann aber hat das Ministerium den Empfang des Schreibens bestätigt und um eine Verlängerung der gesetzlichen Antwortfrist gebeten"

 

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  • "nach sechs Wochen ist die Antwort gekommen, zwei Zeilen lang: die Regierung sei nicht verpflichtet, die erbetenen Auskünfte zu erteilen"

 

 

 

 

 

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  • "der moderne Chinese ist in sechs Überwachungsnetzen gefangen"

 

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  • "der Staat hört die Telefone seiner Bürger ab, er liest ihre E-Mails und führt über jede Zug- und Flugreise Buch"

 

 

 

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  • "aber es gibt ja schließlich Gesetze in China, ziemlich gute sogar"

 

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  • "der Anwalt Xie sieht seine Aufgabe darin, die Regierung an diese Gesetze zu erinnern"

 

 

 

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  • "ich möchte, dass diese Macht da draußen reguliert wird"

 

 

 

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  • "die Aufseher brauchen eine Instanz, die sie beaufsichtigt"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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HUMAN RIGHTS in CHINA - Wikipedia EN: LINK ¤ HUMAN RIGHTS CHINA

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  • "the recognition and protection of Human Rights is a matter of dispute"

 

 

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  • "NGOs such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have accused the government of violating the freedoms of speech"

 

 

 

 

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  • "one of the foremost areas of concern is the lack of legal recognition of Human Rights"

 

 

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  • "the want of an independent judiciary, rule of law, and due process"

 

 

 

 

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  • "another area of concern is the severe lack of rights of labourers, and the absence of independent labour unions"

 

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